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Home arrow Latest News arrow Investment Constrained Availability of Manpower


				
			
			
Investment Constrained Availability of Manpower PDF Print E-mail
Written by Maizer   
Tuesday, 12 July 2016

The South Korean company plans to set up a shoe factory Rp2 trillion in Jepara. However, the realization of the investment is constrained by the limitations of a highly skilled workforce in Jepara. Chairman of the Indonesian Footwear Association (Footwear) Eddy Widjanarko said the process of setting up a shoe factory by Parkland Wood Jepara has lasted almost two years.

 

He explained that the South Korean company that makes Jepara as a center for new production plant substitute those previously located in the Greater Jakarta area, targeting labor costs are cheaper.

 

Eddy explained the process of building a shoe factory worth US $ 150 million (Rp2.03 trillion) is still hampered by a classic problem in the shoe industry and footwear in Indonesia, which is having trouble finding skilled workforce.

 

Shoe factory owner who started a new industry in the region is difficult to get workers who have experience sewing and used to working to the rhythm of the manufacturing industry.

 

Eddy said Parkland Wood is currently trying to expand the radius of recruitment to the surrounding area Jepara district to fill a need of 15,000 workers at their plant.

 

Director of the Textile, Leather, Footwear, and Arts, the Ministry of Industry Muhdori recognize Parkland Wood and Hua Teng reported problems related to electricity needs and concerns about the availability of skilled labor in the district of Jepara.

 

The need for labor in large amounts to pose a shoe factory workers scramble with existing timber industry in Jepara and potentially cause friction with the local community.

 

Ministry of Industry and Jepara regency has established communication with the timber industry in Jepara in order to receive new industrial presence in its territory. In addition, the Ministry of Industry ready to establish Community Academy as a training center for prospective workers in the shoe industry.

 

Muhdori add local governments also get the assurance of PT PLN (Persero) Central Java distribution about power supplies for shoe factories and Hua Teng Wood Parkland.

 

Eddy said that in the near future has no plans other foreign investment in Indonesian footwear sector. Parkland Wood is the only investment in the footwear sector in the last 1-2 years.

 

Foreign suppliers and manufacturers of shoes less eyeing Indonesia compared to other countries such as Vietnam and Bangladesh that have free trade agreements with developed markets in Europe and the United States. Shoes produced in Vietnam, for example, can be sold at lower prices 9% compared to the production of shoes Indonesia in the United States.

 

Eddy expects the government to give support to the efforts of businesses set up factories in the new region through training of human resources. Workers ready for use may be an added attraction for potential investors are currently eyeing Indonesia as a transfer destination of China's shoe industry.

,

Indonesia's footwear export value increased from US $ 3.8 billion in 2014 to US $ 4.5 billion in 2015. The United States, which bought 28.2% of total exports was the main export destination followed by Belgium and China. The value of exports to China has doubled from 3% in 2014 to 7% in 2015.

 

Eddy still optmisitic  Indonesian footwear exports could grow 11.11% to US $ 5 billion in 2016, partly driven by the investment 13 new factories started operating last year.

 

 

Investasi Terkendala Ketersediaan Tenaga Kerja

 

 

Perusahaan Korea Selatan berencana mendirikan pabrik sepatu senilai Rp2 triliun di Jepara. Namun, realisasi investasi tersebut terkendala oleh keterbatasan tenaga kerja berkeahlian di Jepara. Ketua Umum Asosiasi Persepatuan Indonesia (Aprisindo) Eddy Widjanarko mengatakan proses pendirian pabrik sepatu oleh Parkland Wood di Kabupaten Jepara telah berlangsung hampir 2 tahun.

 

Dia menjelaskan perusahaan Korea Selatan tersebut menjadikan Jepara sebagai pusat produksi baru pengganti pabrik mereka yang sebelumnya berlokasi di wilayah Jabodetabek, mengincar biaya tenaga kerja yang lebih murah.

 

Eddy memaparkan proses pembangunan pabrik sepatu senilai US$150 juta (Rp2,03 triliun) tersebut masih terhambat oleh masalah klasik dalam industri sepatu dan alas kaki di Indonesia, yaitu kesulitan mencari tenaga kerja berkeahlian.

 

Pemilik pabrik sepatu yang memulai industri di wilayah baru sulit mendapatkan tenaga kerja yang telah memiliki pengalaman menjahit dan terbiasa bekerja mengikuti irama industri manufaktur.

 

Eddy mengatakan Parkland Wood saat ini berusaha memperluas radius perekrutan tenaga kerja ke wilayah sekitar Kabupaten Jepara untuk mengisi kebutuhan 15.000 tenaga kerja di pabrik mereka.

 

Direktur Industri Tekstil, Kulit, Alas Kaki, dan Aneka Kementerian Perindustrian Muhdori mengakui Parkland Wood dan Hua Teng melaporkan kendala terkait kebutuhan tenaga listrik dan permasalahan soal ketersediaan tenaga kerja berketerampilan di Kabupaten Jepara.

 

Kebutuhan tenaga kerja dalam jumlah besar untuk pabrik sepatu menimbulkan perebutan tenaga kerja dengan industri perkayuan yang sudah ada di Jepara dan berpotensi menyebabkan gesekan dengan masyarakat setempat.

 

Kemenperin dan Pemkab Jepara telah menjalin komunikasi dengan pelaku industri kayu di Jepara agar bisa menerima kehadiran industri baru di wilayahnya. Selain itu, Kemenperin siap mendirikan Akademi Komunitas sebagai pusat pelatihan bagi calon pekerja di industri sepatu.

 

Muhdori menambahkan pemerintah daerah juga sudah mendapatkan kepastian dari PT PLN (Persero) distribusi Jawa Tengah soal pasokan listrik bagi pabrik sepatu Parkland Wood dan Hua Teng.

 

Eddy mengatakan dalam waktu dekat belum ada rencana investasi asing lain di sektor industri sepatu Indonesia. Parkland Wood merupakan satu-satunya investasi di sektor industri sepatu dalam 1—2 tahun terakhir.

 

Pemasok dan produsen sepatu asing kurang melirik Indonesia dibandingkan negara lain seperti Vietnam dan Bangladesh yang memiliki perjanjian perdagangan bebas dengan pasar negara maju di Eropa dan Amerika Serikat. Sepatu yang diproduksi di Vietnam, misalnya, bisa dijual dengan harga lebih rendah 9% dibandingkan sepatu produksi Indonesia di Amerika Serikat.

 

Eddy mengharapkan pemerintah memberi dukungan atas upaya pelaku usaha mendirikan pabrik di wilayah baru melalui pelatihan sumber daya manusia. Pekerja yang siap pakai bisa menjadi daya tarik tambahan bagi calon investor yang saat ini melirik Indonesia sebagai tujuan perpindahan industri sepatu dari China.

.

Nilai ekspor alas kaki Indonesia naik dari US$3,8 miliar pada 2014 menjadi US$4,5 miliar pada 2015. Amerika Serikat yang membeli 28,2% dari total ekspor adalah tujuan ekspor utama diikuti oleh Belgia dan China. Nilai ekspor ke China meningkat dua kali lipat dari 3%  pada 2014 menjadi 7% pada 2015.

 

Eddy masih optmisitis nilai ekspor alas kaki Indonesia bisa tumbuh 11,11% menjadi US$5 miliar pada 2016 antara lain didorong oleh investasi 13 pabrik sepatu baru yang beroperasi mulai tahun lalu.

 
		
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