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Textile Industry Wait for Policy on Restriction on Imports of Textile Goods PDF Print E-mail
Written by Maizer   
Thursday, 11 May 2017

The upstream industry of textile and textile products business awaits the policy of restriction of textile import from the government. This decision determines whether the businessman will increase capacity or otherwise, reduce production. Secretary General of Indonesian Filament and Fiber Films Association (APSyFI) Redma Gita Wirawasta said the composition of textile-made finished goods in the domestic market has made business operators anxious to develop their businesses.

 

"The increase in demand is actually captured by imported products. Despite importing finished products, the upstream industry took a hit as local downstream producers also reduced production. Imports should be limited only to producers who export all of their products due to lower import prices. For the local market, import of raw materials should be closed so that the local upstream production can be absorbed well, "said Redma through a written statement on Friday (5/5).

 

On a separate occasion, the Director General of Chemical, Textile, and Multifarious Industries Ministry of Industry, Achmad Sigit Dwiwahjono, confirmed that the upstream industry of TPT was hit by imported products that flooded the market. Therefore, the coordination of Ministry of Industry, Ministry of Trade, and the Directorate General of Customs will be strengthened.

 

Chairman of the Indonesian Textile Association, Ade Sudrajat explained in the last five years, the textile industry homeland continues to decline both in terms of export and industry itself. According to Ade, this decline is due to decreasing competitiveness. "Currently competitiveness is not only determined by the efficiency of the industry itself but also determined by the competitiveness of government services in serving manufacturing in Indonesia, such as highways, import export licenses and ports," he said.

 

Ade further explained that from package 1 to 13, the government has launched various things such as electricity reduction, but unfortunately not running. Whereas from the cost structure, the textile industry uses electricity by 18 to 25 percent. However, Ade remained optimistic in the first quarter, considering that BPS's laproan showed export experienced an increase of about 3.8 percent compared to last year. This shows the positive result of relocation step from JABOTABEK to Central Java.

 

On the other hand for the domestic market, domestic textile producers only control about 30 percent of the total market value of nearly USD 10 billion.

 

Meanwhile, CEO of Sri Rezeki Isman, Iwan Lukminto who contacted by telephone explains one of the strategies of Sritex is to develop products with local wisdom as well as close to global needs. Furthermore Iwan Lukminto explains the portion of the domestic market and abroad on his side about 40 to 60.

 

Although both experienced an increase but Iwan admitted if the increase in the domestic market is not as fast as abroad. "It needs cooperation from various parties, as well as managing the products of the domestic market, such as local content, so that SMEs can live, until finally the textile industry becomes a prima donna in their own country," he said.

 

Vice Chairman of the Association of Indonesian Retail Companies, Tutum Rahanta saw all the lines in the textile industry from upstream to downstream experiencing keduukkan. Tutum Rahanta believes that there are still foreign retailers who sell one hundred percent of imported products, although they are not in accordance with existing regulations but the government also allows them. Leveled between the upstream and downstream players in the industry there is even someone who has imported new clothes, which just live to label it.

 

"Another weakness of the domestic textile industry is not updatenya technology used, so it becomes less efficient. For the retail sector itself, in addition to competing with products that one hundred percent of imports still have to compete with imported products that are actually illegal, "he said.

 

Director of textile, leather, rigid and various industries of the Ministry of Industry, Muhdori explained that the textile industry is a strategic industry because it produces foreign exchange and absorbs around three million workers. According Muhdori if the modernization of equipment in the textile industry occurs as well as control of imported raw materials inventory management, then it is optimistic growth of about 7 percent in the textile industry is reached.

 

Muhdori explained that his side will coordinate across sectors to try to reduce various obstacles in the textile industry. Related to the surge of imports by 300 percent, especially for fabrics, according to Muhdori still within reasonable limits, considering the goods imported for production and for export.

 

 

Industri Tekstil Tunggu Kebijakan Pembatasan Impor Barang Jadi Tekstil

 

 

Kalangan pelaku usaha industri hulu tekstil dan produk tekstil menunggu kebijakan pembatasan impor tekstil dari pemerintah. Keputusan ini menentukan apakah pebisnis akan menambah kapasitas atau sebaliknya, mengurangi produksi. Sekjen Asosiasi Produsen Serat dan Benang Filamen Indonesia (APSyFI) Redma Gita Wirawasta mengatakan, komposisi produk barang jadi tekstil yang kian besar di pasar domestik membuat pelaku usaha hulu was-was untuk mengembangkan usaha.

 

“Kenaikan permintaan justru ditangkap oleh produk impor. Meski mengimpor produk jadi, industri hulu ikut terpukul karena produsen hilir lokal juga mengurangi produksi. Impor seharusnya dibatasi hanya untuk produsen yang mengekspor seluruh produknya karena harga impor yang memang lebih murah. Untuk pasar lokal, impor bahan baku sebaiknya ditutup sehingga produksi hulu lokal dapat terserap dengan baik,” ujar Redma melalui keterangan tertulis, Jumat (5/5).

 

Pada kesempatan terpisah, Dirjen Industri Kimia, Tekstil, dan Aneka Kementerian Perindustrian Achmad Sigit Dwiwahjono membenarkan industri hulu TPT terpukul oleh produk impor yang membanjiri pasar. Oleh karena itu, koordinasi Kemenperin, Kementerian Perdagangan, dan Ditjen Bea Cukai akan diperkuat.

 

Ketua Asosiasi Pertekstilan Indonesia, Ade Sudrajat menjelaskan dalam lima tahun terakhir, industri tekstil tanah air terus mengalami penurunan baik dari segi export maupun industrinya itu sendiri. Menurut Ade penurunan ini akibat makin berkurangnya daya saing. “Saat ini daya saing tidak hanya ditentukan oleh efisiensi industri itu sendiri melainkkan juga ditentukan oleh daya saing pelayanan pemerintah didalam melayani manufaktur di Indonesia, seperti jalan raya, perizinan eksport import, dan pelabuhan,” ujarnya.

 

Lebih jauh Ade menjelaskan bahwa dari paket 1 sampai 13, pemerintah sudah mencanangkan berbagai hal seperti penurunan listrik, namun sayangnya tidak berjalan. Padahal dari struktur biaya, industri tekstil mempergunakan listrik sebesar 18 hingga 25 persen. Namun Ade tetap optimistis pada triwulan pertama, mengingat laproan dari BPS menunjukan export mengalami peningkat sekitar 3,8 persen dibandingkan tahun lalu. Hal ini menunjukkan adanya hasil positif langkah relokasi dari JABOTABEK ke Jawa Tengah.

 

Disisi lain untuk pasar dalam negeri, produsen tekstil dalam negeri hanya menguasai sekitar 30 persen dari nilai total pasar yang hampir mendekati USD 10 miliar.

 

Sementara itu CEO Sri Rezeki Isman, Iwan Lukminto yang dihubungi melalui telepon menjelaskan salah satu strategi dari Sritex adalah mengembangkan produk-produk dengan kearifan lokal sekaligus dekat dengan kebutuhan global. Lebih jauh Iwan Lukminto menjelaskan porsi pasar dalam negeri dan luar negeri di pihaknya sekitar 40 banding 60.

 

Meskipun keduanya mengalami kenaikkan namun Iwan mengakui jika kenaikkan di pasar dalam negeri tidak secepat luar negeri. “Perlu kerjasama dari berbagai pihak, serta mengatur produk pasar dalam negeri, seperti besaran kandungan lokal, agar UKM dapat hidup, hingga akhirnya industri tekstil kembali menjadi primadona di negeri sendiri,” tuturnya.

 

Wakil Ketua Umum Asosiasi Perusahaan Ritel Indonesia, Tutum Rahanta melihat semua lini di industry tekstil dari hulu hingga hilir mengalami keterpurukkan. Tutum Rahanta menilai masih ada retail asing yang menjual seratus persen produk import, meskipun tidak sesuai dengan peraturan yang ada namun pemerintah juga yang mengizinkannya. Ditingkat antara hulu dan hilir para pemain di industry ada bahkan ada yang sudah mengimpor pakaian baru, yang hanya tinggal memberi label saja.

 

“Satu lagi kelemahan industri tekstil dalam negeri adalah tidak updatenya teknologi yang digunakan, sehingga menjadi kurang efisien. Untuk sektor retail sendiri, selain harus bersaing dengan produk yang seratus persen import masih juga harus bersaing dengan produk import bekas yang sebenarnya merupakan ilegal,” ungkapnya.

 

Direktur industri tekstil, kulit, alas kaku dan aneka Kementerian Perindustrian, Muhdori menjelaskan pihaknya menilai industri tekstil merupakan industri strategis, karena sebagai penghasil devisa serta menyerap sekitar tiga juta tenaga kerja. Menurut Muhdori jika modernisasi peralatan di industri tekstil terjadi serta pengendalian tata niaga bahan baku impor terjaga, maka pihaknya optimis pertumbuhan sekitar 7 persen di industri tekstil tercapai.

 

Muhdori menjelaskan pihaknya akan berkoordinasi lintas sektor untuk berusaha mengurangi berbagai hambatan di industri tekstil. Terkait dengan melonjaknya import sebesar 300 persen terutama untuk kain, menurut Muhdori masih dalam batas yang wajar, mengingat barang yang diimport memang untuk kebutuhan produksi dan untuk eksport.

 
		
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