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Government Requested Firmly: Chinese Imported Goods Flooded PDF Print E-mail
Written by Maizer   
Monday, 19 June 2017

Bhima Yudhistira, Bhim Yudhistira Institute for Economic Economics and Finance (INDEF) economist, asked the Indonesian government to be more firm in opening imported faucets mainly from China. He explained that an open tap is too wide to turn off local producers. In addition, the development of downstream hilirisasi will also slow down.

 

Bhima also reminded the government to change the orientation of Indonesia's cooperation with China which has tended to be lame. He said the government's main problem with Indonesia's trade with China is supply chain imbalance.

 

According to Bhima, most of Indonesia's export products to China are raw products such as coal, CPO, and rubber. Meanwhile, China then exports finished materials with added value to Indonesia.

 

"We can not benefit from trading the model, Indonesia is only a market," Bhima said.

 

Bhima gives an example, the government may ask China to open a factory in the country if it wants to export its products to Indonesia. Not only that, he asked the government's commitment to apply the national industrial obligation to absorb 30 percent of local product absorption.

 

The government is asked to provide incentives to local producers in order to compete with Chinese products. Not vice versa, where the incentive for import is actually multiplied.

 

"For example China if you want to sell products, must make factories in Indonesia," he said.

 

Bhima continued, an example of the risk of Indonesia's import dependence from China is the garlic commodity. INDEF notes, 85 percent of garlic in Indonesia is imported from China and India. The case that had happened before, the price of garlic in the domestic market jumped above 45 percent in just one month. The reason, garlic planting time in China can not match the moment of the fasting month and Lebaran, the moment when the demand for garlic in Indonesia is rising.

 

"It is just imported food, not imported electronic or textile, do not forget, the textile is sufficiently pounded by Chinese products," he said.

 

Trade Minister Enggartiasto Lukita said the government has its own efforts to protect local garlic farmers from the onslaught of imported products from China. Ministry of Commerce said that garlic supply digelontorkan up to 480 thousand tons per year. However, he assures that despite the government's efforts to curb the price of onions that had skyrocketed in the market, the government still maintains the selling price at the farm level.

 

"We give the assignment to (Bulog) to buy at Rp 15 thousand (per kilogram)," he said.

 

Indonesia's trade balance trends continue to show a surplus until May 2017, but the numbers continue to thin. The Central Bureau of Statistics (BPS) recorded a trade surplus value in May 2017 of 470 million US dollars, down from the previous month's surplus of 1.33 billion US dollars. While the value of Indonesian imports in the same month was recorded at 13.82 billion US dollars, up 15.67 percent compared to April 2017.

 

BPS Deputy for Social Statistics Sairi Hasbullah said the realization of Indonesia's imports since the beginning of 2017 to date was recorded at 52.32 billion US dollars, up 11.39 percent from last year's realization of 46.97 billion US dollars. Imports of consumer goods rose 11.78 percent, from 5.05 billion dollars to 5.64 billion dollars.

 

Meanwhile, imports of raw materials / auxiliary materials during January-May 2017 was recorded at 47.24 billion US dollars, up 17.63 percent from 40.16 billion US dollars last year. Meanwhile, capital goods imports stood at 9.48 billion dollars, up 9.13 percent from 8.69 billion dollars last year.

 

Seen from imported countries, China still ranks first with a value of 13.67 billion US dollars or 26.12 percent of all Indonesian imports. "More than a quarter of the goods coming from China," said Sairi this weekend.

 

Japan occupies the second position as the country of origin of the largest imports with a value of 5.82 billion US dollars or 11.12 percent of all Indonesian imports. The third position was secured by Thailand with import value 3.77 billion US dollars or 7.21 percent.

 

 

Pemerintah Diminta Tegas: Barang Impor Cina Membanjir

 

 

Ekonom Institute for Development of Economics and Finance (INDEF) Bhima Yudhistira meminta pemerintah Indonesia lebih tegas dalam membuka keran impor terutama dari Cina. Ia menjelaskan keran impor yang terbuka terlalu lebar dapat mematikan produsen lokal. Di samping itu, perkembangan hilirisasi dalam negeri juga akan melambat.

 

Bhima juga mengingatkan pemerintah untuk mengubah orientasi kerja sama Indonesia dengan Cina yang selama ini cenderung timpang. Ia mengatakan pemerintah masalah utama perdagangan Indonesia dengan Cina adalah ketidakseimbangan rantai pasok.

 

Menurut Bhima, sebagian besar produk ekspor Indonesia ke Cina adalah produk mentah seperti batu bara, CPO, dan karet. Sementara Cina kemudian mengekspor bahan jadi yang nilai tambahnya lebih besar ke Indonesia.

 

"Kita tidak dapat manfaat dari perdagangan model itu. Indonesia hanya dijadikan pasar," kata Bhima.

 

Bhima memberi contoh, pemerintah bisa saja meminta kepada Cina untuk membuka pabrik di dalam negeri apabila ingin mengekspor produknya ke Indonesia. Tak hanya itu, ia meminta komitmen pemerintah untuk menerapkan kewajiban industri nasional untuk menyerap 30 persen serapan produk lokal.

 

Pemerintah diminta lebih banyak memberikan insentif kepada produsen lokal agar bisa bersaing dengan produk Cina. Bukan sebaliknya, di mana insetif untuk impor justru diperbanyak.

 

"Misalnya Cina kalau mau jualan produk, harus buat pabrik di Indonesia," ujarnya.

 

Bhima melanjutkan, contoh risiko ketergantungan impor Indonesia dari Cina adalah komoditas bawang putih. Catatan INDEF, 85 persen bawang putih di Indonesia diimpor dari Cina dan India. Kasus yang sempat terjadi sebelumnya, harga bawang putih di pasar dalam negeri melonjak di atas 45 persen hanya dalam satu bulan. Alasannya, waktu tanam bawang putih di Cina tidak bisa menyamai momen bulan puasa dan Lebaran, momen saat permintaan bawang putih di Indonesia meninggi.

 

"Itu baru impor bahan pangan. Belum impor elektronik atau tekstil. Jangan lupa, tekstil cukup tergempur oleh produk Cina," ujar dia.

 

Menteri Perdagangan Enggartiasto Lukita menyebutkan, pemerintah memiliki upaya sendiri untuk melindungai petani bawang putih lokal dari gempuran produk impor dari Cina. Kementerian Perdagangan menyebutkan bahwa pasokan bawang putih digelontorkan hingga 480 ribu ton pertahunnya. Namun, ia menjamin meski pemerintah berupaya menekan harga bawang yang sempat melangit di pasaran, pemerintah tetap menjaga harga jual di tingkat petani.

 

"Kita berikan penugasan ke (Perum) Bulog untuk membeli dengan harga Rp 15 ribu (per kilogram)," katanya.

 

Tren neraca perdagangan Indonesia terus menunjukkan surplus hingga Mei 2017, namun angkanya terus menipis. Badan Pusat Statistik (BPS) mencatat nilai surplus perdagangan Mei 2017 sebesar 470 juta dolar AS, menurun dibanding surplus bulan sebelumnya sebesar 1,33 miliar dolar AS. Sementara nilai impor Indonesia pada bulan yang sama tercatat sebesar 13,82 miliar dolar AS, naik 15,67 persen dibanding April 2017.

 

Deputi Bidang Statistik Sosial BPS Sairi Hasbullah menyebutkan, realisasi impor Indonesia sejak awal 2017 hingga saat ini tercatat sebesar 52,32 miliar dolar AS, atau naik 11,39 persen dari realisasi tahun lalu sebesar 46,97 miliar dolar AS. Impor barang konsumsi naik 11,78 persen, dari 5,05 miliar dolar AS menjadi 5,64 miliar dolar AS.

 

Sementara itu, impor bahan baku/bahan penolong sepanjang Januari-Mei 2017 tercatat sebesar 47,24 miliar dolar AS, naik 17,63 persen dari 40,16 miliar dolar AS tahun lalu. Sedangkan, impor barang modal tercatat sebesar 9,48 miliar dolar AS, naik 9,13 persen dari 8,69 miliar dolar AS tahun lalu.

 

Dilihat dari negara asal impor, Cina masih menduduki peringkat pertama dengan nilai 13,67 miliar dolar AS atau 26,12 persen dari seluruh impor Indonesia. "Lebih dari seperempat barang yang masuk berasal dari Cina," ujar Sairi akhir pekan ini.

 

Jepang menduduki posisi kedua sebagai negara asal impor terbesar dengan nilai 5,82 miliar dolar AS atau 11,12 persen dari seluruh impor Indonesia. Posisi ketiga diamankan oleh Thailand dengan nilai impor 3,77 miliar dolar AS atau 7,21 persen.

 
		
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