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Downstream Will Push Labor Absorption PDF Print E-mail
Written by Maizer   
Thursday, 16 February 2017

Downstream in the country will push employment to unemployment and increase state revenues, as well as economic inequalities will decline because of local revenue (PAD) in the source of raw commodities will increase. However, there are still obstacles in the downstream, among others, lack of synergy among ministries.

 

"There should be a synergy between the Ministry of Finance, Ministry of Trade, Ministry of Industry, BKPM, and give certainty of land and infrastructure for entrepreneurs. Surely they want to cultivate their products and exported in the form of downstream products. For example, in Sei Mangkei, the infrastructure has yet to complete as well," said Heri ,

 

For the addition of new export markets, said Heri, the government could be 'extended' to Brazil, Pakistan, Turkey, and Russia. Currently, Indonesia has been exporting a number of commodities to these countries, but is still small so that the scheme of bilateral cooperation should be intensified to those countries.

 

"It also could be to Africa, which is currently building. Countries there desperately need food, clothing, and medicine. This is an opportunity for Indonesia, "he said.

 

To boost exports, Indonesia can also take advantage of protectionism that will run the United States, while the US trade deficit with Indonesia the possibility it was evaluated by the US.

 

"However, the evaluation is carried out for products that use high-tech, because the US actually had left-tech products is low and the results of labor-intensive, such as textiles, leather products and footwear. This means that Indonesia does not need to worry, this becomes a chance Indonesia to fill the US market for tech products is low. Live Indonesia must maintain competitiveness. so far, Indonesia has had to deal with Vietnam and Malaysia for export of textiles, but with the US out of the deal TPP Indonesia can compete against them in the US, "he said . downstream in the country will encourage employment so that unemployment decreases, state revenues increased, as well as economic inequalities will decline because of local revenue (PAD) in the source of raw commodities will increase. However, there are still obstacles in the downstream were, among others, lack of synergy antarkementerian.

 

"There should be a synergy between the Ministry of Finance, Ministry of Trade, Ministry of Industry, BKPM, and give certainty of land and infrastructure for entrepreneurs. Surely they want to cultivate their products and exported in the form of downstream products. For example, in Sei Mangkei, the infrastructure has yet to complete as well," said Heri ,

 

For the addition of new export markets, said Heri, the government could be 'extended' to Brazil, Pakistan, Turkey, and Russia. Currently, Indonesia has been exporting a number of commodities to these countries, but is still small so that the scheme of bilateral cooperation should be intensified to those countries.

 

"It also could be to Africa, which is currently building. Countries there desperately need food, clothing, and medicine. This is an opportunity for Indonesia, "he said.

 

To boost exports, Indonesia can also take advantage of protectionism that will run the United States, while the US trade deficit with Indonesia the possibility it was evaluated by the US.

 

"However, the evaluation is carried out for products that use high-tech, because the US actually had left-tech products is low and the results of labor-intensive, such as textiles, leather products and footwear. This means that Indonesia does not need to worry, this becomes a chance Indonesia to fill the US market for tech products is low. Live Indonesia must maintain competitiveness. so far, Indonesia has had to deal with Vietnam and Malaysia for export of textiles, but with the US out of the deal TPP Indonesia can compete against them in the US, "he said ,

 

 

Hilirisasi akan Dorong Penyerapan Tenaga Kerja

 

 

 

Hilirisasi di Tanah Air akan mendorong penyerapan tenaga kerja sehingga pengangguran berkurang, penerimaan negara meningkat, serta ketimpangan ekonomi akan menurun karena pendapatan asli daerah (PAD) di sumber komoditas mentah akan meningkat. Namun, masih ada kendala dalam hilirisasi itu, antara lain kurangnya sinergi antarkementerian.

 

"Harusnya ada sinergi antara Kementerian Keuangan, Kemendag, Kemenperin, BKPM, dan memberi kepastian lahan dan infrastruktur bagi pengusaha. Pasti mereka mau mengolah produknya dan mengekspor dalam bentuk produk hilir. Contohnya di Sei Mangkei, infrastrukturnya hingga kini belum lengkap juga,” kata Heri.

 

Untuk penambahan pasar ekspor baru, kata Heri, pemerintah bisa ’merambah’ ke Brasil, Pakistan, Turki, dan Rusia. Saat ini, Indonesia sudah mengekspor sejumlah komoditas ke negara-negara tersebut, namun masih kecil sehingga skema kerja sama bilateral harus lebih diintensifkan ke negara-negara itu.

 

“Juga bisa ke Afrika yang saat ini sedang membangun. Negara-negara di sana sangat membutuhkan sandang, pangan, dan obat-obatan. Ini peluang bagi Indonesia,” kata dia.

 

Untuk menggenjot ekspor, Indonesia juga bisa memanfaatkan proteksionisme yang akan dijalankan Amerika Serikat, meski AS mengalami defisit perdagangan dengan Indonesia yang kemungkinan hal ini dievaluasi oleh AS.

 

"Namun, evaluasi hanya dilakukan untuk produk yang menggunakan teknologi tinggi, karena AS justru sudah meninggalkan produk-produk berteknologi rendah dan hasil padat karya, seperti tekstil, produk kulit, dan alas kaki. Artinya, Indonesia tidak perlu khawatir, ini justru jadi peluang Indonesia untuk mengisi pasar AS untuk produk berteknologi rendah. Tinggal Indonesia harus menjaga daya saing. Selama ini, Indonesia memang harus berhadapan dengan Vietnam dan Malaysia untuk ekspor tekstil, namun dengan AS keluar dari kesepakatan TPP maka Indonesia bisa bersaing melawan mereka di AS,” papar dia. Hilirisasi di Tanah Air akan mendorong penyerapan tenaga kerja sehingga pengangguran berkurang, penerimaan negara meningkat, serta ketimpangan ekonomi akan menurun karena pendapatan asli daerah (PAD) di sumber komoditas mentah akan meningkat. Namun, masih ada kendala dalam hilirisasi itu, antara lain kurangnya sinergi antarkementerian.

 

"Harusnya ada sinergi antara Kementerian Keuangan, Kemendag, Kemenperin, BKPM, dan memberi kepastian lahan dan infrastruktur bagi pengusaha. Pasti mereka mau mengolah produknya dan mengekspor dalam bentuk produk hilir. Contohnya di Sei Mangkei, infrastrukturnya hingga kini belum lengkap juga,” kata Heri.

 

Untuk penambahan pasar ekspor baru, kata Heri, pemerintah bisa ’merambah’ ke Brasil, Pakistan, Turki, dan Rusia. Saat ini, Indonesia sudah mengekspor sejumlah komoditas ke negara-negara tersebut, namun masih kecil sehingga skema kerja sama bilateral harus lebih diintensifkan ke negara-negara itu.

 

“Juga bisa ke Afrika yang saat ini sedang membangun. Negara-negara di sana sangat membutuhkan sandang, pangan, dan obat-obatan. Ini peluang bagi Indonesia,” kata dia.

 

Untuk menggenjot ekspor, Indonesia juga bisa memanfaatkan proteksionisme yang akan dijalankan Amerika Serikat, meski AS mengalami defisit perdagangan dengan Indonesia yang kemungkinan hal ini dievaluasi oleh AS.

 

"Namun, evaluasi hanya dilakukan untuk produk yang menggunakan teknologi tinggi, karena AS justru sudah meninggalkan produk-produk berteknologi rendah dan hasil padat karya, seperti tekstil, produk kulit, dan alas kaki. Artinya, Indonesia tidak perlu khawatir, ini justru jadi peluang Indonesia untuk mengisi pasar AS untuk produk berteknologi rendah. Tinggal Indonesia harus menjaga daya saing. Selama ini, Indonesia memang harus berhadapan dengan Vietnam dan Malaysia untuk ekspor tekstil, namun dengan AS keluar dari kesepakatan TPP maka Indonesia bisa bersaing melawan mereka di AS,” papar dia.

 
		
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