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Home arrow Latest News arrow Irony of Indonesian Textile Cotton


				
			
			
Irony of Indonesian Textile Cotton PDF Print E-mail
Written by Maizer   
Tuesday, 22 August 2017

Textile and textile products (TPT) depend on cotton commodity imports. The lack of production of Indonesian cotton plantation is unable to meet the main needs of raw materials of the textile industry of the archipelago.

 

Since 1994 until now, cotton land has gradually declined. The only solution to be selected is the massive cotton import.

 

Based on data from Director General (DG) Plantation Ministry of Agriculture (Kementan), in 1994 Indonesia has a planting area of ​​34,724 hectares of cotton that can produce 14,260 tons of cotton. This decrease occurs almost every year.

 

Recorded only in 2007, domestic cotton production increased with total production reached 12,768 tons. This is due to the widespread cultivation area of ​​the previous years of 13,737 hectares. Unfortunately the situation did not last long. In 2008, the area of ​​cotton planting area decreased by 200.8 hectares to 11,729 hectares.

 

As a result of the decline, production in 2008 reached only 3,858 tons. More tragic situation occurred in the year 2009. In that year the area of ​​cotton planting increased by an area of ​​12,622 hectares, but the expansion of the land in fact has no impact on the production. In 2009, cotton production was only 3,145 tons.

 

In the past two years the condition of the cotton plantation has become even more alarming. In 2016, the temporary figure of cotton planting area is only 5,919 hectares with 715 tons of production. Meanwhile, in 2017, Directorate General of Plantation estimates that the area of ​​cotton planting can only reach 5,686 hectares with a production of 700 tons.

 

The rise and fall of land area and the desire to grow cotton farmers is caused by many factors. Hence, Member of Commission VI of the Golkar faction, Lili Asdjudireja argued, to overcome this the government should pay attention to the lives of farmers to industrial plants.

 

He said the government can ease their burden by providing low interest rates, energy, to industrial raw materials. So finally Indonesia is not familiar with imported goods again.

 

In fact, Lili added, the government should be able to restore the spirit of the cotton farmers to re-grow crops. But it can be realized with the record, the government would manage to import the best possible taps. Therefore, imported goods entering Indonesia are always cheaper than local produce.

 

"That should be protected because if imported goods are cheaper, domestic products will not be purchased. Domestic production should be cheaper than imports, "he said.

 

 

 

Ironi Kapas Tekstil Indonesia

 

 

Industri tekstil dan produk tekstil (TPT) begitu bergantung pada impor komoditas kapas. Minimnya hasil produksi perkebunan kapas Indonesia tak mampu memenuhi kebutuhan utama bahan baku industri tekstil nusantara.

 

Sejak tahun 1994 hingga saat ini, lahan kapas lambat laun terus mengalami penurunan. Satu-satunya solusi yang harus dipilih adalah impor kapas yang dilakukan secara besar-besaran.

 

Berdasarkan data Direktur Jenderal (Ditjen) Perkebunan Kementerian Pertanian (Kementan), pada tahun 1994 Indonesia memiliki luas tanam kapas seluas 34.724 hektar yang dapat memproduksi 14.260 ton kapas. Penurunan ini terjadi hampir di setiap tahunnya.

 

Tercatat hanya pada tahun 2007, produksi kapas domestik mengalami kenaikan dengan total produksi mencapai 12.768 ton. Hal ini terjadi berkat meluasnya area tanam kapas dari tahun-tahun sebelumnya yakni 13.737 hektar. Sayang keadaan itu tak bertahan lama. Padat tahun 2008, luas area tanam kapas kembali mengalami penurunan sebanyak 200.8 hektar menjadi 11.729 hektar.

 

Akibat penurunan itu, produksi di tahun 2008 hanya mencapai 3.858 ton. Keadaan lebih tragis terjadi di tahun 2009. Di tahun itu luas area tanam kapas mengalami kenaikan yakni seluas 12.622 hektar, tapi perluasan lahan itu nyatanya tak berdampak pada hasil produksi. Di tahun 2009 produksi kapas hanya 3.145 ton.

 

Dua tahun belakangan kondisi perkebunan kapas malah semakin memperihatinkan. Tahun 2016 angka sementara luas area tanam kapas hanya mencapai 5.919 Ha dengan hasil produksi yang hanya 715 ton. Sementara, tahun 2017 ini, Ditjen Perkebunan memperkirakan luas area tanam kapas hanya mampu mencapai 5.686 Ha dengan hasil produksi 700 ton.

 

Naik turunnya luas lahan dan keinginan bercocok tanam para petani kapas ini disebabkan oleh banyak faktor. Makanya, Anggota Komisi VI dari Fraksi Golkar, Lili Asdjudireja berpendapat, untuk mengatasi hal ini pemerintah harus memperhatikan kehidupan para petani hingga pabrik industri.

 

Katanya, pemerintah dapat meringankan beban mereka dengan memberikan suku bunga rendah, energi, hingga bahan baku industri. Sehingga akhirnya Indonesia tak terbiasa dengan barang-barang impor lagi.

 

Sebenarnya, Lili menambahkan, pemerintah harus dapat mengembalikan semangat para petani kapas untuk kembali bercocok tanam. Tapi hal tersebut bisa terwujud dengan catatan, pemerintah mau mengatur keran impor sebaik mungkin. Sebab, barang impor yang masuk ke Indonesia selalu lebih murah dibandingkan hasil produksi lokal.

 

“Itu yang harus diproteksi karena kalau barang impor lebih murah, produk dalam negeri tidak akan dibeli. Harusnya produksi dalam negeri lebih murah dari impor,” ungkapnya.

 
		
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