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Home arrow Latest News arrow The fate of Yarn Manufacturers


				
			
			
The fate of Yarn Manufacturers PDF Print E-mail
Written by Maizer   
Tuesday, 17 January 2017

Chairman of the Association of Fiber and Filament Yarn Indonesia (APSyFI) Ravi Shankar hope, this year did not grind import flows yarn products in the country. "The domestic industry has long formed a vertical value chain that can be destroyed if the rate of imports can not be arrested," Ravi said in Jakarta, yesterday.

 

Therefore, he asked the government to give serious attention to the critical condition of yarn and textile industry in the country. Appropriate regulation is expected that this strategic industry can run smoothly.

 

"Textiles and textile products (TPT) has the capability to rapidly increase, but would have to be supported by strict regulations to protect," said Ravi.

 

Currently, says Ravi, textile consumption while not huge but tends to grow so that they can drive the domestic industry. However, it is unfortunate if the growth in demand was enjoyed by imported products.

 

Moreover, the government's National Industrial Development Master Plan (RPIN) 2015- 2035 put TPT as a national priority. "The price difference is huge making imported products dominate the market. This is not acceptable because the amount is contrary to business logic," said Ravi

 

Secretary General APSyFI Redma Wirawasta Gita said that the amount of imports of fabric in the period 2015-2016 is above 50 percent. In fact, for knitted fabrics imports rose 87 percent.

 

Redma, imported fabrics can only be done by the manufacturer as a raw material and are not transferable. This is in accordance with the Regulation of the Minister of Trade Regulation No.85 Year 2015 on Imports of Textile and Clothing.

 

However, he guessed, many importers to sell their raw materials. Though permission bagged a permit manufacturers. "There are about 50 importers, but the 10 largest are already importing about 40 percent of total imports. Total imports could be up to 87,000 tons," he said.

 

Redma added that the current national production utilization for yarn and fabric has been under 50 percent. Whereas in the first half of 2016, the utility recorded fiber plant still 70 percent.

 

Moreover, the entry of imported goods penetration reaches 40 percent of the consumption of 1.3 million tons of spun and filament yarns. It was compounded by the price of imported goods cheaper by up to 25 percent of local goods.

 

The same thing is said to be the Secretary General of the Indonesian Textile Association (API) Ernovian G Ismy. According to him, the textile industry and textile products pessimism can grow on national economic growth this year, in the face of global economic uncertainty and challenges in the domestic market.

 

"TPT can grow 1-2 percent is good for this year. And once can grow up to 9 percent," said Ernov.

 

President Director of PT Star Petrochem Tbk Asep Mulyana said yarn export markets and domestic is not good. "Sales to the export market is not good in the last two years," he explained.

 

One of sluggish export destination is the Middle East. Therefore, the company was forced to focus on sales to the local market to fill the export market sluggishness. "The bottom line is this year is local,"

 

Nasib Produsen Benang

 

 

Ketua Umum Asosiasi Pro­dusen Serat dan Benang Fila­men Indonesia (APSyFI) Ravi Shankar berharap, tahun ini arus impor tidak menggilas produk benang dalam negeri. "Industri dalam negeri sudah lama mem­bentuk rantai nilai vertikal yang dapat hancur jika laju impor tidak dapat ditahan," kata Ravi di Jakarta, kemarin.

 

Karena itu, dia meminta, pe­merintah untuk memberikan perhatian serius terhadap kon­disi kritis industri benang dan tekstil dalam negeri. Regulasi yang tepat sangat diharapkan agar industri strategis ini dapat berjalan lancar.

 

"Tekstil dan produk tekstil (TPT) punya kemampuan un­tuk meningkat pesat, tapi tentu harus didukung oleh regulasi yang tegas untuk memproteksi," kata Ravi.

 

Saat ini, kata Ravi, konsumsi TPT meski tidak besar tapi cenderung bertumbuh sehingga masih dapat menggerakkan industri dalam negeri. Namun, sangat disayangkan jika pertum­buhan permintaan itu dinikmati oleh produk impor.

 

Apalagi, pemerintah dalam Rencana Induk Pembangunan Industri Nasional (RPIN) 2015- 2035 menempatkan TPT sebagai prioritas nasional. "Selisih harga yang besar membuat produk impor menguasai pasar. Ini tidak dapat diterima karena besaran­nya bertentangan dengan logika bisnis," tukas Ravi

 

Sekretaris Jenderal APSyFI Redma Gita Wirawasta mengata­kan, angka impor kain pada peri­ode 2015-2016 berada di atas 50 persen. Bahkan, untuk kain rajut impornya naik 87 persen.

 

Menurut Redma, impor kain hanya dapat dilakukan oleh produsen sebagai bahan baku dan tidak dapat dipindah tan­gankan. Hal itu sesuai dengan Peraturan Menteri Perdagangan Permendag No.85 Tahun 2015 tentang Ketentuan Impor Tekstil dan Produk Tekstil.

 

Namun, dia menduga, ban­yak importir menjual bahan bakunya. Padahal izin yang dikantongi adalah izin produsen. "Ada sekitar 50 importir, tapi 10 terbesar sudah mengimpor seki­tar 40 persen dari total impor. Total impor bisa sampai 87.000 ton," katanya.

 

Redma menambahkan, saat ini utilisasi produksi nasional untuk benang dan kain sudah berada di bawah 50 persen. Padahal pada semester I-2016, utilitas pabrik serat tercatat masih 70 persen.

 

Selain itu, penetrasi barang impor yang masuk mencapai 40 persen dari konsumsi sebesar 1,3 juta ton benang pintal dan fila­men. Hal itu diperparah dengan harga barang impor yang lebih murah hingga 25 persen dari barang lokal.

 

Hal senada dikatakan Sekjen Asosiasi Pertekstilan Indonesia (API) Ernovian G Ismy. Menurut dia, pelaku industri tekstil dan produk tekstil pesimis dapat tumbuh di atas pertumbuhan ekonomi nasional tahun ini, kar­ena menghadapi ketidakpastian ekonomi global dan tantangan di pasar domestik.

 

"TPT dapat tumbuh 1-2 persen sudah bagus untuk tahun ini. Pa­dahal dulu bisa tumbuh hingga 9 persen," kata Ernov.

 

Direktur Utama PT Star Petro­chem Tbk Asep Mulyana men­gatakan, pasar benang ekspor dan dalam negeri sedang tidak bagus. "Penjualan untuk pasar ekspor sedang tidak bagus dalam dua tahun terakhir," terangnya.

 

Salah satu negara tujuan ek­spor yang lesu adalah Timur Tengah. Karena itu, perseroan terpaksa memfokuskan pen­jualan ke pasar lokal untuk mengisi kelesuan pasar ekspor. "Intinya memang tahun ini masih lokal," katanya

 
		
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