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Home arrow Latest News arrow Center for Work Training Development (BBPLK) Soon Open to "Fashion Design"


				
			
			
Center for Work Training Development (BBPLK) Soon Open to "Fashion Design" PDF Print E-mail
Written by Maizer   
Wednesday, 24 January 2018

Almost a year ago President Joko Widodo inaugurated the expansion of PT Sri Rejeki Isman (Sritex) factory in Sukoharjo District, Central Java.

 

The expansion then has an impact on the increasing labor needs of some 3,500 people. Currently, Sritex has more than 50,000 workers in textile and garment factories.

 

The development of the factory opened the facts about the development of textile and garment industry in Central Java, which is suspected to be developing. Unfortunately, these developments are based on low labor costs in Central Java.

 

That is what later became the reason why a number of garment and textile sector entrepreneurs moved their factories from West Java and Banten to the region.

 

Central Java Governor Ganjar Pranowo late last year announced the increase of provincial minimum wage (UMP) from Rp 1,367,000 to Rp 1,486,065 in 2018. After rising 8.7 percent, it turns out UMP Central Java is still much cheaper than UMP Banten which originally Rp 1,931,180 and then rose 8.7 percent to Rp 2,099,385. Meanwhile, UMP West Java in 2017 amounted to Rp 1,420,624 rose 8.7 percent to Rp 1,544,360.

 

With the entry of a number of investments, the Indonesian Employers' Association (Apindo) of Central Java predicts that the need for new manpower in Central Java annually reaches 2,000 people. Of the total workforce needs, approximately 70 to 80 percent absorbed in the garment sector. The rest, distributed in a number of sectors, such as textiles, furniture, and shoes.

 

Even so, the need for labor can not be absorbed at the same time. The problem is, it is not easy for employers to gain skilled labor, particularly in the garment sector.

 

The average graduate of Vocational High School (SMK) needs to be trained for three to six months to master sewing techniques.

 

Government plan

 

With that limitation, the government plans to open the fashion design department at the Center for Job Training (BBPLK) Semarang. The target is the younger generation.

 

"We are developing fashion design majors to attract millennials," said Muhammad Hanif Dhakiri, Minister of Manpower and Transmigration at his office.

 

Plunging into the fashion industry is so seductive. By 2015, the industry includes three sub-sectors of the creative economy that contribute substantially to Indonesia's gross domestic product (GDP).

 

Based on the record of Creative Economy Agency (Bekraf), creative economic contribution to Indonesia's gross domestic product (GDP) in 2014 is Rp 784.82 trillion. The value increased 8.6 percent in 2015 to Rp 852 trillion.

 

Culinary sub-sector accounted for 41.69 percent, followed by fashion that occupied the second position, which was 18.15 percent, and craft 15.70 percent.

 

Therefore, the plan of the Ministry of Manpower and Transmigration (Kemenakertrans) opened the fashion design department in Semarang not without reason. In addition, the fact that the garment industry in Central Java is growing rapidly is not accompanied by the availability of skilled personnel as well as mastering the concept and managerial.

 

 

Balai Besar Pengembangan Latihan Kerja (BBPLK)  Segera Buka Jurusan "Fashion Design"

 

 

Hampir setahun lalu Presiden RI Joko Widodo meresmikan perluasan pabrik PT Sri Rejeki Isman (Sritex) di Kabupaten Sukoharjo, Jawa Tengah.

 

Perluasan itu kemudian berdampak pada meningkatnya kebutuhan tenaga kerja sejumlah 3.500 orang. Saat ini, Sritex memiliki lebih dari 50.000 pekerja di pabrik tekstil dan garmen.

 

Perkembangan pabrik itu membuka fakta soal perkembangan industri tekstil dan garmen di Jawa Tengah yang ditengarai sedang berkembang. Sayangnya, perkembangan tersebut didasari karena upah buruh di Jawa Tengah dinilai rendah.

 

Hal itulah yang kemudian disebut menjadi alasan mengapa sejumlah pengusaha sektor garmen dan tekstil memindahkan pabriknya dari Jawa Barat dan Banten ke wilayah tersebut.

 

Gubernur Jawa Tengah Ganjar Pranowo akhir tahun lalu mengumumkan kenaikan upah minimum provinsi (UMP) dari Rp 1.367.000 menjadi Rp 1.486.065 pada 2018. Setelah naik 8,7 persen, ternyata UMP Jawa Tengah masih jauh lebih murah ketimbang UMP Banten yang semula Rp 1.931.180 lalu naik 8,7 persen menjadi Rp 2.099.385. Sedangkan, UMP Jawa Barat pada 2017 sebesar Rp 1.420.624 naik 8,7 persen menjadi Rp 1.544.360.

 

Dengan masuknya sejumlah investasi, Asosiasi Pengusaha Indonesia (Apindo) Jawa Tengah memprediksi, kebutuhan tenaga kerja baru di Jawa Tengah setiap tahunnya mencapai 2.000 orang. Dari total kebutuhan tenaga kerja itu, sekira 70 hingga 80 persen terserap di sektor garmen. Sisanya, terdistribusi pada sejumlah sektor, seperti tekstil, mebel, dan sepatu.

 

Meski begitu, kebutuhan tenaga kerja tak mungkin diserap dalam waktu bersamaan. Persoalannya, tidak mudah bagi pengusaha untuk mendapatkan tenaga kerja terampil, utamanya di sektor garmen.

 

Rata-rata lulusan Sekolah Menengah Kejuruan (SMK) perlu dilatih tiga sampai enam bulan untuk menguasai teknik menjahit.

 

Rencana pemerintah

 

Dengan keterbatasan itu, pemerintah berencana membuka jurusan fashion design di Balai Besar Pengembangan Latihan Kerja (BBPLK) Semarang. Adapun targetnya ialah generasi muda.

 

“Kami kembangkan jurusan fashion design untuk menarik minat generasi milenial,” kata Menteri Ketenagakerjaan dan Transmigrasi Muhammad Hanif Dhakiri di kantornya,.

 

Terjun ke industri fashion memang begitu menggiurkan. Per 2015, industri ini termasuk tiga sub-sektor ekonomi kreatif yang berkontribusi besar terhadap produk domestik bruto (PDB) Indonesia.

 

Berdasarkan catatan Badan Ekonomi Kreatif (Bekraf), kontribusi ekonomi kreatif terhadap produk domestik bruto (PDB) Indonesia pada 2014 adalah Rp 784,82 triliun. Nilai tersebut meningkat 8,6 persen pada 2015 menjadi Rp 852 triliun.

 

Sub-sektor kuliner tercatat berkontribusi sebesar 41,69 persen, kemudian fashion yang menempati posisi kedua, yakni sebesar 18,15 persen, dan kriya sebesar 15,70 persen.

 

Karenanya, rencana Kementerian Tenaga Kerja dan Transmigrasi (Kemenakertrans) membuka jurusan fashion design di Semarang bukan tanpa alasan. Ditambah lagi fakta mengenai industri garmen di Jawa Tengah yang memang tumbuh pesat tidak dibarengi dengan ketersediaan tenaga terampil sekaligus menguasai konsep dan manajerial.

 
		
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