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APSyFI: The national textile industry is headed for a trade deficit, 2018 exports grow 1% and imports grow 14% (yoy).--IKATSI: The growth of the national textile industry is still hampered by floods of imports, Indonesia needs a clothing security law.


	
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Home arrow Latest News arrow Textile Producers Support Import Restrictions


				
			
			
Textile Producers Support Import Restrictions PDF Print E-mail
Written by Maizer   
Thursday, 04 May 2017

The Association of Fiber and Filament Yarn Manufacturers (APSyFI) supports the government's to regulate textile imports. Secretary General of APSyFI, Redma Gita Wirawasta explained that the rapid import of textiles has become one of the causes of the decline in the performance of the textile industry in the last 5 years.

 

In 2016, textile and textile products (TPT) exports fell to USD 11.8 billion from USD 12.1 billion in 2015, while in 2011 exports reached USD13, 25 billion. While domestic market, although the consumption of garment and other finished goods in the country rose from USD 14.6 billion in 2015 to USD 14.9 billion in 2016, but the share of domestic product sales is still only 75%, down considerably when compared to the year 2013 reached 86% as the domestic market continues to be undermined by imported products.

 

Even worse occurs in the manufacture of cloth, where the imported fabric products control 40% market share, whereas in 2013 only controlled 30%, even in 2008 imported fabric only controlled 20% of the domestic market. The consequences are felt mainly by the industry in the sectors of the knit, the knitting where many companies have reduced production, laying off some employees and even closed the company so that its production utilization dropped to only 52.6%. A similar trend also occurs in the yarn production sector.

 

"Our main problem is competitiveness as a result of the relatively high cost of production factors compared to competitor countries, for years we have been trying to lower the cost burden instead of down," Redma said. "So as long as the government cannot improve the competitiveness, we must make the domestic market as a guarantee of local product market" he added.

 

In almost all countries, especially countries with very large populations such as China, India, Turkey and Brazil, the domestic market serves as a market guarantee for local products so that the state will be more pro-local. Moreover, if the country has an integrated textile industry from upstream to downstream then they will try to protect the market from upstream to downstream in order to maintain the growth of the textile industry in their country.

 

As a country with a very large population with an integrated textile industry structure from upstream downstream, Indonesia is obliged to make domestic market as market guarantee for its domestic product from upstream downstream. Where import is only devoted to products that are not produced only. While export oriented companies in the bonded area are still given import raw material facilities without disturbing other companies that are oriented to domestic market. "But only for export only, do not sell domestic, do not disturb other friends" he said.

 

Therefore it strongly supports the government's efforts to restrict and regulate textile imports and hope this policy is not easily shaken by the importers of traders who disguise the producers. "Outside there are many merchant importers who claim to be producers and request ease of import on the grounds as raw materials, this group continues to shake up the government to open imported faucets" explained Redma.

 

"In the future we want to see our society using domestic production garments from woven fabric itself, from spun yarn and from self-made fibers, so that the sector can flourish and the welfare of its workers can increase" he concluded.

 

 

 

 

Produsen Tekstil Dukung Pembatasan Impor

 

 

Asosiasi Produsen Serat dan Benang Filament Indonesia (APSyFI) mendukung langkah pemerintah untuk mengatur impor tekstil. Diungkapkan Sekretaris Jenderal APSyFI, Redma Gita Wirawasta bahwa derasnya impor tekstil menjadi salah satu penyebab turunnya kinerja industri tekstil dalam 5 tahun terakhir.

 

Tahun 2016, ekspor tekstil dan produk tekstil (TPT) kembali turun menjadi USD 11,8 Milyar dari USD 12,1 Milyar ditahun 2015, padahal ditahun 2011 ekspor mencapai USD13,25 Milyar. Sedangkan dipasar domestik, meskipun konsumsi garment dan barang jadi lainnya didalam negeri naik dari USD 14,6 Milyar ditahun 2015 menjadi USD 14,9 Milyar ditahun 2016, namun porsi penjualan produk dalam negeri masih hanya 75%, turun jauh jika dibandingkan tahun 2013 yang mencapai 86% karena pasar domestik masih terus digerogoti produk impor.

 

Bahkan hal lebih parah terjadi di sekor pembuatan kain, dimana produk kain impor menguasai 40% pangsa pasar, padahal ditahun 2013 hanya menguasai 30%, bahkan ditahun 2008 kain impor hanya menguasai 20% pasar domestik. Akibatnya sangat terasa terutama oleh industri di sektor pertenuan, perajutan dimana banyak perusahaan telah mengurangi produksinya, merumahkan sebagian karyawan bahkan menutup perusahaannya sehingga utilisasi produksinya turun hingga hanya tinggal 52,6%. Trend serupa juga terjadi disektor produksi benang.

 

“Memang permasalahan utama kita adalah dayasaing sebagai akibat beban biaya faktor produksi yang relatif tinggi jika dibandingkan dengan negara pesaing, sudah bertahun-tahun kita berupaya untuk turunkan beban biaya, bukannya turun, malah naik” ujar Redma. “jadi selama pemerintah belum bisa meningkatkan daya saing, kita harus jadikan pasar domestik sebagai jaminan pasar produk lokal” tambahnya.

 

Di hampir semua negara terutama negara dengan penduduk yang sangat besar seperti China, India, Turki dan Brazil, pasar domestik dijadikan sebagai jaminan pasar bagi produk lokal sehingga negara akan lebih berpihak pada produk lokal. Terlebih jika negara tersebut mempunyai industri tekstil yang terintegrasi dari hulu ke hilir maka mereka akan berupaya melindungi pasarnya dari hulu ke hilir demi menjaga tumbuh kembangnya industri tekstil di negara mereka.

 

Sebagai salah satu negara dengan jumlah penduduk yang sangat besar dengan struktur industri tekstil yang teritegrasi dari hulu kehilir, Indonesia wajib menjadikan pasar domestik sebagai jaminan pasar bagi produk dalam negerinya dari hulu kehilir. Dimana impor hanya dikhususkan untuk produk yang tidak diproduksi saja. Sedangkan perusahaan yang berorientasi ekspor dikawasan berikat tetap diberikan fasilitas impor bahan baku tanpa mengganggu perusahaan lain yang berorientasi pasar domestik. “Tetapi hanya untuk ekspor saja, jangan jual domestik, jangan ganggu temannya yang lain” tegasnya.

 

Oleh karena itu pihaknya sangat mendukung upaya pemerintah untuk membatasi dan mengatur impor tekstil dan berharap kebijakan ini tidak mudah digoyang oleh para importir pedagang yang berkedok produsen. “Diluar sana banyak importir pedagang yang mengaku sebagai produsen dan meminta kemudahan impor dengan alasan sebagai bahan baku, kelompok ini terus menggoyang pemerintah agar membuka keran impor” jelas Redma.

 

“Kedepan kita ingin melihat masyarakat kita menggunakan pakaian produksi dalam negeri dari kain yang ditenun sendiri, dari benang yang dipintal sendiri dan dari serat produksi sendiri, sehingga sektor ini bisa berkembang dan kesejahteraan para pekerjanya bisa meningkat” pungkasnya.

 
		
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