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Home arrow Latest News arrow Automation in Textile Sector Make Workers Restless


				
			
			
Automation in Textile Sector Make Workers Restless PDF Print E-mail
Written by Maizer   
Wednesday, 13 July 2016

International Labour Organisation ILO said, more than half of workers in Southeast Asia will lose their jobs due to automation in the next two decades. Jobs are threatened, especially in the garment sector. Approximately 137 million workers, or 56 percent of the labor force that is unemployed in Cambodia, Indonesia, Philippines, Thailand and Vietnam in danger of losing his job, as mentioned in a report released by the International Labour Organization - ILO.

 

 

"Countries that compete with low wage levels need to reposition again. Advantages in price (low) is no longer enough," said Deborah France-Massin, Director of the ILO's field of business.

 

The report said, in order to prevent unemployment workers should receive effective training to work with digital machines.

 

Southeast Asia has more than 630 million people and will be a center of manufacturing industries, including textiles, automotive and computer peripherals such as hard disk drives.

 

9 million workers in the textile, clothing and footwear in Southeast Asia, 64 percent of Indonesian workers are at high risk groups lose their jobs as a result of automation, in Vietnam 86 percent and 88 percent in Cambodia.

 

Garment manufacturers in Cambodia, which received orders from major suppliers such as Adidas, Marks and Spencer and Wal-Mart Stores Inc., employs about 600,000 people.

 

In Vietnam, the investment in the footwear and textile industry will reach a new record for a new free trade pact agreed with the major global markets, including the Trans-Pacific Partnership agreement led by the United States. Vietnam is now the second largest garment supplier to the US after China.

 

 

The ILO said development of technology, including 3D printing technology, digital technology apparel, nanotechnology and automation with a robot could be a threat to workers in this sector.

 

Textiles, clothing and footwear sectors are facing the highest risk of automation of five industry sectors surveyed ILO, including the automotive industry and car parts, electrical and electronics, business outsourcing, and retail.

 

In the automotive industry and car parts, more than 60 percent of workers in Indonesia threatened layoffs or transferred, in Thailand more than 70 percent.

 

 

Otomatisasi di Bidang Tekstil Membuat Pekerja Resah

 

 

Organisasi Buruh Internasional ILO mengatakan, lebih setengah pekerja di Asia Tenggara akan kehilangan pekerjaan akibat otomatisasi dalam dua dekade mendatang. Lapangan kerja yang terancam terutama di bidang garmen.

 

Sekitar 137 juta pekerja, atau 56 persen dari angkatan kerja yang tidak menganggur di Kamboja, Indonesia, Filipina, Thailand dan Vietnam terancam kehilangan pekerjaannya, demikian disebutkan dalam laporan yang dirilis oleh International Labour Organization - ILO.

 

"Negara-negara yang bersaing dengan tingkat gaji rendah perlu melakukan reposisi lagi. Keuntungan harga (rendah) tidak lagi cukup," kata Deborah France-Massin, Direktur ILO untuk bidang usaha.

 

Laporan itu mengatakan, untuk mencegah pengagguran para pekerja harus mendapat pelatihan yang efektif untuk bekerja dengan mesin-mesin digital.

 

Asia Tenggara memiliki lebih dari 630 juta penduduk dan akan menjadi salah satu pusat industri manufaktur, antara lain tekstil, otomotif dan perangkat komputer seperti hard disk drive.

 

Dari 9 juta pekerja di industri tekstil, pakaian dan alas kaki di Asia Tenggara, 64 persen pekerja Indonesia berada pada kelompok risiko tinggi kehilangan pekerjaan akibat otomatisasi, di Vietnam 86 persen dan di Kamboja 88 persen.

 

Produsen garmen di Kamboja, yang menerima pesanan dari pemasok besar seperti Adidas, Marks and Spencer dan Wal-Mart Stores Inc, mempekerjakan sekitar 600.000 orang.

 

Di Vietnam, investasi pada industri alas kaki dan tekstil akan mencapai rekor baru karena pakta perdagangan bebas yang baru disepakati dengan pasar-pasar utama global, termasuk kesepakatan Trans-Pacific Partnership yang dimotori Amerika Serikat. Vietnam sekarang menjadi pemasok garmen terbesar kedua ke Amerika Serikat setelah Cina.

 

 

ILO mengatakan, perkembanganteknologi, termasuk teknologi cetak 3D, teknologi digital pakaian jadi, nanoteknologi dan otomatisasi dengan robot bisa menjadi ancaman bagi pekerja di sektor ini.

 

Tekstil, pakaian dan alas kaki adalah sektor yang menghadapi risiko otomatisasi tertinggi dari lima sektor industri yang diteliti ILO, termasuk industri otomotif dan suku cadang mobil, listrik dan elektronik, bisnis outsourcing dan ritel.

 

Dalam industri otomotif dan suku cadang mobil, lebih dari 60 persen pekerja di Indonesia terancam PHK atau dipindahkan, di Thailand lebih dari 70 persen.

 

 

 

 
		
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