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Home arrow Latest News arrow Downstream Government Program Entrance Machinery Import

Downstream Government Program Entrance Machinery Import PDF Print E-mail
Written by Maizer   
Tuesday, 29 March 2016

Rudy Andriyana, Machine Tool Industry Association of Indonesia (Asimpi), said that in line with the passing downstream program, the government must begin to restrict imports of capital goods were in fact already be produced in the country. Downstream program that is not accompanied by the development of supporting industries led to manufacturers of capital goods in the country to flourish as a result of the market controlled by imported products.


"1-2 years behind imports opened wide as the downstream program, now it is time limited. For machine tools Downstream light duty, medium duty, and special purpose machine is forbidden to be imported, because local producers have been able to make it, "he said.


As for the import of machine tools is allowed only for heavy duty or high category precision and production machinery or automation. The use of local products, especially on the nationally-funded projects and expenditures of State Owned Enterprises (SOEs).


As a result of imports of capital goods were released, he continued, the production capacity of local manufacturers of machine tools up to now does not grow above 100 units per month. While the needs of the national machine tools is estimated at 15000-20000 per year.


As a result, the value of imports of machine tools from 11 harmonized system (HS) number rises every year. In 2010, imports of machine tools is only US $ 652 million, while in 2014 has reached US $ 1.33 billion. As for imports in the past year as of August had reached US $ 656 million.


Of the value of imports of machine tools reached US $ 1.33 billion in 2014, the export value of machine tools Indonesia only 10% of it. The goods are exported special purpose machine is primarily for the automotive industry.


The slow development of the tooling industry, he added, also due to the import of basic material, mainly steel from non-free trade agreement countries or nations most favorable category subject to high import duties. While imports of finished products from countries that establishing the FTA is not subject to import duties.


Disharmony this rate, he added, causing the price of products with domestic content level (DCL) certain to get higher price preference of 10% is still unable to compete with imported products.


Moreover, the structure of production costs in the industrial tooling around 40% -60% only for Fixed material.Tariff MFN duty steel according PMK No. 97/2015 lowest 10% and as high as 20%.


Program Hilirisasi Pemerintah Pintu Masuk Mesin Impor


Rudy Andriyana, Asosiasi Industri Mesin Perkakas Indonesia (Asimpi), mengatakan seiring dengan bergulirnya program hilirisasi, pemerintah harus mulai membatasi impor barang modal yang notabene sudah dapat diproduksi di dalam negeri. Program hilirisasi yang tidak dibarengi dengan pengembangan industri penunjang menyebabkan produsen barang modal dalam negeri sulit berkembang akibat pasar yang dikuasai produk impor.


“1-2 tahun belakang impor dibuka lebar seiring dengan program hilirisasi, sekarang sudah saatnya dibatasi. Untuk mesin perkakas kategorilight duty, medium duty, dan special purpose machine sudah tidak boleh diimpor, karena produsen lokal sudah mampu membuatnya,” ujarnya.


Adapun impor mesin perkakas yang dibolehkan hanya untuk category heavy duty atau high precision serta production machinery atau otomasi. Penggunaan produk lokal, utamanya pada proyek yang didanai APBN maupun belanja Badan Usaha Milik Negara (BUMN).


Akibat impor barang modal yang dibebaskan, lanjutnya, kapasitas produksi produsen mesin perkakas lokal hingga kini tidak berkembang di atas 100 unit per bulan. Sementara kebutuhan mesin perkakas nasional diperkirakan mencapai 15.000 - 20.000 per tahun.


Akibatnya, nilai impor mesin perkakas dari 11 harmonized system (HS) number setiap tahun naik. Pada 2010 impor mesin perkakas hanya US$652 juta, sementara 2014 telah mencapai US$1,33 miliar. Adapun impor pada tahun lalu per Agustus telah mencapai US$656 juta.


Dari nilai impor mesin perkakas yang mencapai US$1,33 miliar pada 2014, nilai ekspor mesin perkakas Indonesia hanya 10% nya. Adapun barang-barang yang diekspor bersifat special purpose machine utamanya untuk industri otomotif.


Lambatnya perkembangan industri perkakas, lanjutnya, juga akibat impor material dasar, utamanya baja dari negara non free trade agreement atau kategori most favourable nations dikenakan bea masuk tinggi. Sementara impor produk jadi dari negara yang menjalin FTA tidak dikenakan bea masuk.


Disharmoni tarif ini, lanjutnya, menyebabkan harga produk dengan tingkat kandungan dalam negeri (TKDN) tertentu yang mendapatkan preferensi harga lebih tinggi 10% tetap tidak mampu bersaing dengan produk impor.


Apalagi struktur ongkos produksi pada industri perkakas sekitar 40%-60% hanya untuk bahan baku.Tarif bea masuk baja MFN sesuai PMK No. 97/2015 paling rendah 10% dan paling tinggi 20%.

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