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Home arrow Latest News arrow Apsyfi: Polyester Staple Fiber (PSF) Consumption in Indonesia Improved

Apsyfi: Polyester Staple Fiber (PSF) Consumption in Indonesia Improved PDF Print E-mail
Written by Maizer   
Tuesday, 26 July 2016

Executive Director of the Indonesian Synthetic Fiber Producers Association (Apsyfi) Redma Wirawasta said consumption of polyester fiber or polyester staple fiber (PSF) in Indonesia immediately improved after the imposition of anti-dumping duties in the quarter II / 2016.


Production of synthetic fibers began to escalate due to the imposition of anti-dumping duties for the textile raw material.


Synthetic fiber factory in the country producing 180,000 tonnes of polyester fiber in the second quarter / 2016, an increase of production in the first quarter / 2016 of 120,000 tons of polyester fiber.


PSF production volume of 300,000 tonnes in the first half / 2016 is higher than 200,000 tons of PSF produced in the first half of 2015.


"It seems to fiber is pretty good, better than the first quarter / 2016. There is a rise in demand in the last months, at the end of the quarter II / 2016. This is because the anti-dumping came into force, "said Redma.


The government imposed Anti-Dumping Duty (BMAD) for PSF products from India, China and Taiwan through the Minister of Finance No. 73/2016, published in late April.


PSF imports from India amounted to 5.82% BMAD subject -16.67%, Chinese products get BMAD rate of 13% -16.1%, while tariffs for products of PSF from Taiwan is 28.47%.


The additional tax is an extension of a similar BMAD which is valid for five years from 2011. Anti-Dumping Committee of Indonesia assess the volume of imports of PSF third country of origin continues to increase towards the end of the imposition of BMAD.


The volume of imports of PSF into the country rose in the last three years is 62 568 tonnes in 2013, rising to 70 288 tons in 2014 and as many as 66 736 tonnes in 2015.


"BMAD was only effective on May-June after being cut by the end of 2015. This is quite hamper imports and encourage textile manufacturers began to use local fiber. In addition, industrial demand spinning again pretty good "said Redma.


He said the slowdown in the global economy that creates the conditions oversupply in the world market makes the upstream textile industry in Indonesia continued to be pounded by imported products.






The government, he said, must have a comprehensive policy to protect the structure of textile industry and textile products from upstream to downstream. Or between the downstream industries dependent on imported products will be difficult to adjust production with market demand shifts increasingly fast.


The growth of the textile industry's dependence on imports seen from the average of textile imports rose by 19.9% ​​in the last five years compared with exports only rose 6.8%. As for the domestic textile consumption actually rose 18.3%.


"Do not let the industry structure more porous. The industry is right there from upstream to downstream. If the downstream continue to import, long closed upstream industry, whereas imports of raw materials for the industrial fabric is difficult to adapt, "said Redma.


Chairman of the Indonesian Textile Association (API) Ade Sudrajat said the development of import and export of textiles and textile products directly related to the competitiveness of the industry. Imports of industrial products in the upstream rose more sharply than imports of products in the downstream, while the export volume in the upstream industry slumped more sharply than exports in more downstream industries.


BPS data is processed Ministry of Industry shows the export value of garment industry slumped 0.25% from US $ 1.81 billion in the first quarter / 2015 to US $ 1.8 billion in the first quarter / 2016.



Apsyfi: Konsumsi Polyester Staple Fiber (PSF) di Indonesia Meningkat



Direktur Eksekutif Asosiasi Produsen Serat Sintetis Indonesia (Apsyfi) Redma Wirawasta mengatakan konsumsi serat poliester atau polyester staple fiber (PSF) di Indonesia langsung meningkat setelah pemberlakuan bea masuk anti-dumping di kuartal II/2016.


Produksi serat sintetis mulai terdongkrak akibat pemberlakuan bea masuk anti-dumping bagi bahan baku tekstil tersebut.


Pabrik serat sintentis di Tanah Air memproduksi 180.000 ton serat poliester pada kuartal II/2016, naik dari produksi pada kuartal I/2016 sebanyak 120.000 ton serat poliester.


Volume produksi 300.000 ton PSF pada semester I/2016 lebih tinggi dari 200.000 ton PSF yang dihasilkan pada paruh pertama 2015.


“Sepertinya untuk serat lumayan bagus, lebih baik dari kuartal I/2016. Ada kenaikan permintaan pada bulan-bulan ter akhir, di akhir kuartal II/2016. Ini karena anti-dumping mulai berlaku,” kata Redma.


Pemerintah menerapkan Bea Masuk Anti-Dumping (BMAD) bagi produk PSF asal India, China dan Taiwan melalui Peraturan Menteri Keuangan No. 73/2016 yang terbit pada akhir April.


Impor PSF asal India dikenai BMAD sebesar 5,82%—16,67%, produk asal China mendapatkan tarif BMAD 13%—16,1%, sedangkan tarif bagi produk PSF asal Taiwan adalah 28,47%.


Pajak tambahan tersebut adalah perpanjangan dari BMAD serupa yang berlaku selama lima tahun mulai 2011. Komite Anti- Dumping Indonesia menilai volume impor PSF asal ketiga negara masih terus meningkat menjelang masa akhir pengenaan BMAD.


Volume impor PSF ke Tanah Air naik dalam tiga tahun terakhir adalah 62.568 ton pada 2013, naik menjadi 70.288 ton pada 2014 dan sebanyak 66.736 ton pada 2015.


“BMAD itu baru berlaku efektif pada Mei—Juni setelah diputus pada akhir 2015. Ini lumayan menghambat impor dan mendorong produsen tekstil mulai pakai serat lokal. Di samping itu, permintaan industri spinning lagi lumayan bagus” kata Redma.


Dia mengatakan perlambatan ekonomi global yang menciptakan kondisi kelebihan pasok di pasar dunia membuat industri hulu tekstil di Indonesia terus digempur oleh produk impor.






Pemerintah, menurutnya, harus memiliki kebijakan komprehensif untuk melindungi struktur industri tekstil dan produk tekstil dari hulu sampai hilir. Industri hilir atau antara yang bergantung kepada produk impor akan kesulitan berproduksi menyesuaikan dengan pergeseran permintaan pasar yang semakin cepat.


Pertumbuhan ketergantungan industri TPT terhadap impor terlihat dari rata-rata impor TPT yang naik 19,9% dalam lima tahun terakhir dibandingkan dengan ekspor yang hanya naik 6,8%. Adapun konsumsi TPT di dalam negeri justru melonjak 18,3%.


“Jangan sampai struktur industri semakin keropos. Industri ini kan ada dari hulu hingga hilir. Jika hilir terus impor, lama-lama industri hulu tutup, padahal impor bahan baku buat industri kain sulit beradaptasi,” kata Redma.


Ketua Asosiasi Pertekstilan Indonesia (API) Ade Sudrajat mengatakan perkembangan impor dan ekspor industri tekstil dan produk tekstil berhubungan langsung dengan daya saing industri. Impor produk industri di hulu naik lebih tajam dibandingkan impor produk di hilir, sedangkan volume ekspor industri di hulu merosot lebih tajam dibandingkan ekspor produk di industri yang lebih hilir.


Data BPS yang diolah Kementerian Perindustrian menunjukkan nilai ekspor industri garmen merosot 0,25% dari US$1,81 miliar pada kuartal I/2015 menjadi US$1,8 miliar pada kuartal I/2016.

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