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Indonesian Company Readiness in Implementing Industry 4.0 PDF Print E-mail
Wednesday, 16 January 2019

Industry in Indonesia is currently on average at stage of initial readiness in entering the industrial era 4.0. These results are listed in the initial assessment by Ministry of Industry which will be updated with the Indonesia Industry 4.0 Readiness Index (Indi 4.0) assessment method.

 

The Head of the Industry Development and Training Agency (BPPI) of the Ministry of Industry, Ngakan Timur Antara, explained that he would launch an industry readiness assessment indicator in the face of era 4.0. The method called Indi 4.0 will be launched on March 20-21, 2019 at the Ministry of Industry office, Jakarta.

 

Ngakan explained that measurement results of Indi 4.0 would be a benchmark in identifying challenges and determining government strategies and policies in encouraging transformation towards industry 4.0.

 

Before launching the program, the Ministry of Industry had conducted an initial assessment of around 20 companies from five industry leading sectors 4.0. The five sectors are the food and beverage industry, chemicals, textiles and textile products, and electronics.

 

Ngakan explained that from the initial assessment, the industry was on level 2 on average, out of all 5 levels. Level 0 means that the industry is not ready to transform into industry 4.0, level 1 is the stage of initial readiness, level 2 stage of moderate readiness, level 3 stage of mature readiness, and level 4 means the industry has applied the industry concept 4.0 in its production.

 

He explained that based on initial assessment, chemical and automotive industries sector was the best sector in terms of preparation towards industry 4.0. According to him, this is based on the high automation that has been applied in both sectors.

 

Some obstacles to transformation towards 4.0 found by the Ministry of Industry in the initial assessment, one of which is the readiness of human resources. Ngakan assesses that this is a concern of the government so that human resource development is a priority program of the Ministry of Industry in 2019.

 

According to him, the Ministry of Industry has 40 assessors who have been trained to become industrial consultants. The assessors will later be sent to companies in accordance with the problems that are mastered by each assessor.

 

Based on McKinsey's research results, Indonesia ranks second as a country with industrial optimism in implementing 4.0, which is 78%. Above Indonesia there are Vietnam (79%), while under Indonesia there are Thailand (72%) and Singapore (53%).

 

Indonesia's Managing Partner McKinsey & Company, Philia Wibowo, considers that optimism is a great opportunity for Indonesia, although not all industries currently implement 4.0. According to him, this opportunity can be optimized through a supportive industrial climate and competitive human resources.

 

Philia also explained that 79% of industries in the Southeast Asia region had an awareness of industry 4.0. As many as 63% of industries recorded continued to increase their optimism in implementing industry 4.0.

 

The application of industry 4.0 itself is considered as something crucial to do. Based on McKinsey's research, the manufacturing sector will get the biggest influence from the application of industry 4.0. The sector will get an additional US $ 34 billion.

 

 

Kesiapan Perusahaan Indonesia dalam Menerapkan Industri 4.0

 

 

 

Industri di Indonesia saat ini rata-rata berada pada tahap kesiapan awal dalam memasuki era industri 4.0. Hasil tersebut dicatatkan dalam penilaian awal oleh Kementerian Perindustrian (Kemenperin) yang akan diperbarui dengan metode asesmen Indonesia Industry 4.0 Readiness Index (Indi 4.0).

 

Kepala Badan Pengembangan dan Pelatihan Industri (BPPI) Kemenperin, Ngakan Timur Antara, menjelaskan pihaknya akan meluncurkan indikator penilaian kesiapan industri dalam menghadapi era 4.0. Metode bernama Indi 4.0 tersebut akan diluncurkan pada 20–21 Maret 2019 di kantor Kemenperin, Jakarta.

 

Ngakan menjelaskan hasil pengukuran Indi 4.0 akan menjadi patokan dalam mengidentifikasi tantangan serta menentukan strategi dan kebijakan pemerintah dalam mendorong transformasi menuju industri 4.0.

 

Sebelum meluncurkan program tersebut, Kemenperin telah melakukan penilaian awal kepada sekitar 20 perusahaan dari lima sektor unggulan industri 4.0. Kelima sektor tersebut adalah sektor industri makanan dan minuman, kimia, tekstil dan produk tekstil, serta elektronik.

 

Ngakan menjelaskan dari penilaian awal tersebut industri rata-rata berada pada level 2, dari keseluruhan 5 level. Level 0 berarti industri belum siap bertransformasi ke industri 4.0, level 1 merupakan tahap kesiapan awal, level 2 tahap kesiapan sedang, level 3 tahap kesiapan matang, dan level 4 berarti industri sudah menerapkan konsep industri 4.0 dalam produksinya.

 

Dia menjelaskan berdasarkan penilaian awal tersebut sektor industri kimia dan otomotif merupakan sektor terbaik dalam segi persiapan menuju industri 4.0. Hal tersebut menurutnya didasari tingginya otomasi yang telah diterapkan di kedua sektor tersebut.

 

Beberapa kendala transformasi menuju 4.0 yang ditemukan Kemenperin dalam penilaian awal salah satunya adalah kesiapan sumber daya manusia. Ngakan menilai hal tersebut menjadi perhatian pemerintah sehingga pengembangan SDM dijadikan program prioritas Kemenperin pada 2019.

 

Kemenperin pun menurutnya telah memiliki 40 orang asesor yang telah dilatih untuk menjadi konsultan industri. Para asesor tersebut nantinya akan diturunkan ke perusahaan-perusahaan sesuai dengan permasalahan yang dikuasai tiap asesor.

 

Berdasarkan hasil riset McKinsey, Indonesia menempati posisi kedua sebagai negara dengan optimisme industri dalam menerapkan 4.0, yakni sebesar 78%. Di atas Indonesia terdapat Vietnam (79%), sedangkan di bawah Indonesia terdapat Thailand (72%) dan Singapura (53%).

 

Managing Partner Indonesia McKinsey & Company, Philia Wibowo, menilai optimisme tersebut merupakan peluang besar bagi Indonesia, meskipun saat ini belum semua industri menerapkan 4.0. Peluang tersebut menurutnya dapat dioptimalkan melalui iklim industri yang menunjang dan sumber daya manusia (SDM) yang berdaya saing.

 

Philia pun menjelaskan 79% industri di kawasan Asia Tenggara telah memiliki kesadaran akan industri 4.0. Sebanyak 63% industri tercatat terus meningkat optimismenya dalam menerapkan industri 4.0.

 

Penerapan industri 4.0 sendiri dinilainya sebagai sesuatu yang krusial untuk dilakukan. Berdasarkan riset McKinsey, sektor manufaktur akan mendapat pengaruh terbesar dari penerapan industri 4.0. Sektor tersebut akan mendapat tambahan US$34 miliar.

 
		

		
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