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Home arrow Latest News arrow Time for Textile Industry Expands


				
			
			
Time for Textile Industry Expands PDF Print E-mail
Written by Maizer   
Thursday, 14 September 2017

Currently considered as the right time for the textile industry to invest in Indonesia or expand its industrial capacity. Because when reviewed globally, based on United Nations Industrial Development Organization (UNIDO) data published in 2017, in 2016, Indonesia was ranked 9th in the world for Manufacturing Value Added (MVA). This position is parallel to Brazil and the UK, even higher than Russia, Australia and other ASEAN countries.

 

This was raised when Minister of Industry Airlangga Hartarto spoke formally at the ITMF International Conference of International Textile Manufacturers Federation in Bali, Friday (15/9). In the third quarter of 2017, four industry sectors showed higher performance than economic growth, namely metal-based industry 7.5%; chemical and pharmaceutical industries 7.37%; food and beverage industry 7.19%; and machinery industry 6.7%.

 

As one of the efforts to promote industrial competitiveness, the Ministry of Industry encourages vocational education, through link and match and also 3 in 1 training, one of which is applied to a number of domestic textile industry.

 

In an international conference attended by, among others, President of The International Textile Manufacturers Federation (ITMF), Jaswinder Bedi; Director General of The International Textile Manufacturers Federation Christian P. Schindler, as well as Chairman of the Indonesian Textile Association (API) Ade Sudradjat and representatives of 36 member countries of ITMF, also highlighted the importance of textile and apparel industries including the footwear industry sector in Indonesia.

 

"That is why the Ministry of Industry is entering them in the category of export-oriented industries as well as the labor-intensive industry sector. The textile industry is also one of the priority industries, so it is included in the National Development Master Plan of 2015 to 20135, "Airlangga said.

 

Menperin explained, "By absorbing direct labor of 2.69 million workers, this sector generates a surplus of USD11.78 billion (8.2% of national exports) and contributes 11.6% to national GDP by 2016.

 

Indonesia's textile industry is classified into three categories: upstream industry dominated by fiber industry, textile sector at medium level consisting of spinning, knitting, weaving (weaving), dyeing (dyeing), and printing and completion of the final product (finishing). While in the downstream sector of the textile industry is in the form of garments and other textile products, "he explained.

 

As an illustration, currently Indonesia's total textile production industry reached 6.62 million tons, with total investment reaching Rp234.3 trillion, and absorbing 2.69 million workers. Based on the target of the Ministry of Industry, the export value of the textile industry in 2019 is targeted to reach Rp15 billion, absorbing direct workforce of 3.11 million people, so that additional new investment and expansion in each sector is required, with additional capacity of 1.638 million tons with investment value Rp81, 45 trillion and additional labor 424,261 people.

 

Saatnya Industri Tekstil Perluas Industrinya

 

Saat ini dianggap sebagai waktu yang tepat bagi industri tekstil berinvestasi di Indonesia atau memperluas kapasitas industrinya. Sebab apabila ditinjau secara global, berdasar data United Nations Industrial Development Organization (UNIDO) yang dipublikasi tahun 2017, di tahun 2016, Indonesia menduduki peringkat 9 di dunia untuk Manufacturing Value Added (MVA). Posisi ini sejajar dengan Brazil dan Inggris, bahkan lebih tinggi dari Rusia, Australia dan negara-negara ASEAN lainnya.

 

Hal tersebut mengemuka saat Menteri Perindustrian Airlangga Hartarto berbicara secara resmi pada konferensi tahunan ITMF –International Textile Manufacturers Federation di Bali, Jumat (15/9). Pada kuartal ketiga tahun 2017, empat sektor industri memperlihatkan kinerja yang lebih tinggi dari pertumbuhan ekonomi, yakni industri berbasis logam 7,5%;  industri kimia dan farmasi 7,37%; industri makanan dan minuman 7,19%; serta industri permesinan 6,7%.

 

Sebagai salah satu upaya mendorong daya saing industri, Kemenperin mendorong pendidikan vokasi, melalui link and match dan juga training 3 in 1, yang salah satunya diterapkan juga kepada sejumlah industri TPT di dalam negeri.

 

Dalam konferensi internasional yang dihadiri antara lain oleh Presiden The International Textile Manufacturers Federation (ITMF), Jaswinder Bedi;  Direktur Jenderal The International Textile Manufacturers Federation Christian P. Schindler, serta Ketua Umum Asosiasi Pertekstilan Indonesia (API) Ade Sudradjat  beserta perwakilan 36 negara anggota ITMF, dikemukakan juga  pentingnya industri tekstil dan apparel termasuk sektor industri alas kaki di Indonesia.

 

“Itu sebabnya Kemenperin memasukkan mereka dalam kategori industri berorientasi ekspor dan juga sektor industri padat karya. Industri tekstil juga menjadi salah satu industri prioritas, sehingga masuk dalam Rencana Induk Pembangunan Industri Nasional tahun 2015 sampai 20135,” papar Airlangga.

 

Menperin menjabarkan, “Dengan menyerap tenaga kerja langsung 2,69 juta pekerja, sektor ini menghasilkan surplus senilai USD11,78 miliar (8,2% dari ekspor nasional) dan berkontribusi 11,6% kepada GDP nasional tahun 2016.

 

Industri tekstil Indonesia diklasifikasi dalam tiga kategori yakni industri hulu yang didominasi oleh sektor industri kain (fiber), sektor tekstil di level medium yang terdiri atas pemintalan (spinning), knitting (rajut), weaving (tenun), dyeing (pencelupan), serta pencetakan dan penyelesaian produk akhir (finishing). Sedang di sektor hilir industri tekstil adalah dalam bentuk garmen dan produk tekstil lainnya,” paparnya.

 

Sebagai ilustrasi, saat ini industri total produksi tekstil Indonesia mencapai 6,62 juta ton, dengan total investasi mencapai Rp234,3 triliun, dan menyerap 2,69 juta tenaga kerja. Berdasarkan target Kementerian Perindustrian, nilai ekspor industri tekstil di tahun 2019 ditargetkan mencapai Rp15 miliar, menyerap tenaga kerja secara langsung 3,11 juta orang, sehingga untuk itu dibutuhkan tambahan investasi baru dan ekspansi di masing-masing sektor, dengan tambahan kapasitas 1,638 juta ton dengan nilai investasi Rp81,45 triliun dan tambahan tenaga kerja 424.261 orang.

 
		
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