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Home arrow Latest News arrow Bappenas: Stagnant Industry Productivity, Export Goods Still Homogeneous


				
			
			
Bappenas: Stagnant Industry Productivity, Export Goods Still Homogeneous PDF Print E-mail
Written by Maizer   
Tuesday, 17 April 2018

Head of National Development Planning Agency (Bappenas) Bambang Brodjonegoro highlighted the national industrial productivity that remains stagnant. This is reflected in the lack of new product development for export purposes.

 

"Currently, the characteristics of Indonesia's export products are homogeneous and we are left behind in developing new products in manufacturing," said Bambang in The 4th Industrial Dialogue Grand Session: The Study on the Promotion of Globally Competitive Industry in Jakarta.

 

According to him, Indonesia's export products are concentrated in mining commodities, such as coal, crude palm oil (CPO), and rubber. In addition, there is little contribution from the export of machinery goods.

 

The facts also appear in the Atlas of Economic Complexity data published by Harvard University. Products exported Indonesia has a limited variety, dominated by commodity-based products and has limited relevance to other sectors.

 

"Indonesia's exports are still limited to export of textiles, plantation and timber products, and chemical products," he said. (Also read: Indonesia Initiation of Trade Negotiations with Three African Countries)

 

While Thailand and Malaysia have more heterogeneous export product characteristics. Both countries are also considered to have a better position in capturing changes in global consumption and able to encourage added value to face fluctuations in commodity prices.

 

Furthermore, Bambang highlighted the low proportion of Indonesian export products with high technology content. According to him, it indicates that Indonesia has not participated optimally in the global value chain.

 

Thus, it encourages the development of more diverse export products. The goal is to increase Indonesia's competitiveness in global markets and boost the country's per capita income.

 

The industrial sector is expected to be the main driver of the national economy with an average growth of 7.8% per year and contribution to the economy by 32%.

 

In the Government Work Plan (RKP) 2019, the government targets the national industrial sector to grow between 5.1-5.6% on an annual basis. To achieve these targets, the government will focus on several strategic issues, such as increased manufacturing value added, business climate, productivity, technological content, and export of manufactured products.

 

Some of the government's work plans to achieve these targets include the development of small and medium enterprises (UMKM) based agricultural industries; development of upstream industries, supporting industries, and industrial zoning; increase in manufacturing exports; development of the competence of Human Resource (HR) industry through vocational education; and increased research and industry development.

 

 

 

Bappenas: Produktivitas Industri Stagnan, Barang Ekspor Masih Homogen

 

 

Kepala Badan Perencanaan Pembangunan Nasional (Bappenas) Bambang Brodjonegoro menyoroti produktivitas industri nasional yang masih stagnan. Hal tersebut tercermin dari minimnya pengembangan produk baru untuk keperluan ekspor.

 

“Saat ini karakteristik produk ekspor Indonesia bersifat homogen dan kita tertinggal dalam mengembangkan produk baru di bidang manufaktur,” kata Bambang dalam acara The 4th Industrial Dialogue Grand Session: The Study on the Promotion of Globally Competitive Industry di Jakarta.

 

Menurut dia, produk ekspor Indonesia terkonsentrasi pada komoditas pertambangan, seperti batubara, minyak sawit mentah atau crude palm oil (CPO), dan karet. Selain itu, ada sedikit kontribusi dari ekspor barang permesinan.

 

Fakta tersebut juga mencuat dalam data Atlas of Economic Complexity yang diterbitkan Harvard University. Produk yang diekspor Indonesia memiliki ragam yang terbatas, didominasi produk berbasis komoditas dan memiliki kaitan yang terbatas dengan sektor-sektor lain.

 

“Ekspor Indonesia masih terbatas untuk ekspor tekstil, hasil perkebunan dan kayu, dan produk kimia,” kata dia. (Baca juga: Indonesia Inisiasi Perundingan Dagang dengan Tiga Negara Afrika)

 

Sementara Thailand dan Malaysia memiliki karakteristik produk ekspor yang lebih heterogen. Kedua negara tersebut pun dianggap memiliki posisi yang lebih baik dalam menangkap perubahan konsumsi global serta mampu mendorong nilai tambah untuk menghadapi fluktuasi harga komoditas.

 

Lebih jauh, Bambang menyoroti rendahnya proporsi produk ekspor Indonesia yang memiliki kandungan teknologi tinggi. Menurut dia, hal itu mengindikasikan lndonesia belum berpartisipasi optimal dalam rantai nilai global.

 

Maka itu, ia mendorong pengembangan produk ekspor yang lebih beragam. Tujuannya, untuk meningkatkan daya saing Indonesia di pasar global dan menggenjot pendapatan per kapita negara.

 

Adapun sektor industri diharapkan menjadi penggerak utama perekonomian nasional dengan rata-rata pertumbuhan mencapai 7,8% per tahun dan kontribusi terhadap perekonomian sebesar 32%.

 

Dalam Rencana Kerja Pemerintah (RKP) 2019, pemerintah menargetkan sektor industri nasional tumbuh antara 5,1-5,6% secara tahunan. Untuk mencapai target tersebut, pemerintah akan fokus pada beberapa isu strategis, seperti peningkatan nilai tambah manufaktur, iklim usaha, produktivitas, kandungan teknologi, dan ekspor produk manufaktur.

 

Beberapa rencana kerja pemerintah untuk mencapai target tersebut antara lain pengembangan industri berbasis Usaha Mikro Kecil dan Menengah (UMKM) pertanian; pengembangan industri hulu, industri pendukung, dan perwilayahan industri; peningkatan ekspor manufaktur; pengembangan kompetensi Sumber Daya Manusia (SDM) industri melalui pendidikan vokasi; serta peningkatan penelitian dan pengembangan industry.

 
		
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