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Home arrow Latest News arrow Sustainable Textiles Industry Resilience In The Global Market

Sustainable Textiles Industry Resilience In The Global Market PDF Print E-mail
Written by Maizer   
Tuesday, 22 August 2017

Textile and Textile Products Industry (TPT) is one industry that has always been a government priority to be developed. This is because the industry is labor intensive. Based on data from the Ministry of Industry (Kemenperin), in 2016, the industry is able to absorb labor as much as 17.03 percent of the total workforce in the manufacturing industry, or about 2.9 million workers.


In addition to the labor-intensive industry nature, TPT is a primary requirement for humans. Suppose the current population of Indonesia is about 261 million people. Then everyone buys at least 2 outfits in a year, then there is a need for 522 million pieces of clothing per achievement from within the country.


So the primary need goods, then the potential demand of this industry not only in the country, but also in the global market. Therefore, the textile industry is also an industry that continues to seek to attract exports.


Referring to WTO data, Indonesia is one of 10 countries experiencing trade surplus in trade in TPT sector. The surplus is suspected by China, followed by India, Bangladesh, Turkey and Italy. The five countries are five countries with the largest trade surplus.


In general, textile trade in the global market experienced a trend change after 2000. This was reinforced by the establishment of the WTO in 1995, in which the world trade is as open as the barriers to trade barriers.


Especially for TPT industry, the ending of Multifiber Agreement (MFA), and barrier resistance agreement for TPT products through ATC agreement, also trend of trade trend for textile and textile product.


Ketahanan Industri TPT  Indonesia Di Kancah Pasar Global



Industri Tekstil dan Produk Tekstil (TPT) merupakan salah satu industri yang selalu menjadi prioritas pemerintah untuk dikembangkan. Hal ini disebabkan karena industri bersifat padat karya. Berdasarkan data dari Kementerian Perindustrian (Kemenperin), di tahun 2016, industri ini mampu menyerap tenaga kerja sebanyak 17,03 persen dari total tenaga kerja pada  industri manufaktur, atau sekitar 2,9 juta tenaga kerja.


Selain sifat industri yang padat karya, TPT merupakan kebutuhan primer bagi manusia. Misalkan jumlah penduduk Indonesia saat ini sekitar 261 juta orang. Kemudian setiap orang membeli minimal 2 pakaian dalam satu tahun, maka terdapat kebutuhan sebesar 522 juta potong pakaian per tahunnya dari dalam negeri.


Sebagai barang kebutuhan primer, maka potensi permintaan industri ini tidak hanya di dalam negeri, namun juga di pasar global. Oleh karena itu, industri TPT juga merupakan industri yang terus didorong untuk berorientasi ekspor.


Mengacu pada data WTO, Indonesia merupakan salah satu diantara 10 negara yang mengalami surplus perdagangan dalam perdagangan di sektor TPT. Surplus terbesar dialami oleh China, diikuti oleh India, Bangladesh, Turki dan Itali. Kelima negara tersebut secara berurutan merupakan 5 negara dengan surplus perdagangan terbesar.


Secara umum, perdagangan TPT di pasar global mengalami perubahan tren terutama setelah tahun 2000. Hal ini didorong oleh berdirinya WTO di tahun 1995, dimana perdagangan duni asemakin terbuka seiring dengan penghapusan hambatan perdagangan.


Khusus untuk industri TPT, berakhirnya Multifiber Agreement (MFA), dan kesepakatan penghapusan hambatan perdagangan untuk produk TPT melalui kesepakatan ATC, juga mempengaruhi tren perdagangan untuk tekstil dan produk tekstil.



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