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Home arrow Latest News arrow Textiles Industry: Upstream Industry Must Be Developed


				
			
			
Textiles Industry: Upstream Industry Must Be Developed PDF Print E-mail
Written by Maizer   
Tuesday, 19 July 2016

Indonesian Employers Association (Apindo), West Java prompted the government to develop the upstream textile industry in the country. Apindo Secretary Martin B. Chandra said West Java potential to develop the upstream textile industry is huge because most of the natural resources (SDA) to human resources (HR) is located in West Java.

 

According to him, in order to strengthen upstream industry requires commitment from the government to realize consistently implementing regulation that does not interfere with other policies.

 

Implementation of the regulations in favor of the development of upstream industries needed due to processing raw materials into semi-finished high costs need.

 

"The value of investments in the upstream sector is much higher than the downstream. Not an easy task when the upstream sector could be developed, for investors who have invested billions of dollars will reach the United States," he said

 

He gave an example, to process fiber from petroleum as raw material for the manufacture of textiles and textile products (TPT) in the downstream sector as well as the equipment requires highly sophisticated processing machines. This step requires a very high cost to make it happen.

 

He said that if the regulations were applied inconsistently it will be detrimental to investors. "So in essence, investors want certainty how the upstream sector could be strengthened."

 

With the current state of the downstream textile industry in the country still prefer imported raw materials from outside because they are relatively cheaper.

 

Nevertheless, Martin suggests the development of upstream industries can not be done in the short term. Because, in addition to implementing regulations need consistently also the competitiveness of the domestic industry has been defeated by China.

 

"If implemented now it's hard to do, let alone having to compete with China far obviously more advanced than Indonesia," he said.

 

He gave an example, in China textile production in the downstream sector has been able to print sales to US $ 8 billion per year. It was considered reasonable for the supply of raw materials in China is produced in its upstream sector.

 

"In Indonesia to achieve printing of 2% of the value of sales in China is difficult, not to mention the import of raw materials is still hanging," he said.

 

In addition, consumers in Indonesia also needs to be its own market in the country, do not let them buy more imported goods.

 

According to him, China could be strong upstream-downstream her for consumers to buy products in the country, they could even export to most countries in the world.

 

He also denied if some of the calling when the domestic textile industry sunset. Because this sector still contributes substantially to the economy in the country.

 

"For the sunset, TPT in the country remains strong because of this potential can still be developed before the origin of the strong commitment of the government. TTP could actually be seeded and supporting the domestic economy," he said.

 

Regarding the incentive is actually not going to hoist the growth of the textile industry because it needs to be fixed, ie from upstream to downstream.

 

Nevertheless, Apindo remained hopeful the government to stimulate the passion of the textile industry through the economic package of policies already issued.

"We hope to soon be realized and the impact on the textile industry is one of them."

 

Meanwhile, the government is urged to provide incentives to the downstream industries that still use the textile production in the country. Thus, sales of textiles and textile products will be re-stretched.

 

Economic observer from University of Padjadjaran (Unpad) Poppy Rufaidah said government incentives could be given to the use of certain fabrics. Because when employers shut down the plant continues to lose money because the government will be more burdensome because of unemployment increases.

 

"Banks do not want to give the credit. We recommend that the government has opened an incentive for downstream industries that use raw materials in the country. Cheating in  taxes there are tax exempt this time does not exist," he said.

 

According to him, business sluggishness experienced textile industry during this time because they use the old machines. They produce the same type of fabric may be said of the previous period.

 

While current consumer tastes continue to evolve. Product diversification need creativity and particular techniques in textile and requires innovation of businesses.

 

"How do I develop it they need to collaborate with designers who have an appetite for the market. The problem is, about the specifications of the machine. The machine specification only for certain fabrics," he said.

 

 

Industri Tekstil: Industri Hulu Mutlak Dikembangkan

 

 

 

Asosiasi Pengusaha Indonesia (Apindo) Jawa Barat mendorong pemerintah untuk mengembangkan industri hulu tekstil di dalam negeri.

 

Sekretaris Apindo Jabar Martin B. Chandra mengatakan potensi Jabar untuk mengembangkan industri hulu tekstil sangat besar karena sebagian besar sumber daya alam (SDA) hingga sumber daya manusia (SDM) berada di Jabar.

 

Menurutnya, untuk memperkuat industri hulu dibutuhkan komitmen dari pemerintah untuk merealisasikan implementasi regulasi secara konsisten yang tidak terganggu dengan kebijakan lain.

 

Implementasi regulasi yang berpihak pada pengembangan industri hulu diperlukan karena untuk mengolah bahan baku menjadi setengah jadi butuh biaya tinggi.

 

"Nilai investasi di sektor hulu jauh lebih tinggi dibandingkan dengan hilir. Bukan perkara mudah apabila sektor hulu bisa dikembangkan, karena investor yang menanamkan modal nantinya mencapai miliaran dolar Amerika Serikat," katanya

 

Dia memberi contoh, untuk mengolah fiber dari minyak bumi sebagai bahan baku pembuatan tekstil dan produk tekstil (TPT) di sektor hilir memerlukan peralatan serta mesin pengolah yang sangat canggih. Langkah ini memerlukan biaya sangat tinggi untuk merealisasikannya.

 

Dia mengatakan apabila regulasi yang diterapkan tidak konsisten maka akan merugikan  investor. "Jadi pada intinya investor ingin ada kepastian bagaimana sektor hulu itu bisa menguat."

 

Dengan keadaan saat ini industri hilir TPT di dalam negeri masih memilih impor bahan baku dari luar karena harganya relatif lebih murah.

 

Kendati demikian, Martin mengemukakan pengembangan industri hulu tidak bisa dilakukan dalam jangka waktu pendek. Sebab, selain butuh implementasi regulasi secara konsisten juga daya saing industri di dalam negeri sudah kalah oleh China.

 

"Apabila diimplementasikan sekarang hal itu sulit dilakukan, apalagi harus bersaing dengan China yang jauh jelas lebih maju dari Indonesia," ujarnya.

 

Dia memberi contoh, di China produksi TPT di sektor hilir sudah mampu mencetak angka penjualan hingga US$8 miliar per tahun. Hal itu dinilai wajar karena pasokan bahan baku di China diproduksi sendiri di sektor hulu-nya.

 

"Di Indonesia untuk mencapai pencetakan penjualan 2% dari nilai di China saja sulit, belum lagi bahan baku masih tergantung impor," katanya.

 

Di samping itu, konsumen di Indonesia pun perlu dijadikan pasar sendiri di dalam negeri, jangan sampai mereka banyak membeli barang impor.

 

Menurutnya, China bisa kuat industri hulu-hilir-nya karena konsumennya membeli produk hasil dalam negerinya, bahkan mereka bisa ekspor ke sebagian besar seluruh negara di dunia.

 

Dia juga membantah apabila beberapa kalangan menyebut apabila industri TPT di dalam negeri sunset. Karena sektor ini masih berkontribusi besar bagi perekonomian di dalam negeri.

 

"Untuk sunset, TPT dalam negeri masih kuat  karena potensi ini masih bisa dikembangkan asal komitmen kuat tadi dari pemerintah. TPT bisa benar-benar menjadi unggulan dan penopang perekonomian di dalam negeri," ungkapnya.

 

Mengenai insentif pun sebenarnya tidak akan mengerek pertumbuhan industri TPT karena yang perlu diperbaiki yakni dari hulu hingga hilir.

 

Kendati demikian, Apindo masih menaruh harapan kepada pemerintah untuk merangsang kembali gairah industri TPT lewat kebijakan paket ekonomi yang sudah diterbitkan.

"Kami berharap bisa secepatnya direalisasikan dan berdampak terhadap industri salah satunya TPT ini."

 

Sementara itu, Pemerintah disarankan untuk memberikan insentif kepada industri hilir yang masih menggunakan tekstil produksi dalam negeri. Dengan begitu, penjualan tekstil dan produk teksil akan kembali menggeliat.

 

Pengamat Ekonomi dari Universitas Padjadjaran (Unpad) Poppy Rufaidah mengatakan, pemberian insentif bisa diberikan pemerintah kepada penggunaan kain tertentu. Karena ketika pengusaha menutup pabrik lantaran terus merugi akan semakin memberatkan pemerintah karena pengangguran bertambah.

 

"Perbankan kan tidak mau memberikan kredit. Sebaiknya pemerintah membuka insentif untuk industri hilir yang menggunakan bahan baku dalam negeri. Pengemplang pajak saja ada yang  dibebaskan pajaknya masa ini nggak ada," katanya.

 

Menurutnya, kelesuan usaha yang dialami pelaku industri tekstil selama ini karena mereka menggunakan mesin yang lama. Mereka memproduksi jenis kain boleh dikatakan sama dengan periode sebelumnya.

 

Sedangkan saat ini selera konsumen terus berkembang. Diversifikasi produk butuh kreativitas dan teknik tertentu di pertekstilan dan ini membutuhkan inovasi dari pelaku usaha.

 

"Bagaimana cara mengembangkannya mereka perlu berkolaborasi dengan para desainer yang memiliki selera untuk pasar. Masalahnya, tentang spesifikasi mesin. Spesifikasi mesin itu hanya untuk kain tertentu," ujarnya.

 

 
		
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