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APSyFI: The national textile industry is headed for a trade deficit, 2018 exports grow 1% and imports grow 14% (yoy).--IKATSI: The growth of the national textile industry is still hampered by floods of imports, Indonesia needs a clothing security law.


	
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Home arrow Latest News arrow Obstacles Manufacturing Exports Decreased


				
			
			
Obstacles Manufacturing Exports Decreased PDF Print E-mail
Written by Maizer   
Wednesday, 20 July 2016

Industrial manufacturing into industrial sectors affected by the global economic downturn. The decline in economic activity elsewhere in the world affects the purchasing power which led to the decline of manufacturing exports from Indonesia. Hariyadi Sukamdani, Chairman of the Indonesian Employers Association (Apindo) said that the global economy is still jammed Indonesian export rate. "Global conditions have not improved," said Hariyadi.

 

Not only in the first half, the pressure on exports likely to occur in the second half of the year due to the effect of the UK out of the EU membership. "If I was not so sure of export increase," he said.

 

Manufacturing products that could slip from the effects of the release of the UK from the European Union that are garments and textiles. "Some items such as garments will drop slightly as the psychological effects of the issue of British Exit (Brexit). Demand is down but not much, "said Hariyadi.

 

However, the weakening of exports are projected to be filled rise in domestic textile sales tax amnesty policy post alias tax amnesty.

 

To note, the first half of 2016, textile exports rose slightly. BPS recorded, not knitted apparel exports during the first half of 2016 reached US $ 2.07 billion, up 3.68% compared to last year with exports of US $ 2 billion.

 

After textiles, exports are threatened slack in the second period this year was pulp (pulp). In the first period of 2016, exports of pulp fell 6%. Liana Bratasida, Executive Director of Indonesian Pulp and Paper Association (APKI) said, the decline in exports due to weakening global demand. "The global economy is flagging influence exports," said Liana.

 

In addition, there are trade barriers such as the imposition of anti-dumping duties in destination countries. "The latest allegations of dumping and boycott Indonesian paper products," said Liana.

 

After the paper, exports were down the first half of 2016 was the iron and steel fell 9% in the first half of 2016.

 

Warih Andang Tjahjono, Vice President Director of PT Toyota Motor Manufacturing Indonesia (TMMIN) estimates, this year's auto exports will rise if world oil prices improve. "Mainly exports to the Middle East, for the Fortuner, Innova and Vios," he said

 

 

Kendala Ekspor Manufaktur Mengalami Penurunan

 

 

Industri manufaktur menjadi sektor industri yang terkena dampak kelesuan ekonomi global. Penurunan aktivitas ekonomi di belahan dunia lain mempengaruhi daya belinya yang berujung penurunan ekspor manufaktur dari Indonesia. Hariyadi Sukamdani, Ketua Umum Asosiasi Pengusaha Indonesia (Apindo) bilang, perekonomian global masih mengganjal laju ekspor Indonesia. “Kondisi global belum membaik,” kata Hariyadi .

 

Tak hanya di semester pertama saja, tekanan terhadap ekspor berpeluang terjadi di semester kedua tahun ini karena efek Inggris keluar dari keanggotaan Uni Eropa. “Kalau ekspor saya tidak begitu yakin ada kenaikan,” ujarnya.

 

Produk manufaktur yang terancam turun akibat efek keluarnya Inggris dari Uni Eropa itu adalah garmen dan tekstil. “Beberapa item seperti garmen akan turun sedikit sebagai efek psikologis isu British Exit (Brexit). Permintaannya turun tetapi tidak akan banyak,” jelas Hariyadi.

 

Namun, pelemahan ekspor diproyeksikan akan diisi kenaikan penjualan tekstil di dalam negeri pasca kebijakan tax amnesty alias pengampunan pajak.

 

Untuk diketahui, paruh pertama 2016, ekspor tekstil naik tipis. BPS mencatat, ekspor pakaian jadi bukan rajutan sepanjang semester satu 2016 mencapai US$ 2,07 miliar, naik 3,68% dibanding tahun lalu dengan ekspor US$ 2 miliar.

 

Setelah tekstil, ekspor yang terancam kendur di periode kedua tahun ini adalah bubur kertas (pulp). Pada periode pertama 2016, ekspor pulp turun 6%. Liana Bratasida, Executive Director Asosiasi Pulp dan Kertas Indonesia (APKI) bilang, penurunan ekspor karena pelemahan permintaan global. “Ekonomi global yang lesu ikut mempengaruhi ekspor,” kata Liana.

 

Selain itu, ada hambatan perdagangan seperti pemberlakuan bea masuk anti dumping di negara tujuan ekspor. “Yang terbaru ada tuduhan dumping dan boikot produk kertas Indonesia,” kata Liana.

 

Setelah kertas, produk ekspor yang turun paruh pertama tahun 2016 adalah besi dan baja turun 9% di paruh pertama tahun 2016.

 

Warih Andang Tjahjono, Wakil Presiden Direktur PT Toyota Motor Manufacturing Indonesia (TMMIN) memperkirakan, tahun ini ekspor otomotif akan naik jika harga minyak dunia membaik. “Terutama ekspor ke Timur Tengah, untuk Fortuner, Innova, dan Vios,” katanya

 

 
		
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