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APSyFI: The national textile industry is headed for a trade deficit, 2018 exports grow 1% and imports grow 14% (yoy).--IKATSI: The growth of the national textile industry is still hampered by floods of imports, Indonesia needs a clothing security law.


	
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Home arrow Latest News arrow Apparel Exports Look Bright


				
			
			
Apparel Exports Look Bright PDF Print E-mail
Written by Maizer   
Thursday, 08 June 2017

After a weakening in the last 3 years, fresh air began to blow into the apparel sector. This can be seen from the projection of the Indonesian Textile Association which said the export will be positive in the second quarter of this year.

 

Chairman of the Indonesian Textile Association (API) Ade Sudrajat said the relocation of factories to several regions in Central Java that encouraged the growth of new high-tech factories helped boost the productivity of apparel manufacturers. In addition, many businesspeople also employ trained workers. As a result, the competitiveness of apparel products was also boosted.

 

Unfortunately, a number of problems still confront manufacturers, especially energy costs. In addition to hitting downstream industries, high operational costs due to the cost of electricity is also complained by upstream industry actors. Trimming the cost of electricity required the industry to reduce the cost of production and improve product competitiveness.

 

"In general, energy cost for textile industry is still high. Energy costs need to be lowered in order to compete with other countries, "said President Director of PT Asia Pacific Fibers Tbk. Ravi Shankar, not long ago.

 

Ravi said energy costs represent one of the largest cost components for the textile industry. According to him, the cost of electricity charged to the textile industry in the country on average worth US $ 12 cents per kWh.

 

Meanwhile, Indonesia's main competitor in the textile sector set a much more competitive electricity tariff. He likened the textile manufacturers in Vietnam and Bangladesh to be charged only US $ 6-US $ 7 cents per kWh.

 

The imbalance of energy costs, according to him, became one of the factors of stagnation of the textile industry in the country. "If viewed 3-4 years back if our textile growth is flat. At the same time India, China, Vietnam and Bangladesh are growing rapidly. "

 

 

Ekspor Pakaian Jadi Terlihat Cerah

 

 

Setelah sempat melemah pada 3 tahun terakhir, angin segar mulai berembus ke sektor pakaian jadi. Ini dapat dilihat dari proyeksi Asosiasi Pertekstilan Indonesia yang menyebutkan ekspor bakal positif pada kuartal II tahun ini.

 

Ketua Umum Asosiasi Pertekstilan Indonesia (API) Ade Sudrajat mengatakan relokasi pabrik ke sejumlah daerah di Jawa Tengah yang mendorong pertumbuhan pabrik baru berteknologi tinggi ikut mendorong produktivitas pabrikan pakaian jadi. Selain itu, pebisnis juga banyak mempekerjakan tenaga kerja terlatih. Alhasil, daya saing produk pakaian jadi pun terdongkrak.

 

Sayangnya, sejumlah masalah masih mengadang pabrikan, terutama biaya energi. Selain memukul industri hilir, ongkos operasional yang tinggi karena biaya listrik ini juga dikeluhkan oleh pelaku industri hulu. Pemangkasan biaya listrik diperlukan industri untuk menekan biaya pokok produksi dan meningkatkan daya saing produk.

 

“Secara umum energy cost untuk industri tekstil masih tinggi. Energy cost perlu diturunkan supaya bisa bersaing dengan negara lain,” ujar Presiden Direktur PT Asia Pacific Fibers Tbk. Ravi Shankar, belum lama ini.

 

Ravi menyatakan biaya energi merupakan salah satu komponen biaya terbesar bagi industri tekstil.  Menurutnya, biaya listrik yang dikenakan bagi industri tekstil di dalam negeri rata-rata senilai US$12 sen per kWh.

 

Sementara itu, negara negara pesaing utama Indonesia di bidang tekstil menetapkan tarif listrik yang jauh lebih kompetitif. Ia mengumpamakan pabrikan tekstil di Vietnam dan Bangladesh hanya dikenai biaya listrik senilai US$6—US$7 sen per kWh.

 

Ketimpangan biaya energi itu, menurutnya, menjadi salah satu factor stagnasi industri tekstil di dalam negeri. “Kalau dilihat 3—4 tahun ke belakang kalau pertumbuhan tekstil kita flat. Pada saat yang bersamaan India, China, Vietnam, dan Bangladesh tumbuh pesat sekali.”

 
		
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