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Home arrow Latest News arrow Textile Industry Reduce Working Hours


				
			
			
Textile Industry Reduce Working Hours PDF Print E-mail
Written by Maizer   
Friday, 07 July 2017

The competitiveness of the country's textile manufacturing industry is weakening due to the increasingly tight global competition. Decrease in demand affects the reduction of working hours and salaries of factory employees.

 

Chairman of the Indonesian Employers Association (Apindo) Haryadi Sukamdani said, some garment factories and fabric manufacturers in Indonesia decreased demand. Nevertheless, the manufacturer is still helped because there is still little growth.

 

Corporate action to balance conditions by reducing the level of productivity and daily production capacity. Reduction of working hours of employees from a maximum of 12 hours to 8 hours according to national standard rules. Reduced working hours followed by salary deductions received by employees.

 

"Certainly so (the reduction in salary) because take home pay must be reduced.The salary could fall 20 percent," said Haryadi

 

General Secretary of APINDO Sanny Iskandar said the reduction of working hours is still much better than the termination of employment (PHK). He noted, the decline in demand from foreigners has occurred in some areas bebebapa last year.

 

He said the work orientation in the garment industry is leaning on labor-intensive patterns. Production involves more manpower than machines. "So it really affects working hours if production is reduced," he said.

 

Apindo asked the government to be more aware of the financing structure in the garment industry sector so that the domestic production costs can continue to be suppressed. Competitiveness will increase with the emphasis on domestic production costs. Sanny hopes, the government can maintain the sustainability of labor-intensive industries.

 

According to Sanny, it is not impossible if the industry more slowly will result in layoffs. However, if any company fires employees it should be based on regulations in place so as not to cause problems in the future.

 

Vice Chairman of the Chamber of Commerce and Industry (KADIN) Trade Sector Benny Soetrisno said, in addition to demand from abroad, the domestic market is also being melesu. "The reduction of working hours is incidental, not forever, and if (demand) rises again, more work hours are added," he said.

 

Due to the reduction of working hours to 8 hours, employees simply do not receive overtime pay. Standard Indonesian working hours according to Law (Act) No 13/2003 on Employment of 40 hours a week or 8 hours a day.

 

 

Industri Tekstil Kurangi Jam Kerja

 

 

 

Daya saing industri pabrikan tekstil Tanah Air sedang melemah akibat persaingan global yang kian ketat. Penurunan permintaan berimbas pengurangan jam kerja dan gaji karyawan pabrik.

 

Ketua Umum Asosiasi Pengusaha Indonesia (Apindo) Haryadi Sukamdani mengatakan, sebagian pabrik garmen dan produsen kain di Indonesia mengalami penurunan permintaan. Kendati demikian, pabrikan masih tertolong karena masih ada sedikit pertumbuhan.

 

Aksi korporasi untuk menyeimbangkan kondisi dengan mengurangi tingkat produktivitas dan kapasitas produksi harian. Pengurangan jam kerja karyawan dari maksimal 12 jam menjadi 8 jam sesuai aturan standar nasional. Pengurangan jam kerja diikuti pengurangan gaji yang diterima karyawan.

 

"Pastinya begitu (pengurangan gaji) karena take home pay pasti berkurang. Gaji bisa turun 20 persen," kata Haryadi

 

Sekretaris Umum APINDO Sanny Iskandar mengatakan, pengurangan jam kerja masih jauh lebih lebih baik ketimbang pemutusan hubungan kerja (PHK). Dia mencatat, penurunan permintaan dari asing sudah terjadi di sejumlah daerah bebebapa tahun terakhir.

 

Ia mengatakan, orientasi kerja di industri garmen condong pada pola padat karya. Produksi lebih banyak melibatkan tenaga manusia ketimbang mesin. "Jadi betul-betul memengaruhi jam kerja kalau produksi mau dikurangi. Faktor upah sangat menentukan," ujar dia.

 

Apindo meminta pemerintah lebih mengetahui struktur pembiayaan di sektor industri garmen agar ongkos produksi di dalam negeri dapat terus ditekan. Daya saing akan meningkat seiring penekanan biaya produksi dalam negeri. Sanny berharap, pemerintah bisa menjaga keberlangsungan industri padat karya.

 

Menurut Sanny, bukan tidak mungkin jika industri semakin melesu akan mengakibatkan PHK. Namun, apabila ada perusahaan memecat karyawan harus berdasarkan peraturan berlaku agar tidak menimbulkan masalah di kemudian hari.

 

Wakil Ketua Kamar Dagang dan Industri (KADIN) Bidang Perdagangan Benny Soetrisno mengatakan, selain permintaan dari luar negeri, pasar dalam negeri juga sedang melesu. "Pengurangan jam kerja ini bersifat insidental, tidak selamanya. Kalau nanti (permintaan) naik lagi, jam kerja ditambah lagi," kata dia.

 

Akibat pengurangan jam kerja menjadi 8 jam, karyawan hanya tidak menerima uang lembur. Standar jam kerja Indonesia sesuai Undang-Undang (UU) No 13/2003 tentang Ketenagakerjaan sebesar 40 jam seminggu atau 8 jam sehari.

 
		
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