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Home arrow Latest News arrow API: Need Synergy for Indonesian Manufacturing Can Show Strength


				
			
			
API: Need Synergy for Indonesian Manufacturing Can Show Strength PDF Print E-mail
Written by Maizer   
Monday, 12 February 2018

Secretary General of Indonesian Textile Association (API) Ernovian G. Ismy said that the main challenge in boosting manufacturing growth is to improve the weak synergy between government agencies and between business actors.

 

According to him, intergovernmental synergies can be done from the implementation of unaddressed import policies to energy subsidies, so that the competitiveness of national business actors will be better. Without a strong synergy, he continued, the national manufacturing industry is difficult to show off and compete in the global and regional level.

 

In the context of textile, Ernovian said, there are two main challenges to increase growth ie production and distribution. On the production side, he explained, there are certain types of raw materials that can not be produced so that no problem if imported. However, not all textile materials can be imported because most of them have been fulfilled in the country.

 

The presence of Bonded Logistics Center (PLB), according to him, one of them serves to supervise the import of raw materials. "However, the production pattern is still not systematically well at the moment," he explained

 

In terms of sales, production costs in the upstream industry are high, causing further price to be lowered. As a result, imports of finished goods become an option, when the government should oversee well. Domestic production should take precedence.

 

He claims that currently there are only 31 players of upstream textile industry, while the middle business actors are 1,600 units. As for the downstream sector as many as 3,000 business actors. Supervision of the type of raw materials, he said, is very important to maintain the continuity of the supply chain of textile business.

 

"After that, we just say transportation, logistics and warehouse. Just see how our competitiveness, "he added.

 

He predicts that the growth of textile sector this year will move stagnant. The reason, for now there is no new export market. In the local market, according to him, the growth continues to decline because of the price of local producers are too uncompetitive.

 

"If it grows it will be very thin. This is what I mean need harmonization, need synergy of government and business actor, we talk Indonesia. We are not against imports. Imports are high then the trade balance is negative, "he added.

 

Chairman of the Indonesian Electrical Appliances Industry Association (Aperlindo) John Manoppo said the biggest challenge in the national skills sector today is the government's willingness to synergize with domestic capability industry to stem the flood of imported lighting products.

 

According to him, sales of LED lights emitting diodes from local producers this year are predicted to be stagnant. If it does not change the marketing strategy, the share of local manufacturers LED lights is predicted to stagnate with a downward trend.

 

John said, the need for lights in the domestic market is very large but competition with imported products is also very tight. He mentioned, LED light market this year is predicted to grow 20% -30% but only one-third of the market that can be fulfilled by local players.

 

 

API: Butuh Sinergi Agar Manufaktur Indonesia Dapat Menunjukan Kekuatan

 

Sekjen Asosiasi Pertekstilan Indonesia (API) Ernovian G. Ismy mengatakan bahwa tantangan utama dalam mendongkrak pertumbuhan manufaktur adalah memperbaiki lemahnya sinergi antarlembaga pemerintah maupun antarpelaku usaha.

 

Menurutnya, sinergi antarpemerintah bisa dilakukan mulai dari penerapan kebijakan impor yang tak serampangan hingga subsidi energi, agar daya saing pelaku usaha nasional menjadi lebih baik. Tanpa adanya sinergi yang kuat, lanjutnya, industri manufaktur nasional sulit unjuk gigi dan bersaing di tingkat global dan regional.

 

Dalam konteks pertekstilan, kata Ernovian, terdapat dua tantangan utama untuk meningkatkan pertumbuhan yakni produksi dan distribusi. Pada sisi produksi, jelasnya, terdapat bahan baku jenis tertentu yang belum bisa diproduksi sehingga tidak masalah jika diimpor. Namun, tidak semua bahan pertekstilan bisa diimpor karena sebagian besar telah dapat dipenuhi di dalam negeri.

 

Kehadiran Pusat Logistik Berikat (PLB), menurut dia, salah satunya berfungsi untuk mengawasi impor bahan baku. “Namun, pola produksi masih tidak tersistem dengan baik saat ini,” paparnya

 

Dari sisi penjualan, biaya produksi di industri hulu terbilang tinggi sehingga menyebabkan harga selanjutnya sulit diturunkan. Alhasil, impor barang jadi menjadi pilihan, padahal seharusnya pemerintah mengawasi dengan baik. Produksi dalam negeri seharusnya wajib diutamakan.

 

Dia mengklaim, saat ini hanya terdapat 31 pelaku industri hulu tekstil, sedangkan pelaku usaha pada bagian tengah sebanyak 1.600 buah. Adapun pada sektor hilir sebanyak 3.000 pelaku usaha. Pengawasan jenis bahan baku, tegasnya, sangat penting untuk menjaga kelangsungan rantai pasok pelaku usaha tekstil.

 

“Setelah itu, baru kita ngomong transportasi, logistik dan gudang. Tinggal lihat bagaimana daya saing kita,” tambahnya.

 

Dia memprediksi bahwa pertumbuhan sektor pertekstilan pada tahun ini akan bergerak stagnan. Alasannya, untuk sementara ini belum ada pasar ekspor baru. Di pasar lokal pun, menurutnya, pertumbuhan terus menurun karena harga dari produsen lokal yang kelewat tidak kompetitif.

 

“Kalau masih tumbuh pun bakal tipis sekali. Inilah yang saya maksud butuh harmonisasi, butuh sinergi pemerintah dan pelaku usaha, kita bicara Indonesia. Kami tidak menentang impor. Impor tinggi maka neraca perdagangan negatif,” imbuhnya.

 

Ketua Asosiasi Industri Perlampuan Listrik Indonesia (Aperlindo) John Manoppo mengatakan, tantangan terbesar di sektor perlampuan nasional saat ini adalah kemauan pemerintah bersinergi dengan industri perlampuan dari dalam negeri untuk membendung banjirnya produk lampu impor.

 

Menurutnya, penjualan lampu LED alias light emmitting diode dari produsen lokal pada tahun ini diprediksi stagnan. Jika tidak mengubah strategi pemasaran, pangsa lampu LED produsen lokal diprediksi stagnan dengan kecenderungan menurun.

 

John menuturkan, kebutuhan lampu di pasar domestik sangat besar tetapi persaingan dengan produk impor juga sangat ketat. Dia menyebutkan, pasar lampu LED pada tahun ini diprediksi tumbuh 20%—30% tetapi hanya sepertiga pasar yang mampu dipenuhi oleh pemain lokal.

 
		
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