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Importing Pressing Local Textiles PDF Print E-mail
Written by Maizer   
Wednesday, 17 May 2017

The condition of textile business in the country is still sluggish despite Ramadan and Lebaran is near. Lethargy is assessed as imported textile goods spread at much cheaper prices so that local goods are less competitive.

 

Secretary General of the Indonesian Textile Association (API) Ernovian G Ismi said, since last year Ramadan no increase in textile sales. The spike in demand for Ramadan needs is usually felt by the garment industry 2-3 months before. However, the last two years there has been no significant increase. "Lonely. Last year too, "Ernovian said

 

Based on API records, industry growth, both textile and clothing last year only rose 0.13 percent. Sales of textile and clothing two years earlier fell 4.79 percent.

 

Ernovian said the decline in growth can be known directly from production capacity along with a declining utilization rate. "I forgot the rate of decline but that clearly decreased," he said.

 

According to him, the decline in demand due to public purchasing power tends to weaken and invasion of imported goods. China became the largest import destination of textile goods to Indonesia with a percentage of 35.18 percent, followed by South Korea 15.12 percent, and Taiwan 7.65 percent.

 

The downstream sector much prefer to take imported goods because it is cheaper. Conditions in Indonesia, according to him, quite upside when compared to other countries. While many countries are busy strengthening the domestic market, the textile industry in Indonesia has to bother to balance imports.

 

"We are not less competitiveness in terms of quality but less price. Although imported goods are regulated, they are always cheaper, "Ernovian said.

 

Similar conditions perceived producers of fiber and yarn. Secretary General of Filament Indonesia Fiber and Filament Association (APSyFI) Redma Gita Wirawasta said fiber and yarn producers began to stop the production. "There is no increase in demand. Mau Ramadan is also no influence, "said Redma

 

Since 2015, at least 15 producers of fiber and yarns in Indonesia have gone out of business from around 200 companies.

 

According to Redma, yarn demand from fabric manufacturers is more in imported yarns. However, when it is sold already in the form of cloth thereby eroding the yarn demand from local producers. "It's their way to sell cloth at a lower price," he said.

 

Conditions like this, he said, occurred four years. Viewed from the utilization rate in 2016 only 76 percent of the total national production capacity of 2.7 million tons. That is, only about 2 million tons can be sold. "The rest, 700 thousand tons is where? Unemployed, "said Redma.

 

Until the first quarter of 2017, demand for fiber and yarn fell to 60 percent. Redma predicts, this year's sales conditions are much worse. The Ministry of Industry has regulated the import trade system but has no significant impact.

 

He said the local fabric industry is competing with imported goods so that the price of local yarns is cheaper. In a pinched state, fiber and yarn producers are forced to sell at prices below production. "Usual profit of 3 percent per year, this is just a minus. So many who want to stop and sell the factory, "said Redma.

 

Importasi Menekan Tekstil Lokal

 

Kondisi bisnis tekstil dalam negeri masih lesu kendati Ramadhan dan Lebaran sudah dekat. Kelesuan dinilai akibat barang tekstil impor merebak dengan harga jauh lebih murah sehingga barang lokal kalah saing.

 

Sekretaris Jenderal Asosiasi Pertekstilan Indonesia (API) Ernovian G Ismi mengatakan, sejak Ramadhan tahun lalu tidak ada peningkatan penjualan tekstil. Lonjakan permintaan untuk kebutuhan Ramadhan biasanya dirasakan industri garmen 2-3 bulan sebelumnya. Namun, dua tahun terakhir tidak ada peningkatan signifikan. “Sepi semua. Tahun lalu juga begitu,” kata Ernovian

 

Berdasarkan catatan API, pertumbuhan industri, baik tekstil maupun sandang tahun lalu hanya naik 0,13 persen. Penjualan industri tekstil dan sandang dua tahun sebelumnya bahkan turun 4,79 persen.

 

Ernovian mengatakan, penurunan pertumbuhan tersebut langsung dapat diketahui dari kapasitas produksi disertai tingkat utilisasi yang juga menyusut. “Saya lupa angka penurunan itu tapi yang jelas menurun,” ujarnya.

 

Menurut dia, penurunan permintaan akibat daya beli masyarakat cenderung melemah dan serbuan barang impor. China menjadi tujuan impor terbesar barang-barang tekstil ke Indonesia dengan persentase mencapai 35,18 persen, diikuti Korea Selatan 15,12 persen, dan Taiwan 7,65 persen.

 

Sektor hilir banyak lebih memilih mengambil barang impor karena lebih murah. Kondisi di Indonesia, menurut dia, cukup terbalik jika dibandingkan negara-negara lain. Di saat berbagai negara sibuk memperkuat pasar dalam negeri, industri tekstil di Indonesia justru harus bersusah payah mengimbangi barang impor.

 

“Kita bukan kalah saing dari sisi kualitas tapi kalah harga. Meskipun barang impor diatur, tetap saja mereka selalu lebih murah,” kata Ernovian.

 

Kondisi serupa dirasakan produsen serat dan benang. Sekretaris Jenderal Asosiasi Produsen Serat dan Benang Filament Indonesia (APSyFI) Redma Gita Wirawasta mengatakan, produsen serat dan benang mulai banyak menyetop produksi. “Tidak ada kenaikan permintaan. Mau Ramadhan juga tidak ada pengaruh,” kata Redma

 

Sejak tahun 2015, setidaknya sudah 15 perusahaan produsen serat dan benang di Indonesia gulung tikar dari sekitar 200 perusahaan yang ada.

 

Menurut Redma, permintaan benang dari perusahaan produsen kain lebih banyak pada benang impor. Namun, ketika dijual sudah berbentuk kain sehingga menggerus permintaan benang dari produsen lokal. “Itu cara mereka supaya bisa jual kain dengan harga lebih murah,” ujar dia.

 

Kondisi seperti ini, kata dia, terjadi empat tahun terakhir. Dilihat dari tingkat utilisasi pada 2016 hanya 76 persen dari total kapasitas produksi nasional sebesar 2,7 juta ton. Artinya, hanya sekitar 2 juta ton yang bisa dijual. “Sisanya, 700 ribu ton itu kemana? Nganggur,” ujar Redma.

 

Hingga kuartal I-2017, permintaan serat dan benang turun menjadi 60 persen. Redma memprediksi, kondisi penjualan tahun ini jauh lebih buruk. Kementerian Perindustrian sudah mengatur tata niaga impor tetapi tidak ada dampak berarti.

 

Ia mengatakan, industri kain lokal bersaing dengan barang impor sehingga meminta harga benang lokal lebih murah. Dalam kondisi terjepit, produsen serat dan benang terpaksa menjual dengan harga di bawah produksi. “Biasa keuntungan kita 3 persen per tahun, ini justru minus. Makanya banyak yang mau setop dan jual pabriknya,” kata Redma.

 
		
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