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Home arrow Latest News arrow Will Middle East Geopolitics Affect Textile Exports?


				
			
			
Will Middle East Geopolitics Affect Textile Exports? PDF Print E-mail
Written by Maizer   
Tuesday, 02 January 2018

Indonesia's textile and garment industry will be faced with the challenge of increasingly tight export market competition. That's because regional competitors in ASEAN, namely Vietnam has received a tariff of 0% import duty to the EU (EU).

 

Ade Sudrajat Usman, Chairman of the Indonesian Textile Association (API) explained that in January 2018, Vietnam has received the 0% tariff, so that Vietnam's place order for European buyers can be cheaper 11-15 percent. Meanwhile, Indonesia is still negotiating the possibility of exemption of import duty tariff to Europe.

 

According to Ade, the possibility of negotiations is completed in 2019 and the new implementation can be run in 2020. "So we have started to suffer a little in 3 years," he said.

 

The EU's share of total Indonesian textile exports annually reaches 13% -14%. "With duty free Vietnam can certainly steal the export market," said Ade.

 

Therefore for Indonesia's export market to Europe in 2018 is estimated there is a significant decline compared to the year 2017 which is about 4% -5%. To anticipate the decline of textile exports, export markets to the United States (US) has a chance to be pushed more.

 

However, Ade said, with the geopolitical conditions in the Middle East, when the United States declared Jerusalem as the capital of Israel a certain consideration to free textile export duties to Uncle Sam's country because the Indonesian government is known to reject the recognition.

 

Nevertheless, the global textile and garment market is still very large. Ade said, Indonesia is still a great opportunity to widen the wings in other regions such as Asean, Japan and the Middle East.

 

As for the end of 2017, there is an increase in exports by approximately 5% compared to the previous year. "From US $ 11.8 billion in 2016 to US $ 12.4 billion in 2017," said Ade.

 

Apakah Geopolitik Timur Tengah Akan Berdampak Kepada Ekspor Tekstil?

 

Industri tekstil dan garmen Indonesia bakal dihadapkan dengan tantangan akan kompetisi pasar ekspor yang semakin ketat. Itu lantaran kompetitor regional di Asean, yakni Vietnam telah mendapatkan tarif 0% bea masuk impor ke Uni Eropa (UE).

 

Ade Sudrajat Usman, Ketua Asosiasi Pertekstilan Indonesia (API) menjelaskan, pada Januari 2018 ini Vietnam sudah dapatkan tarif 0% itu, sehingga place order Vietnam bagi para pembeli Eropa bisa lebih murah 11%-15%. Sementara itu, Indonesia masih merundingkan kemungkinan pembebasan tarif bea masuk ke Eropa tersebut.

 

Menurut Ade, kemungkinan perundingan selesai di 2019 dan implementasi baru bisa dijalankan di 2020. "Jadi kita sudah mulai menderita sedikit dalam 3 tahun ini," sebutnya.

 

Porsi UE terhadap total ekspor tekstil Indonesia tiap tahun mencapai 13%-14%. "Dengan bebas bea masuk Vietnam tentu bisa mencuri pasar ekspor tersebut," tutur Ade.

 

Oleh karenanya untuk pasar ekspor Indonesia ke Eropa di 2018 ini diperkirakan ada penurunan yang cukup signifikan dibandingkan tahun 2017 yakni sekitar 4%-5%. Untuk mengantisipasi menurunnya ekspor tekstil, pasar ekspor ke Amerika Serikat (AS) berpeluang untuk didorong lebih besar.

 

Namun kata Ade, dengan kondisi geopolitik di Timur Tengah, ketika AS menyatakan Jerusalem sebagai ibukota Israel menjadi pertimbangan tertentu untuk membebaskan bea masuk ekspor tekstil ke negara Paman Sam sebab pemerintahan Indonesia diketahui menolak pengakuan tersebut.

 

Namun demikian, pasar tekstil dan garmen di level global masih sangat besar. Ade mengatakan, Indonesia masih berpeluang besar untuk memperlebar sayap di regional lain seperti Asean, Jepang dan Timur Tengah.

 

Adapun sampai akhir 2017, ada kenaikan ekspor kurang lebih 5% dibandingkan tahun sebelumnya. "Dari US$ 11,8 miliar di 2016 menjadi US$ 12,4 miliar di 2017," kata Ade.

 
		
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