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Home arrow Latest News arrow Excess of Basic Electricity Rate Tariff


				
			
			
Excess of Basic Electricity Rate Tariff PDF Print E-mail
Written by Maizer   
Friday, 25 August 2017

The government confirmed that the increase in Basic Electricity Tariff (TDL) averaged 10-18 percent as of July 1 this year. Whereas previously, the government said it will not raise the TDL in 2010. The previous reasons the government did cancel the increase in TDL in 2010 on consideration related to the supply of electricity that is still byar-pet.

 

The increase in TDL for the highest business customers hit the 1,300-5,500 VA powerhouse with a 16 percent increase. Industry powered 2,200-200 thousand VA experienced a 12 percent increase in TDL.

 

Now, PLN is still implementing low voltage tariff of Rp670 per kWh for its customers. In fact, in the Work Plan Budget Company (RKAP) 2010, Cost of Supply low voltage electricity supply Rp1.214 per kWh.

 

If the assumptions for margin, depreciation, and other costs reach 12%, the electricity economy tariff is about Rp1.360 per kWh. This is still far adrift with the selling price of electricity. This difference is subsidized by the government.

 

It is also worth considering the position of about 80 percent of PLN customers are household groups. Even if the planned increase in electricity tariff should be done then it should also not be greater than the average of 15 percent. In contrast to the interests of consumers plans TDL increase it feels like simalakama and burdensome.

 

The problem is that the increase in electricity tariff is still colored by the extinction of electricity blackouts. Is there a warranty pascakingkatan TDL it, electricity will not byarpet again. Then, related to the high cost of production and the scarcity of electric power conditions in Indonesia is more due to the mismanagement factor (mismanagement) committed by the government and managers of PT. PLN.

 

It is no longer a matter of high or low TDL. Therefore, it is unfair if the consequences of mismanagement consumer society made as a "horse mount" to bear it.

 

In addition, in the tariff process, the index of consumer satisfaction of electricity on service quality of PT. PLN, plus data on the ability to pay (abality to pay) electricity consumers, the basis for the government to raise or not raise the TDL. Similarly, are low tariffs synonymous with low service quality.

 

Why 'insist' TDL should go up while quality is still sag. Power outages happen everywhere. Does this problem not require the best solution before the TDL is raised? It is not elegant that the problem of electricity crisis is solved by raising the tariff. But it should look for alternative energy.

 

The huge impact of the planned 18 percent increase in basic electricity tariff (TDL) in July 2010 will give the small and medium enterprises of SMEs facing a free market era. Increase in TDL will increasingly burden the poor not to mention the perpetrators of SMEs are currently competing with other Chinese and foreign products.

 

The increase in TDL in July will have a major impact forward. August 2010 has entered the month of Ramadan despite the impact of the increase in TDL on increasing the price of small goods, but still affect the small people especially. Not to mention the psychological and political impact of the increase in TDL.

 

The increase of TDL should be studied deep because PLN's electricity service has not been optimal yet and there are frequent rotating blackouts and other problems. This increase should consider the impact on rising production costs and cost of goods, which will lead to a high cost economy.

 

Can the government find a way out, among others, by compensating the industrial sub-sectors most directly affected by the increase in TDL. It is necessary that the industry's competitiveness is not reduced, especially in the face of the world free market.

 

 

Effect of TDL Increase

 

Ahead of the increase in basic electricity tariff (TDL) per July 1, 2010, can be read the effect of 'follow-up' 'increase in TDL. This effect needs to be maintained as it will potentially trigger inflation. According to Coordinating Minister for Economic Affairs, Hatta Rajasa, the government has calculated that in terms of production costs, the increase in TDL for the load industry is not too high.

 

However, the contribution of price increases that caused prices to rise due to psychological factors. The government does not want this enlargement effect, because the people's purchasing power will be eroded.

 

Ekses Kenaikan Tarif Dasar Listrik

 

Pemerintah memastikan, kenaikan Tarif Dasar Listrik (TDL) rata-rata 10-18 persen per 1 Juli tahun ini. Padahal sebelumnya, pemerintah menyatakan tidak akan menaikkan TDL pada tahun 2010. Alasan sebelumnya pemerintah memang membatalkan kenaikan TDL pada 2010 atas  pertimbangan terkait penyediaan listrik PLN yang masih byar-pet.

 

Kenaikan TDL untuk pelanggan bisnis tertinggi menimpa golongan berdaya 1.300-5.500 VA dengan kenaikan 16 persen. Industri berdaya 2.200-200 ribu VA mengalami kenaikan TDL 12 persen.

 

Kini, PLN masih menerapkan tarif listrik tegangan rendah Rp670 per kWh bagi para pelanggannya. Padahal, dalam Rencana Kerja Anggaran Perusahaan (RKAP) 2010, Biaya Pokok Penyediaan listrik tegangan rendah Rp1.214 per kWh.

 

Bila asumsi untuk margin, depresiasi, dan biaya lain mencapai 12%, tarif keekonomian listrik adalah sekitar Rp1.360 per kWh. Ini masih jauh terpaut dengan harga jual listrik PLN. Selisih ini yang disubsidi oleh pemerintah.

 

Patut pula dipertimbangkan posisi sekitar 80 persen pelanggan PLN adalah kelompok rumah tangga. Kalaupun rencana kenaikan tarif listrik ini harus dilakukan maka itu harusnya juga tak boleh lebih besar dari rata-rata 15 persen itu. Sebaliknya bagi kepentingan konsumen rencana kenaikan TDL itu terasa bagai simalakama dan memberatkan.

 

Masalahnya kenaikan TDL itu masih diwarnai maraknya pemadaman listrik. Apakah ada garansi pascakenaikan TDL itu, listrik tidak bakal byarpet lagi. Kemudian, terkait  mahalnya ongkos produksi dan carut marutnya kondisi ketenagalistrikan di Indonesia lebih dikarenakan faktor salah urus (mismanagement) yang dilakukan oleh pemerintah dan pengelola PT. PLN.

 

Bukan lagi soal tinggi atau rendahnya TDL. Sebab itu, sungguh tidak adil jika akibat salah urus itu masyarakat konsumen dibuat sebagai ”kuda tunggangan” untuk memikulnya.

 

Selain itu dalam proses pentarifan, indeks kepuasan konsumen listrik terhadap kualitas layanan PT. PLN, plus data tentang kemampuan bayar (abality to pay) konsumen listrik, menjadi basis bagi pemerintah untuk menaikkan atau tidak menaikkan TDL. Demikian pula, apakah tarif rendah identik dengan kualitas pelayanan rendah.

 

Mengapa ‘ngotot’ TDL harus naik sementara kualitas masih jeblok. Pemadaman listrik terjadi di mana-mana. Apakah masalah ini tidak memerlukan solusi terbaik sebelum TDL dinaikkan? Tidak eloklah kalau masalah krisis listrik justru diatasi dengan menaikan tarif.  Tetapi harusnya mencari energi alternatif.

 

Dampak besar rencana kenaikan tarif dasar listrik (TDL) sebesar 18 persen pada Juli 2010 akan mememberatkan sektor usaha mikro kecil dan menengah UMKM yang sedang menghadapi era pasar bebas. Kenaikan TDL akan semakin memberatkan masyarakat miskin tidak terkecuali pelaku UMKM yang saat ini tengah bersaing dengan produk China dan asing lainnya.

 

Kenaikan TDL pada Juli ini akan berdampak besar ke depan. Agustus 2010 sudah memasuki bulan Ramadan yang meski dampak kenaikan TDL terhadap peningkatan harga barang kecil, namun tetap berdampak khususnya rakyat kecil. Belum lagi, dampak psikologis dan politis akibat kenaikan TDL itu.

 

Kenaikan TDL harus dikaji mendalam karena selama ini pelayanan listrik dari PLN belum optimal dan masih sering terjadi pemadaman bergilir dan masalah lainnya. Kenaikan ini harus mempertimbangkan dampak terhadap kenaikan biaya produksi dan biaya barang, yang akan menyebabkan ekonomi biaya tinggi.

 

Apakah pemerintah dapat mencarikan jalan keluar antara lain dengan memberikan kompensasi terhadap sub-sektor industri yang paling terkena  dampak langsung dari kenaikan TDL tersebut. Itu diperlukan agar daya saing industri tidak berkurang, terutama menghadapi pasar bebas dunia.

 

Efek Kenaikan TDL

 

Menjelang kenaikan tarif dasar listrik (TDL) per 1 Juli 2010 mendatang, dapat terbaca efek 'ikutan'' kenaikan TDL. Efek  ini perlu dijaga karena akan berpotensi memicu inflasi. Menurut Menko Perekonomian, Hatta Rajasa, pemerintah sudah menghitung bahwa dari sisi biaya produksi, naiknya TDL untuk industri bebannya tidak terlalu tinggi.

 

Namun demikian, sumbangan kenaikan harga yang menyebabkan harga-harga ikut naik akibat faktor psikologis. Pemerintah tidak ingin efek ikutan ini membesar, karena akibatnya daya beli masyarakat akan tergerus.

 
		
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