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Home arrow Latest News arrow Textile Issuers Beware of China Sentiment


				
			
			
Textile Issuers Beware of China Sentiment PDF Print E-mail
Written by Maizer   
Monday, 20 March 2017

A textile manufacturer and the government of Indonesia is considered necessary to have a strategy to collaborate with strong and sustainable to face the sentiment of China who want to strengthen their domestic markets as a result of the population explosion in the Bamboo Curtain country.

 

Prama Yudha Amdan, Executive Assistant to the President Director of PT Asia Pacific Fibers Tbk. (POLY) said China put the brakes on investment abroad and began to return to the domestic economy. In fact, it was a step faster than forecasts, and will occur in 2020.

 

He considered the uncertainty of investment made official reason seems to be an indication that China's demographic bomb came early. Therefore, he hoped that the textile industry and textile products (TPT) is not complacent with the import of cheap raw materials.

 

"So yes, if we do not save the domestic industry now because complacent cheap imports, might we will enter the trap so a net importer of raw materials at high cost when all commodities are returning to their home country [China]," he said when contacted on Thursday ( 16.03.2017).

 

Previously, he explained that if the substitute natural fiber is polyester. Meanwhile, the production of cotton (cotton) can no longer grow in the domestic to imported raw materials. Meanwhile, for domestic polyester capacity is more than enough.

 

However, excess capacity for polyester in the domestic untapped due to cheap imports, particularly from China. Therefore, he hoped, the government has focused on the textile industry both upstream, midstream and downstream, as had been seduced by cheap international prices.

 

"The textile sector was struggling. If buying time continues, we become importers in 2025, because the company is not given incentives and support, especially in the upstream. We forecast 2030 China's excess capacity is completed, so that during this time they [the Chinese] exports back again, "he said.

 

In early December 2016, the government promised would improve trade system for the importation of raw materials TPT rated No permit is that the raw material is in excess of the amount needed.

 

Minister of Industry Airlangga Hartanto was then assess current procedures for the import of textile raw materials very easy. However, he added, there was misuse of permits for imports, thus exceeding than required.

 

"This is what we will be reset. This is our first beresin. We set the trading system, "he said at the time.

 

Meanwhile, his party would push utility plant in the country in order to reduce imports of textile products. In addition, it is also pushing to open non traditional markets such as countries in the African Region.

 

Airlangga targeting in 2017, the growth of the domestic textile mills utilities should be able to exceed 10%. The reason, he considers if it wants a growth rate high utility. Only, in the upstream lower utilization due to inferior competition.

 

The competition defeat one of them due to the treaty by a number of countries with European or US markets. "[State] other existing bilateral agreement. Competitor countries we import duties 0. We hit 10% -17.5%. This is what the future will be non-negotiable, "he said.

 

DOMESTIC ISSUES

 

Yudha revealed a potential problem in the domestic price of gas is still quite high. Besides being used for power generation, natural gas is also extracted into purified terephthalic acid (PTA) for the polyester raw material.

 

In fact, the government already has rules about the price of gas for industry maximum of US $ 6 per MMBtu. Only, Yudha revealed until now the textile industry has yet to feel the impact of a regulation.

 

"Instead of 6 dollars, seven dollars alone we are happy," he said.

 

Head of the Investment Coordinating Board (BKPM) Thomas Lembong said in a cabinet meeting in early December, the Indonesian discussed how to boost the fundamental aspects for competitiveness, especially in the textile industry.

 

According to him, there are a number of components that determine the competitiveness of the industry. First, about the price of gas. Therefore, he continued, the President Joko Widodo and CMEA very focused on the price of gas for the industry. Second, the price of electricity. This component, he added, is crucial for the production costs. Third, labor. This component not only wages but also skill levels and working hours should be further improved.

 

"We want labor productivity rises, so no base wage rises. But it can not wages rise, productivity is the same or decreased. It can not, we actually lose competitiveness, "he said.

 

 

 

Emiten Tekstil Waspadai Sentimen China

 

Emiten tekstil dan pemerintah Indonesia dinilai perlu berkolaborasi dengan memiliki strategi yang kuat dan berkelanjutan untuk menghadapi sentimen China yang ingin memperkuat pasar domestik mereka akibat ledakan populasi di Negeri Tirai Bambu.

 

Prama Yudha Amdan, Executive Assistant to President Director PT Asia Pacific Fibers Tbk. (POLY) mengatakan China mengerem investasi ke luar negeri dan mulai kembali ke ekonomi domestik. Bahkan, langkah itu lebih cepat dari prakiraannya dan akan terjadi pada 2020.

 

Dia menilai ketidakpastian investasi yang dijadikan alasan resmi agaknya menjadi indikasi kalau demographic bomb China datang lebih awal. Oleh karena itu, dia berharap agar industri tekstil dan produk tekstil (TPT) tidak terlena dengan impor bahan baku murah.

 

“Jadi ya kalau kita tidak selamatkan industri dalam negeri sekarang karena terlena impor murah, bisa-bisa kita akan masuk jebakan jadi net importer bahan baku dengan biaya tinggi pada saat semua komoditas kembali ke negara asalnya [China],” katanya saat dihubungi, Kamis (16/3/2017).

 

Sebelumnya, dia menjelaskan jika pengganti serat alam adalah polyester. Sementara, produksi kapas (cotton) sudah tidak bisa bertumbuh lagi di domestik sehingga bahan baku impor. Sementara, untuk polyester kapasitas di domestik lebih dari cukup.

 

Hanya saja, kelebihan kapasitas untuk polyester di domestik belum termanfaatkan karena impor yang murah, khususnya dari China. Oleh karena itu, dia berharap, pemerintah memiliki fokus pada industri TPT baik hulu, tengah maupun hilir, karena selama ini telah terbuai dengan harga murah internasional.

 

“Sedangkan sektor TPT sedang struggling. Kalau buying time terus, 2025 kita jadi importer, karena perusahaannya tidak diberikan insentif dan dukungan khususnya di hulu. Kita prediksi 2030 excess capacity China selesai, sehingga yang selama ini mereka [China] ekspor balik lagi,” katanya.

 

Pada awal Desember 2016, pemerintah menjanjikan bakal memperbaiki tata niaga importasi bahan baku TPT yang dinilai ada penyalahgunaan izin sehingga bahan baku tersebut melebihi dari jumlah yang dibutuhkan.

 

Menteri Perindustrian Airlangga Hartarto kala itu menilai saat ini prosedur untuk importasi bahan baku TPT sangat mudah. Hanya saja, lanjutnya, ada penyalahgunaan izin untuk impor sehingga melebihi dari yang dibutuhkan.

 

“Ini yang kita akan tata ulang. Ini kita beresin dulu. Tata niaga kita atur,” katanya kala itu.

 

Sementara itu, pihaknya bakal mendorong utilitas pabrik di dalam negeri agar menekan impor produk TPT. Selain itu, juga mendorong untuk membuka pasar-pasar non tradisional seperti negara-negara di Kawasan Afrika.

 

Airlangga menargetkan pada tahun 2017, pertumbuhan utilitas pabrik TPT domestik harus bisa melebihi 10%. Pasalnya, dia menilai jika pihaknya menginginkan angka pertumbuhan utilitas yang tinggi. Hanya saja, utilisasi di hulu lebih rendah karena kalah persaingannya.

 

Kekalahan persaingan tersebut salah satunya disebabkan karena adanya perjanjian internasional oleh sejumlah negara dengan pasar Eropa atau Amerika Serikat. “[Negara ] yang lain ada bilateral agreement. Negara pesaing kita bea masuk 0. Kita kena 10%-17,5%. Ini yang ke depan akan dinegosiasiakan,” katanya.

 

PERSOALAN DOMESTIK

 

Yudha mengungkapkan salah satu persoalan di domestik adalah harga gas yang masih cukup tinggi. Selain digunakan untuk pembangkit listrik, gas alam juga diekstraksi menjadi purified terephthalic acid (PTA) untuk bahan baku polyester.

 

Padahal, pemerintah telah memiliki aturan soal harga gas untuk industri maksimum US$6 per MMBtu. Hanya saja, Yudha mengungkapkan hingga saat ini industri TPT belum merasakan dampak dari beleid itu.

 

“Jangankan 6 dolar, 7 dolar saja kami sudah happy,” katanya.

 

Kepala Badan Koordinasi Penanaman Modal (BKPM) Thomas Lembong mengatakan dalam rapat kabinet terbatas pada awal Desember itu, dibahas bagaimana Indonesia menggenjot aspek-aspek fundamental untuk daya saing, khususnya pada industri TPT.

 

Menurutnya, ada sejumlah komponen yang menentukan daya saing dalam industri tersebut. Pertama, soal harga gas. Oleh karena itu, lanjutnya, Presiden Joko Widodo dan Menko Perekonomian sangat fokus pada harga gas bagi industri. Kedua, harga listrik. Komponen ini, lanjutnya, sangat menentukan bagi ongkos produksi. Ketiga, perburuhan. Komponen ini tidak hanya tingkat upahnya tapi juga keterampilan dan jam kerja harus lebih ditingkatkan.

 

“Kita menginginkan produktivitas buruh naik, sehingga ada basis upah naik. Tapi nggak bisa upah naik, produktivitasnya sama saja atau menurun. Itu nggak bisa, kita malah kehilangan daya saing,” ujarnya.

 
		
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