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Home arrow Latest News arrow Indonesian Textile Industry Must Improve Competitiveness and Efficiency


				
			
			
Indonesian Textile Industry Must Improve Competitiveness and Efficiency PDF Print E-mail
Written by Maizer   
Wednesday, 07 December 2016

The export value of textiles and textile products (TPT) Indonesia is far less compared to Vietnam and Bangladesh. Many reasons TPT Indonesia lost competitiveness compared to the two countries, such as the high cost of labor, energy, and tax rates.

 

Chairman of the Indonesia Textiles Association (API), Ade Sudrajat Usman, said that for decades the textile industry no intensive attentions. . In fact, the textile is a labor-intensive sector which employs many workers.

 

"Previously-used complacent government for relying on commodities whose prices again good. The textile industry is not glimpsed, we are not a priority compared to industrial commodities, while we labor intensive, "said Ade, Wednesday (7/12).

 

By now even the government has not paid much attention to the textile industry. Discount on the gas price the government does not apply to the textile sector, so any discounts on electricity as promised by the government in the economic policy package volume III. "Textile industry not enter the right incentives to cheap gas. Discounts electricity is also not the way for many of the conditions. Because the gas is expensive, so follow-up electricity is expensive, "said Ade.

 

Do not stop there, said Ade, the domestic textile businesses also quite difficulty to compete with textile imports flooding the domestic market, including illegal textile imports. "Already we're not efficient, imports entering too many. The Indonesian public knowledge of textile products imported, would KW (quality) 1, going 2 KW, 3 KW want everything bought, no matter the country or imported. Let KW, selling used clothes just bought, "said Ade.

 

Ade added, in addition to losing efficient, low competitiveness of Indonesia's TPT also happen because the narrowness of the market rather than the two states. Both Vietnam and Bangladesh benefited with many free trade agreements with a number of countries. "We want a lot of production, but the market is a little bit, ya can not plus-plus, production goods cant be marketed . Differences with Bangladesh or Vietnam, the broader market, "said Ade.

 

Through the agreement of free trade agreements, TPT both countries freely enter into many countries because of import duties exempted. "We're more expensive production costs, limited market. A free trade agreement on textiles is very important, "said Ade.

 

 

Earlier, President Joko Widodo (Jokowi) calls the export value of textiles and textile products (TPT) Indonesia lags behind Vietnam and Bangladesh to reach the US market (US) and Europe, which each hold 3.62% of global exports and 4, 05%. While Indonesia is only 1.56%. "Related to the global market, we are still inferior to Vietnam and Bangladesh in the European and American markets," said Jokowi.

 

Jokowi explained, exports of textiles and textile products year to date (ytd), ie from January to October, 2016 fell 4.3% compared to the same period last year. While Vietnam and Bangladesh still growing. "We still lose as Vietnam and Bangladesh which each hold 3.62% and 4:05% world textile market," he said

 

Industri Tekstil Indonesia Harus Tingkatkan Daya Saing Dan Efisiensi

 

Nilai ekspor Tekstil dan Produk Tekstil (TPT) Indonesia kalah jauh dibandingkan dengan Vietnam dan Bangladesh. Banyak sebab daya saing TPT Indonesia kalah dibanding kedua negara tersebut, seperti mahalnya upah tenaga kerja, energi, serta tarif pajak.

 

Ketua Umum Asosiasi Per¬te¬kstilan Indonesia (API), Ade Sudrajat Usman, mengungkapkan selama puluhan tahun industri tekstil seolah dianaktirikan. Padahal, tekstil merupakan sektor padat karya yang menyerap banyak tenaga kerja.

 

“Dulu-dulu pemerintah terlena karena mengandalkan komoditas yang harganya lagi bagus. Industri tekstil nggak dilirik, kita bukan industri prioritas dibanding komoditas, padahal kita padat karya,” jelas Ade, Rabu (7/12).

 

Saat sekarang pun pemerintah belum menaruh banyak perhatian pada industri tekstil. Diskon harga gas dari pemerintah tidak berlaku untuk sektor tekstil, begitu pun diskon listrik seperti yang dijanjikan pemerintah dalam paket kebijakan ekonomi jilid III. “Tekstil kan nggak masuk industri yang dapat insentif gas murah. Diskon listrik juga nggak jalan karena banyak syaratnya. Karena gasnya mahal, listriknya jadi ikutan mahal,” ucap Ade.

 

Tak berhenti di situ, lanjut Ade, pelaku usaha tekstil dalam negeri juga cukup kepayahan bersaing dengan TPT impor yang membanjiri pasar domestik, termasuk impor TPT ilegal. “Sudah kita tidak efisien, impornya yang masuk juga banyak. Masyarakat di Indonesia pengetahuan tentang produk tekstil impor, mau KW (kualitas) 1, mau KW 2, mau KW 3 semuanya dibeli, nggak peduli itu dalam negeri atau impor. Jangankan KW, baju bekas saja laris dibeli,” tandas Ade.

 

Ade menambahkan, selain kalah efisien, rendahnya daya saing TPT Indonesia juga ter¬jadi karena sempitnya pasar ketimbang dua negara tersebut. Baik Vietnam maupun Bangladesh diuntungkan dengan banyaknya perjanjian perdagangan bebas dengan sejumlah negara. “Kita mau produksi banyak, tapi pasarnya sedikit, ya nggak bisa ditambah-tambah, mau dikemanakan barangnya. Beda dengan Bangladesh atau Vietnam, pasarnya lebih luas,” jelas Ade.

 

Lewat kesepakatan perjanjian perdagangan bebas, TPT kedua negara tersebut leluasa masuk ke banyak negara lantaran dibebaskan bea masuk. “Kita sudah biaya produksinya lebih mahal, pasarnya terbatas. Perjanjian perdagangan bebas untuk tekstil sangat penting,” ujar Ade.

 

Sebelumnya, Presiden Joko Widodo (Jokowi) menyebut nilai ekspor Tekstil dan Produk Tekstil (TPT) Indonesia tertinggal dibandingkan Vietnam dan Bangladesh untuk menuju pasar Amerika Serikat (AS) dan Eropa, yang masing-masing menguasai pasar ekspor dunia 3,62% dan 4,05%. Sementara Indonesia hanya 1,56%. “Terkait dengan pasar global, kita masih kalah dengan Vietnam dan Bangladesh di pasar Eropa dan Amerika,” ujar Jokowi.

 

Jokowi menjelaskan, ekspor tekstil dan produk tekstil secara year to date (ytd), yaitu Januari-Oktober 2016 turun 4,3% dibandingkan periode yang sama tahun lalu. Sementara Vietnam dan Bangladesh masih tetap tumbuh. “Kita masih kalah sama Vietnam dan Bangladesh yang masing-masing menguasai 3,62% dan 4.05% pasar TPT dunia,” ungkapnya.

 

 
		
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