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Indonesia-Australia Explores Zero-Percent Import Duty Tariff - Bilateral Trade PDF Print E-mail
Written by Maizer   
Friday, 13 October 2017

Indonesia and Australia are exploring bilateral cooperation for the implementation of zero tariff (0%) tariff on the three main commodities from each country. The related efforts in the Indonesia-Australia Comprehensive Economic Partnership Agreement are expected to spur the growth of the two countries' industries through the expansion of the export market.

 

"We will learn first, because this is a discussion of the implementation of free trade agreement. So, it should be taken into account the advantages and disadvantages, "said Minister of Industry Airlangga Hartarto after receiving Australian Ambassador to Indonesia Paul Grigson at the Ministry of Industry, Jakarta, copied from the official broadcast last week.

 

Minister of Industry conveyed that Australia asked Indonesia to have three commodities free of import duty, namely milk (skim milk and skim milk powder), copper cathode, and steel (hot rolled coil and cold rolled coil). Instead, Australia offers zero percent import duties for the country's three potential commodities. "They offer to be exchanged for textiles, footwear (footwear), and clothing (clothing) whose import duties also become zero percent," he said.

 

According to Airlangga, the exemption of import duty becomes a great opportunity for Indonesian industry to continue to grow and develop. For example in the textile and textile products (TPT). "Currently, China and Vietnam are already subject to zero percent, while exports of Indonesian textile products to America and Europe are still subject to 5-20 percent import duty." With this import duty exemption, our industry will be stronger, "he said.

 

Airlangga hopes that this collaboration can further remind the competitiveness and productivity for the national manufacturing sector through the provision of quality raw materials. Because, during this time Indonesia is still subject to tariffs on the traditional markets such as the United States and the European Union. "This is because we have a high competitiveness, so they put a barricade too," he explained.

 

The national textile industry is able to show its competitiveness in global level. Because, this mainstay sector has been integrated from upstream to downstream and its products are known to have good quality in the international market. "Especially for the sports shoes and apparel industry, we have already passed China. In fact, in Brazil, we have mastered the market there to 80 percent, "said Airlangga.

 

Meanwhile, the Director General for International Industrial Resilience and Development (KPAII) of Ministry of Industry Harjanto said that it would not immediately approve the Australian proposal. Therefore, a comprehensive calculation is required to be mutually beneficial.

 

Harjanto proposed that Australia could use a user specific duty free scheme (USDFS) scheme. That is, zero percent tariff preferences can be given if there is incoming investment. Thus, there is still added value and Indonesia can export to other countries. "The raw materials may be from them to us, but the investment must come in so there is a transfer of technology so that although we still import raw materials, but have the possibility to export derivative products," he said.

 

Australia is one of the investment source countries for Indonesia. BKPM data for the period of 2010-2015 shows the realization of USD 2.1 billion investment consisting of investment in the mining sector, basic chemistry and infrastructure. Of the investment commitments, it was recorded at USD 7.7 billion from the industrial sector of metal, property and livestock sector.

 

The realization of investment figures in the first quarter of 2016 from Australia was USD 59.98 million consisting of 131 investment projects with employment reaching 5,070 people. Overall total investment in the first quarter of 2016 reached Rp 146.5 trillion, an increase of 17.6 percent from the previous period of Rp 124.6 trillion.

 

Previously, the government opened an opportunity to import raw sugar from Australia within the framework of ASEAN-Australia-New Zealand Free Trade Area, and it was agreed that the amount of import duty (BM) of the commodity was five percent. Trade Minister Enggartiasto Lukita said that although the government opens opportunities to import raw sugar from Australia, it does not mean the amount of raw material importation will increase.

 

"The amount is fixed, unchanged, but the source can increase, so the price can go down, we are independent, not monopoly from one country," said Enggartiasto.

 

Indonesia-Australia Jajaki Tarif Bea Masuk  Nol Persen - Perdagangan Bilateral

 

 

 

Indonesia dan Australia tengah menjajaki kerja sama bilateral untuk pemberlakuan tarif bea masuk nol persen (0%) terhadap tiga komoditas unggulan dari masing-masing negara. Upaya yang terkait di dalam Perjanjian Kemitraan Ekonomi Komprehensif Indonesia-Australia ini diharapkan memacu pertumbuhan industri kedua negara melalui perluasan pasar ekspor.

 

“Kami akan pelajari terlebih dahulu, karena ini merupakan pembahasan dari implementasi free trade agreement. Jadi, harus diperhitungkan keuntungan dan kerugiannya,” kata Menteri Perindustrian Airlangga Hartarto seusai menerima Duta Besar Australia untuk Indonesia Paul Grigson di Kementerian Perindustrian, Jakarta, disalin dari siaran resmi, pekan lalu.

 

Menperin menyampaikan, Australia meminta kepada Indonesia agar tiga komoditasnya bisa bebas bea masuk, yaitu susu (skim milk dan skim milk powder), copper cathode, serta baja (hot rolled coil dan cold rolled coil). Sebagai gantinya, Australia memberi tawaran bea masuk nol persen untuk tiga komoditas potensial Tanah Air. "Mereka menawarkan untuk ditukar dengan tekstil, footwear (alas kaki), dan clothing (pakaian) yang bea masuknya juga menjadi nol persen,” ujarnya.

 

Menurut Airlangga, pembebasan bea masuk tersebut menjadi peluang besar bagi industri Indonesia untuk terus tumbuh dan berkembang. Misalnya di sektor tekstil dan produk tekstil (TPT). "Saat ini, Tiongkok dan Vietnam sudah dikenakan nol persen, sedangkan ekspor produk tekstil Indonesia ke Amerika dan Eropa masih kena bea masuk 5-20 persen. Dengan pembebasan bea masuk ini, industri kita akan semakin kuat," ungkapnya.

 

Airlangga berharap, kolaborasi ini dapat lebih meningatkan daya saing dan produktivitas bagi sektor manufaktur nasional melalui penyediaan bahan baku berkualitas. Pasalnya, selama ini Indonesia masih banyak dikenakan tarif bea masu ke pasar tradisional seperti Amerika Serikat dan Uni Eropa. “Ini karena kita punya daya saing tinggi, sehingga mereka pasang barikade juga,” jelasnya.

 

Industri TPT nasional mampu menunjukkan daya saingnya di tingkat global. Pasalnya, sektor andalan ini telah terintegrasi dari hulu sampai hilir dan produknya dikenal memiliki kualitas yang baik di pasar internasional. “Khusus untuk industri shoes and apparel sport, kita sudah melewati Tiongkok. Bahkan, di Brazil, kita sudah menguasai pasar di sana hingga 80 persen,” ucap Airlangga.

 

Sementara itu, Dirjen Ketahanan dan Pengembangan Akses Industri Internasional (KPAII) Kemenperin Harjanto mengemukakan, pihaknya tidak akan langsung menyetujui usulan Australia tersebut. Sebab, diperlukan perhitungan yang komprehensif agar bisa saling menguntungkan.

 

Harjanto mengusulkan, Australia bisa menggunakan skema user specific duty free scheme (USDFS). Artinya, preferensi tarif nol persen dapat diberikan jika ada investasi yang masuk. Dengan demikian, masih ada nilai tambah dan Indonesia bisa melakukan ekspor ke negara lain. "Bahan baku boleh saja dari mereka ke kita, akan tetapi investasi harus masuk sehingga ada transfer teknologi. Dengan begitu walaupun kita masih impor bahan baku, tetapi memiliki kemungkinan untuk ekspor produk turunannya," tuturnya.

 

Australia merupakan salah satu negara sumber investasi bagi Indonesia. Data BKPM periode tahun 2010-2015 menunjukkan realisasi investasi USD 2,1 miliar terdiri dari investasi di sektor pertambangan, kimia dasar dan infrastruktur. Dari komitmen investasi, tercatat sebesar USD 7,7 miliar dari sektor industri logam, properti dan sektor peternakan.

 

Angka realisasi investasi pada triwulan I tahun 2016 dari Australia tercatat sebesar USD 59,98 juta terdiri dari 131 proyek investasi dengan penyerapan tenaga kerja mencapai 5.070 orang. Secara keseluruhan total investasi yang masuk triwulan pertama 2016 tercatat mencapai Rp 146,5 triliun atau meningkat 17,6 persen dari periode sebelumnya sebesar Rp 124,6 triliun.

 

Sebelumnya, pemerintah membuka peluang importasi gula mentah dari Australia dalam kerangka ASEAN-Australia-New Zealand Free Trade Area, dan disepakati bahwa besaran bea masuk (BM) komoditas tersebut sebesar lima persen. Menteri Perdagangan Enggartiasto Lukita mengatakan bahwa meski pemerintah membuka peluang impor gula mentah dari Australia tersebut, bukan berarti jumlah importasi bahan baku akan meningkat.

 

"Jumlahnya tetap, tidak berubah. Tetapi sumber bisa bertambah, dengan demikian harga bisa turun, kita tidak tergantung, tidak monopoli dari satu negara," kata Enggartiasto.

 

 
		
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