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APSyFI: The national textile industry is headed for a trade deficit, 2018 exports grow 1% and imports grow 14% (yoy).--IKATSI: The growth of the national textile industry is still hampered by floods of imports, Indonesia needs a clothing security law.

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Home arrow Latest News arrow Textile Industry Grows 7 Percent, Origin of Production Capacity Rise

Textile Industry Grows 7 Percent, Origin of Production Capacity Rise PDF Print E-mail
Written by Maizer   
Thursday, 27 April 2017
Kemenperin optimistic textile and textile products (TPT) will grow 7 percent in 2017. Condition, the domestic textile industry to increase its production capacity of production machinery utility that is currently still in the range of 35 percent.

The sense of optimism was expressed by the Director General of Chemical, Textile and Multifarious Industries (IKTA) Achmad Sigit Dwiwahjono in a media discussion on Friday (28/4) in Jakarta.

"Now this new production capacity of 35 percent.If this is upgraded we are optimistic to grow to 7 percent this year," he said.

Even further Sigit, for the next five years the national PTP industry should replace its production machines, especially on machines for dyeing and finishing production.

Previously Sigit explained, apparel products Indonesia is still less competitive with products from Vietnam and Bangladesh. This is evident from the export value of Indonesian textile products in 2016 which only reached 11.9 billion US dollars, while Vietnam reached 30 billion US dollars.

Sigit said the weak competitiveness is because Indonesia is subject to tariffs on textile products to the US and Europe by 12-17 percent, while Vietnam and Bangladesh 0 percent.

"For Europe we are also losing, Vietnam already has a retrade agreement while we have not.we lost 12 to 17 percent, so we are somewhat down there," he said.

At least there are some things that hinder the development of the national apparel industry.

In terms of macro is an energy problem. Energy in Indonesia is more expensive than Vietnam and Bangladesh competitors. Discounted electricity rates from 23.00 - 08.00 have not yet been decided.

Second, the circulation of illegal goods and balepress, as well as the number of imported clothing products, eroded the domestic market.

"Another problem is the condition of machines and equipment that are old and technology is relatively low," he said.

"In our machines we are inefficient, our electricity and energy are also less competitive, the electricity tariff is in state-owned enterprises and logistics is in government, Dwelling time in quarantine, so we want to apply the SNI compulsory in apparel and reduce imports," he added.

"We will propose a retrade agreement with the US and Europe," added Sigit.

Meanwhile, Director of Textile, Leather, Footwear, and Multifarious Industries, Muhdori, contacted Sunday (30/4) justified the imposition of import tariffs in the US and Europe because Indonesia entered G20 to be considered a developed country.


"Yes, concrete Indonesia has entered the category of developed countries so it does not deserve the preference of European and American markets," said Muhdori.


Especially for apparel products, Sigit optimistic in 2017 will grow 2.94 percent, after two years earlier grow negative (-7.32) percent in 2015 and (-1,18) percent in 2016.



Industri Tekstil Tumbuh 7 Persen, Asal Kapasitas Produksi Naik


Kemenperin optimis industri tekstil dan produk tekstil (TPT) akan tumbuh 7 persen pada tahun 2017. Syaratnya, industri TPT dalam negeri meningkatkan kapasitas produksinya dari utilitas mesin produksi yang saat ini masih di kisaran 35 persen.


Rasa optimisme itu diungkapkan Dirjen Industri Kimia, Tekstil dan Aneka (IKTA) Achmad Sigit Dwiwahjono dalam diskusi dengan media, Jumat (28/4), di Jakarta.


"Sekarang ini kapasitas produksi baru 35 persen. Kalau ini ditingkatkan kita optimis bisa tumbuh sampai 7 persen tahun ini," katanya.


Bahkan lanjut Sigit, untuk lima tahun ke depan industri PTP nasional harus mengganti mesin produksinya, terutama pada mesin untuk produksi dyeing dan finishing.


Sebelumnya Sigit memaparkan, produk pakaian jadi Indonesia masih kalah bersaing dengan produk asal Vietnam dan Bangladesh. Hal itu terlihat dari nilai ekspor produk tekstil Indonesia pada 2016 yang hanya mencapai 11,9 miliar dolar AS, sedangkan Vietnam mencapai 30 miliar dolar AS.


Sigit menyebutkan lemahnya daya saing itu lantaran Indonesia terkena tarif bea masuk produk tekstil ke AS dan Eropa sebesar 12-17 persen, sementara Vietnam dan Bangladesh 0 persen.


"Untuk Eropa kita juga kalah. Vietnam sudah punya retrade agreement sedangkan kita belum. Kita kalah 12 sampai 17 persen, sehingga kita agak menurun yang di sana," ujarnya.


Setidaknya ada beberapa hal yang menghambat perkembangan industri pakaian jadi nasional.


Dari segi makro adalah masalah energi. Energi di Indonesia termahal dibanding kompetitor Vietnam dan Bangladesh. Diskon tarif listrik 23.00 - 08.00 juga belum diputuskan.


Kedua, peredaran barang ilegal dan balepress, serta banyaknya produk pakaian impor, menggerus pasar dalam negeri.


"Masalah lainnya adalah kondisi mesin dan peralatan yang sudah tua dan teknologi yang relatif rendah," katanya.


"Di mesin kita sudah tidak efisiensi, di listrik dan energi kita juga kalah bersaing. Tarif listrik ada di BUMN dan logistik ada di pemerintah. Dwelling time di karantina. Makanya kita ingin menerapkan wajib SNI di pakaian jadi dan mengurangi impor," tambahnya.


"Kita akan ajukan retrade agreement dengan AS dan Eropa," tambah Sigit.


Sementara itu, Direktur Industri Tekstil, Kulit, Alas Kaki, dan Aneka, Muhdori, yang dihubungi Minggu (30/4) membenarkan pengenaan tarif impor di AS dan Eropa itu lantaran Indonesia masuk G20 sehingga dianggap sebagai negara maju.


"Iya, konkritnya Indonesia sudah masuk kategori negara maju jadi tidak pantas mendapat preferensi pasar Eropa dan Amerika," ujar Muhdori.


Khusus untuk produk pakaian jadi, Sigit optimis tahun 2017 akan tumbuh 2,94 persen, setelah dua tahun sebelumnya tumbuh negatif (-7,32) persen tahun 2015 dan (-1,18) persen tahun 2016.

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