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APSyFI: The national textile industry is headed for a trade deficit, 2018 exports grow 1% and imports grow 14% (yoy).--IKATSI: The growth of the national textile industry is still hampered by floods of imports, Indonesia needs a clothing security law.


	
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Home arrow Latest News arrow Businessman Critics Expensive Energy Costs & Many Charges


				
			
			
Businessman Critics Expensive Energy Costs & Many Charges PDF Print E-mail
Written by Maizer   
Tuesday, 13 December 2016

President Jokowi highlights the continued decline in the value of exports of textiles and textile products (TPT). Indonesian Textile Association (API) to assess the cause of the high cost of production becomes difficult competing local textile industry.

 

Chairman of API Ade Sudrajat said many constraints faced by textile entrepreneurs to increase its exports. In addition to the sluggish global economy, high electricity tariffs and gas prices make the cost of production to swell.

 

"For the energy we rate it very important, until now electricity tariffs and gas prices are still a burden. And there has been no decrease when a huge influence," said Ade.

 

According to him, gas for the textile industry used as raw material and energy, which contributes nearly 22 percent of all production costs. Therefore, a reduction in energy costs will have a direct impact on production costs.

 

Moreover, Ade said, the difficulty of the textile industry to compete in the global market is the amount of taxation charged to employers. As a result, the competitiveness of textile products we lost Vietnam and Bangladesh.

 

Currently, Vietnam and Bangladesh respectively dominate the world export market 3.62 percent and 4.05 percent. While Indonesia is only 1.56 percent. They are more a step forward.

 

"In Indonesia the tax a lot, especially the VAT (Value Added Tax). From the cotton is already VAT, spinning subject to VAT, sold finished fabric VAT-able again, already a product be subject again to VAT. That is just the VAT only, from upstream to downstream a lot of taxes, "he complained.

 

He also complained that the Indonesian government did not have good market access to Europe and America. So the industry who want to sell goods should be subject to tariffs of up to 30 percent. "Whereas our competitors neighboring countries or it can be free to sell there without tariffs," he said.

 

Ade said, the textile industry shortage of human resources suitably qualified and competitive. In fact, government programs do not maximized job training to meet the needs of this industry.

 

Lastly, he said, is still widespread circulation of illegal textiles. Product availability ilegal it erodes national textile business.

 

 

Pengusaha Kritisi Mahalnya Biaya Energi & Banyak Pungutan

 

 

Presiden Jokowi menyoroti terus merosotnya nilai ekspor tekstil dan produk tekstil (TPT). Asosiasi Pertekstilan Indonesia (API) menilai tingginya biaya produksi menjadi penyebab sulit bersaingnya industri tekstil lokal.

 

Ketua Umum API Ade Sudrajat mengatakan, banyak kendala yang dihadapi pengusaha tekstil untuk meningkatkan ekspornya. Selain karena lesunya ekonomi global, tingginya tarif listrik dan harga gas membuat biaya produksi membengkak.

 

"Untuk energi kita menilai itu sangat penting, sampai sekarang tarif listrik dan harga gas masih menjadi beban. Dan belum ada penurunan padahal pengaruhnya sangat besar," kata Ade .

 

Menurut dia, gas bagi industri TPT digunakan sebagai ba¬han baku maupun energi, yang berkontribusi hampir 22 persen terhadap seluruh biaya produksi. Karena itu, pengurangan biaya energi akan berdampak langsung pada ongkos produksi.

 

Selain itu, Ade mengungkap¬kan, sulitnya industri tekstil bersaing di pasar global adalah banyaknya pungutan pajak yang dibebankan kepada pengusaha. Akibatnya, produk tekstil kita daya saing kalah dari Vietnam dan Bangladesh.

 

Saat ini, Vietnam dan Bangladesh masing-masing menguasai pasar ekspor dunia 3,62 persen dan 4,05 persen. Sementara Indonesia hanya 1,56 persen. Mereka lebih maju selangkah.

 

"Di Indonesia pajaknya ban¬yak, terutama PPN (Pajak Per¬tambahan Nilai). Dari kapasnya sudah PPN, pemintalan kena PPN, dijual jadi kain kena PPN lagi, sudah produk jadi kena lagi PPN. Itu baru PPN saja, dari hulu ke hilirnya banyak sekali pajaknya," keluhnya.

 

Dia juga mengeluhkan, pe¬merintah Indonesia tidak punya akses pasar yang bagus untuk Eropa dan Amerika. Sehingga industri yang ingin menjual barang harus dikenakan tarif hingga 30 persen. "Padahal negara tetangga atau pesaing kita itu bisa bebas menjual di sana tanpa tarif," tuturnya.

 

Ade mengatakan, industri tekstil kekurangan sumber daya manusia yang sesuai kualifikasi dan berdaya saing. Bahkan, program pemerintah dengan melakukan latihan kerja belum maksimal memenuhi kebutuhan industri ini.

 

Terakhir, kata dia, masih maraknya peredaran tekstil ilegal. Keberadaan produk ile¬gal itu menggerus bisnis tekstil nasional.

 
		
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