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Home arrow Latest News arrow Textile industry slumped more


				
			
			
Textile industry slumped more PDF Print E-mail
Written by Tessa   
Monday, 25 May 2015

A sluggish market and higher operating expenses make the textile industry is getting worse. Even in District Majalaya, Bandung regency, dozens of factories were forced to lay off thousands of employees in the first quarter of 2015.

 

Chairman of the Indonesian Textile Association (API) Ade Sudrajat said, at least there are 60 textile factories in Majalaya which houses employees since the beginning of 2015. "The factory employs at least 100 employees. If all leveled the same, there are at least 6000 employees were laid off. In fact there is also which have been hit Termination (PHK), "he said when contacted on Sunday (05/24/2015).

 

According to Ade, which houses some of the plant or laying off their workers were listed as members of the API. They officially have reported this condition to the parent organization.

 

Nonetheless, said Ade, it also received reports that dozens of factories valid nonmember API also experienced similar things. "Please check it directly to Majala or to a local agency," he said.

 

According to Ade, the conditions must be done by the businesses because of difficult conditions indeed. Not only are sluggish market, employers was currently saddled production and operational costs continue to swell.

 

On the market side, Ade asserted, the global market has been sluggish since last 2014. While in the country various policies such as subsidized fuel price increase, making price the primary needs continue to increase.

 

With income tend not experienced many changes, people would prefer the fulfillment of primary needs such as food, education and health as well as families. "As for the secondary needs such as clothing, people choose to delay or reduce the quantity of fulfillment. As a result, sales of textiles and textile products in the country on average dropped by 50 percent," said Ade.

 

On the side of production and operational costs, Ade launch there are four main factors that currently burden the textile business operators. Electricity rates are surging 40-50 per cent last year became the biggest factor increased expenditure businessman. In addition, the policy BPJS Health, Labor BPJS (pension fund), employee insurance, and the cost of port terminal services, is equally experienced a sharp rise.

 

When confirmed, Head of Department of Labor and Transmigration Tenga West Java Widyatmoko Hening admitted his side had not been informed, let alone a formal report on the textile industry Majalaya which houses or lay off employees. "If that is true, then this is a disaster for employment in West Java," said via text message.

 

According Hening, Majalaya textile industry is labor-intensive textile industry. Every industry in the region to absorb hundreds of workers. If there is a downturn in the industry, it will impact on the new social problems in the form of new jobless in very large quantities.

 

Hening confirmed, it will immediately coordinate with related agencies in Bandung Regency to ensure the correctness of these conditions. "We will immediately do anticipatory measures to suppress the rise of unemployment and other social problems are more severe," he said.

 

 

Industri Tekstil Semakin Terpuruk

 

 

Pasar yang lesu dan beban operasional yang semakin tinggi membuat industri tekstil semakin terpuruk. Bahkan di Kecamatan Majalaya, Kabupaten Bandung, puluhan pabrik terpaksa merumahkan ribuan karyawannya pada kuartal pertama 2015.

 

Ketua Asosiasi Pertekstilan Indonesia (API) Ade Sudrajat mengatakan, setidaknya ada 60 pabrik tekstil di Majalaya yang merumahkan karyawannya sejak awal 2015. "Satu pabrik paling sedikit mempekerjakan 100 karyawan. Kalau semua diratakan sama, paling tidak ada 6000 karyawan yang dirumahkan. Bahkan ada juga yang sudah terkena Pemutusan Hubungan Kerja (PHK)," katanya saat dihubungi Minggu (24/5/2015).

 

Menurut Ade, beberapa dari pabrik yang merumahkan atau mem-PHK karyawannya itu tercatat sebagai anggota API. Mereka secara resmi telah melaporkan kondisi tersebut ke induk organisasinya.

 

Meskipun demikian, kata Ade, pihaknya juga menerima laporan yang valid bahwa puluhan pabrik yang bukan anggota API pun mengalami hal serupa. "Silahkan dicek saja langsung ke Majala atau ke dinas setempat," tuturnya.

 

Menurut Ade, kondisi tersebut terpaksa dilakukan oleh para pelaku usaha karena kondisi yang memang tengah sulit. Tidak hanya pasar yang sedang lesu, pengusaha pun saat ini dibebani biaya produksi dan operasional yang terus membengkak.

 

Di sisi pasar, Ade menegaskan, pasar global sudah lesu sejak 2014 lalu. Sementara di dalam negeri berbagai kebijakan seperti kenaikan harga BBM bersubsidi, membuat harga kebutuhan primer terus meningkat.

 

Dengan penghasilan yang cenderung tak mengalami banyak perubahan, masyarakat tentunya lebih mengutamakan pemenuhan kebutuhan primer seperti sembako, serta biaya pendidikan dan kesehatan keluarga. "Sementara untuk kebutuhan sekunder seperti pakaian, masyarakat memilih menunda atau mengurangi kuantitas pemenuhannya. Akibatnya penjualan tekstil dan produk tekstil dalam negeri rata-rata menurun 50 persen," ucap Ade.

 

Di sisi biaya produksi dan operasional, Ade melansir ada empat faktor utama yang kini memberatkan pelaku usaha tekstil. Tarif listrik yang melonjak 40-50 persen setahun terakhir menjadi faktor terbesar meningkatnya pengeluaran pengusaha. Selain itu, kebijakan BPJS Kesehatan, BPJS Ketenagakerjaan (dana pensiun), asuransi karyawan, dan ongkos jasa terminal pelabuhan, juga tak kalah mengalami kenaikan tajam.

 

Ketika dikonfirmasi, Kepala Dinas Tenga Kerja dan Transmigrasi Jawa Barat Hening Widyatmoko mengaku pihaknya belum mendapat informasi, apalagi laporan resmi tentang industri tekstil Majalaya yang merumahkan atau mem-PHK karyawannya. "Kalau itu benar, maka ini merupakan bencana ketenagakerjaan bagi Jawa Barat," kata lewat pesan singkat.

 

Menurut Hening, industri tekstil Majalaya merupakan industri tekstil padat karya. Setiap industri di kawasan itu menyerap ratusan tenaga kerja. Jika terjadi keterpurukan pada industri, maka akan berimbas pada masalah sosial baru berupa pengangguran baru dalam jumlah yang sangat besar.

 

Hening menegaskan, pihaknya akan segera berkoordinasi dengan dinas terkait di Kabupaten Bandung untuk memastikan kebenaran kondisi tersebut. "Kami akan segera lakukan langkah antisipatif untuk menekan munculnya pengangguran dan masalah sosial lain yang lebih parah," ujarnya.

 
		
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