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Home arrow Latest News arrow Government Will Prioritize Two FTA Next Year

Government Will Prioritize Two FTA Next Year PDF Print E-mail
Written by Maizer   
Thursday, 29 December 2016

The government will prioritize the negotiation of two free trade or free trade agreement (FTA), the Indonesia-Australia Comprehensive Economic Partnership Agreement (CEPA IA) and Indonesia-European Union CEPA, in the next year. According Harjanto, two FTA could develop a national industrial market access. Negotiations with the European Union (EU) is expected to be completed in two years, so that Indonesia can more quickly get the preferential tariff.


"We prepared three strategies to deal with the negative impact of the two FTAs ​​to some sub-sectors, namely secure the domestic market, expanding the Indonesian National Standard (SNI), and consistently implement a program to improve the use of domestic products (P3DN)," said the Director General of Security access Development and International Industry Ministry of Industry (Ministry of Industry), Harjanto in Jakarta, Wednesday (28/12).



"The point is we have to be faster, because in some industrial sectors, such as textiles and textile products (TPT), the problem is getting better tariff preferences. Neighboring countries are already having an FTA with the traditional markets, the result is more optimal market access," he said.


Harjanto said, in the negotiation process most states survive with their own interests. Therefore, the level of development of each country is different, especially for developing countries like Indonesia.


"Developing countries tend to have many limitations than developed countries. For example, in the case of Indonesia-European Union CEPA, Indonesia industry will get the export tariff preferences, on the other hand, Indonesia is also threatened by the invasion of imported goods," said Harjanto.


Harjanto added in the FTA negotiations, the trade balance is not the only consideration. Indonesia could benefit from the investment side, the utilization of natural resources (SDA) and the exchange of technology.


"For example, Australia, the country has natural resources that may be quite a lot compared in Indonesia, for example raw sugar. This can be exploited food and beverage industry, so we import products from outside, and then we woke up the value added in the country," said Harjanto.



Pemerintah Akan Prioritaskan Dua FTA Tahun Depan



Pemerintah akan memprioritaskan negosiasi dua perdagangan bebas atau free trade agreement (FTA), yakni Indonesia-Australia Comprehensive Economic Partnership Agreement (IA CEPA) dan Indonesia-European Union CEPA, pada tahun depan.


"Kami menyiapkan tiga strategi untuk menghadapi dampak negatif dua FTA itu terhadap beberapa subsektor industri, yakni mengamankan pasar dalam negeri, memperluas penerapan Standar Nasional Indonesia (SNI), dan konsisten menerapkan program peningkatan penggunan produk dalam negeri (P3DN)," kata Direktur Jenderal Ketahanan dan Pengembangan Akses Industri Internasional Kementerian Perindustrian(Kemenperin), Harjanto di Jakarta, Rabu (28/12).


Menurut Harjanto, dua FTA bisa mengembangkan akses pasar industri nasional. Negosiasi dengan Uni Eropa (UE) diharapkan dapat selesai dalam dua tahun, sehingga Indonesia bisa lebih cepat mendapatkan preferensi tarif.


"Intinya kita harus lebih cepat, karena di beberapa sektor industri, seperti tekstil dan produk tekstil (TPT), permasalahannya adalah mendapatkan preferensi tarif lebih baik. Negara tetangga yang sudah menjalin FTA dengan pasar tradisional, hasilnya akses pasar lebih optimal," ujarnya.


Harjanto menuturkan, dalam proses perundingan kebanyakan negara bertahan dengan kepentingannya masing-masing. Sebab, tingkat perkembangan masing-masing negara berbeda, terutama untuk negara berkembang seperti Indonesia.


"Negara berkembang cenderung memiliki banyak keterbatasan ketimbang negara maju. Contohnya, dalam kasus Indonesia-European Union CEPA, industri Indonesia akan mendapatkan preferensi tarif ekspor, di sisi lain, Indonesia juga terancam oleh serbuan barang impor," tutur Harjanto.


Harjanto menambahkan, dalam perundingan FTA, neraca perdagangan bukan satu-satunya pertimbangan. Indonesia bisa mengambil manfaat dari sisi investasi, pemanfaatan sumber daya alam (SDA) maupun pertukaran teknologi.


"Misalnya dengan Australia, negara itu memiliki SDA yang mungkin cukup banyak dibandingkan di Indonesia, misalnya raw sugar. Ini bisa dimanfaatkan industri makanan dan minuman, jadi kita impor produk itu dari luar, lalu kita bangun nilai tambahnya di dalam negeri," ungkap Harjanto.

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