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The performance of the textile and garment industry in 2016: Exports fell 1.9% while domestic garment consumption rose 2.2%.


	
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Home arrow Latest News arrow Textile Exports This Year Up 5%


				
			
			
Textile Exports This Year Up 5% PDF Print E-mail
Written by Maizer   
Friday, 29 December 2017

The textile industry succeeded in efficiency by moving its production facilities from Jabodetabek to regions with lower minimum wages.

 

After several sluggish years, textile exports eventually grew 5% this year. Until last November, textile exports reached US $ 12.4 billion or exceeded the 2017 target of US $ 11.8 billion.

 

Chairman of the Indonesian Textile Association (API) Ade Sudrajat said the export of textile products this year is still dominated by countries that have become the main market. "The high export is still supported by traditional countries, namely the United States, Europe and Japan," said Ade

 

Meanwhile, from the production side, Ade said, the domestic textile industry has also made efficiency by moving their factories to Central Java area from Jakarta-Bogor-Depok-Tangerang-Bekasi (Jabodetabek). The reason, Provincial Minimum Wage (UMP) in the areas around the capital city is much more expensive.

 

He explains, Indonesia's global textile export potential will continue to grow with the same value in 2018. However, Ade requested that the government provide comfort to the industry players.

 

Ade also hopes that trade negotiations with countries and regions such as Australia and the EU can be finalized so that Indonesia gets an import duty exemption facility for textile products. Likewise trading cooperation that has been agreed with Chile can boost exports to Latin America.

 

Although, the API also anticipates the entry into force of Vietnam's trade agreement with the EU that exempts import duty on textile products. Ade said, the market share of Indonesia to the European Union could be eroded by competitor countries.

 

Meanwhile, according to Ade, exports to non-traditional markets such as the Middle East have not been too significant. "Countries like Syria, Libya and Egypt are unlikely to import due to the crisis," he said.

 

Based on data from the Central Bureau of Statistics (BPS) processed by API, Indonesia's total textile exports throughout 2016 reached US $ 11.83 billion, or stagnant since 2012. The largest export destination of textile in the country is the United States (US) of 32.34% , EU 14.97%, and Japan 10.08%.

 

More specifically, the Ministry of Industry noted that the export value of batik and its derivative products until October 2017 reached US $ 51.15 million. Just like the general textile, Indonesian batik importers come from Japan, USA, and Europe.

 

"The national batik industry has a comparative and competitive competitiveness in the international market. Indonesia became the market leader who controls the world batik market, "said Director General of Small and Medium Industry (IKM), Ministry of Industry, Gati Wibawaningsih.

 

 

Ekspor Tekstil Tahun Ini Naik 5%

 

 

Industri tekstil berhasil melakukan efisiensi dengan memindahkan fasilitas produksinya dari Jabodetabek ke daerah dengan upah minimum yang lebih rendah.

 

Setelah beberapa tahun lesu, ekspor tekstil akhirnya tumbuh 5% pada tahun ini. Hingga November lalu, ekspor tekstil mencapai US$ 12,4 miliar atau melampaui target 2017 yakni US$ 11,8 miliar.

 

Ketua Asosiasi Pertekstilan Indonesia (API) Ade Sudrajat menyatakan, ekspor produk tekstil tahun ini masih didominasi oleh negara-negara yang memang telah menjadi pasar utama. "Tingginya ekspor masih terus ditopang oleh negara-negara tradisional, yaitu Amerika Serikat, Eropa, dan Jepang," ujar Ade

 

Sementara dari sisi produksi, Ade menyatakan, industri tekstil di dalam negeri juga telah melakukan efisiensi dengan memindahkan pabrik-pabrik mereka ke daerah Jawa Tengah dari kawasan Jakarta-Bogor-Depok-Tangerang-Bekasi (Jabodetabek). Pasalnya, Upah Minimum Provinsi (UMP) di daerah-daerah sekitar Ibu Kota jauh lebih mahal.

 

Ia menjelaskan, potensi ekspor global tekstil Indonesia akan terus tumbuh dengan nilai yang sama pada 2018. Namun, Ade meminta supaya pemerintah memberikan kenyamanan terhadap pelaku industri.

 

Ade juga berharap perundingan dagang dengan negara dan kawasan seperti Australia dan Uni Eropa bisa segera dirampungkan agar Indonesia mendapat fasilitas pembebasan bea masuk untuk produk tekstil. Begitu juga kerja sama dagang yang telah disepakati dengan Cile dapat mendongkrak ekspor ke kawasan Amerika Latin.

 

Meski, API juga mengantisipasi mulai berlakunya perjanjian dagang Vietnam dengan Uni Eropa yang membebaskan bea masuk produk tekstil. Ade mengungkapkan, pangsa pasar Indonesia ke Uni Eropa bisa tergerus oleh negara kompetitor.

 

Sementara, menurut Ade, ekspor ke pasar nontradisional seperti Timur Tengah belum terlalu signifikan. "Negara-negara seperti Suriah, Libya, dan Mesir tidak mungkin impor karena dilanda krisis," katanya.

 

Berdasarkan data Badan Pusat Statistik (BPS) yang diolah API, total ekspor tekstil Indonesia sepanjang 2016 mencapai US$ 11,83 miliar, atau stagnan sejak 2012. Negara tujuan ekspor tekstil dalam negeri paling banyak adalah Amerika Serikat (AS) sebesar 32,34%, Uni Eropa 14,97%, dan Jepang 10,08%.

 

Lebih spesifik, Kementerian Perindustrian mencatat, nilai ekspor batik dan produk turunannya sampai Oktober 2017 mencapai US$ 51,15 juta. Sama seperti tekstil pada umumnya, importir batik Indonesia berasal dari Jepang, Amerika Serikat, dan Eropa.

 

“Industri batik nasional memiliki daya saing komparatif dan kompetitif di pasar internasional. Indonesia menjadi market leader yang menguasai pasar batik dunia,” kata Direktur Jenderal Industri Kecil dan Menengah (IKM), Kementerian Perindustrian, Gati Wibawaningsih.

 
		
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