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Home arrow Latest News arrow Positive and Negative Impacts for RI Due to US-China Trade War

Positive and Negative Impacts for RI Due to US-China Trade War PDF Print E-mail
Written by Maizer   
Thursday, 21 June 2018

Conflicts between the United States (US) and China-related trade war initiated by US President Donald Trump can in fact have a negative and positive impact on Indonesia. This is said by the Chairman of the Indonesian Employers Association (Apindo) Haryadi Sukamdani.


"Our country will be affected by negative impact, especially since we have good relations with both countries, there must be impact," he said.


Haryadi explained, the US imposed high import tariffs for countries that do more exports than imports from the US. Therefore, the US took such measures to overcome its country deficit.


"Indonesia is actually also exposed to the imposition of high import tariffs Trump, but baseball as high as China, so baseball is too excited like China and the US," he added.


He revealed that the industrial sector that also felt the impact of the US-China trade war is one of the textile industry. He said that currently the US Generalized System of Preference (GSP) facility on Indonesian textile products has been revoked.


GSP is one of the trading mechanisms that impose import duty tariff (BM) from developed countries to developing countries using form A.


"Of course we feel the impact, one of which our textile products to the US is GSP has been revoked.This makes the price of textiles in the US can not compete with other textile products," he said.


In addition, a rift between China and the United States will make both countries seek new markets to distribute products that should be exported to China or the US.


"China, for example, is exporting textiles to the United States, but because of this high import tariffs China will not export to the US anymore, they need new markets.Indonesia can be one of its new target markets.This could make our textile products also lose competitiveness, "he said.


Even so, Haryadi said, Indonesia can feel the positive impact of trade wars that occurred between the two. Although there are very few possibilities, he said Indonesia could also take the opportunity to replace some of the products needed by both countries.


"China imposes expensive tariffs on imported soybeans, surely they are looking for other alternatives to meet the needs of vegetable oil from soybeans, so Indonesia can replace it with CPO (Crude Palm Oil)," he concluded.


Dampak Positif dan Negatif bagi RI Akibat Perang Dagang AS-China


Bersitegang antara Amerika Serikat (AS) dan China terkait perang dagang yang dimulai oleh Presiden AS Donald Trump nyatanya bisa membawa dampak negatif dan positif bagi Indonesia. Hal ini dikatakan oleh Ketua Umum Asosiasi Pengusaha Indonesia (Apindo) Haryadi Sukamdani.


"Negara kita pasti akan terkena imbas negatifnya. Apalagi kita berhubungan baik dengan kedua negara tersebut. Pasti ada dampaknya," katanya


Haryadi menjelaskan, AS memberlakukan tarif impor tinggi bagi negara-negara yang lebih banyak melakukan ekspor dibanding impor dari AS. Karenanya, AS mengambil tindakan tersebut untuk mengatasi defisit negaranya.


"Indonesia sebenarnya juga terkena pengenaan tarif impor tinggi Trump, tapi enggak setinggi China. Makanya enggak terlalu heboh seperti China dan AS," tambahnya.


Dia mengungkapkan, sektor industri yang turut merasakan dampak dari perang dagang AS-China ini salah satunya industri tekstil. Dia mengatakan, saat ini fasilitas Generalised System of Preference (GSP) dari AS terhadap produk tekstil Indonesia sudah dicabut.


GSP merupakan salah satu mekanisme perdagangan yang memberikan penurunan tarif bea masuk (BM) dari negara-negara maju kepada negara-negara berkembang dengan menggunakan form A.


"Tentu kita merasakan betul dampaknya. Salah satunya produk tekstil kita ke AS itu GSP nya sudah dicabut. Hal ini membuat harga tekstil di AS tidak bisa bersaing dengan produk tekstil lainnya," ujar dia.


Selain itu, bersitegang antara China dan AS akan membuat kedua negara ini mencari pasar baru untuk mendistribusikan produk yang harusnya di ekspor ke China atau AS.


"China misalnya, dia mengekspor tekstil ke AS, tapi karena ada pengenaan tarif impor yang tinggi ini kan China enggak akan ekspor ke AS lagi, mereka butuh pasar baru. Indonesia bisa jadi salah satu pasar baru sasarannya. Hal ini bisa membuat produk tekstil kita juga kalah saing," katanya.


Meski begitu, Haryadi menuturkan, Indonesia bisa merasakan dampak positif dari perang dagang yang terjadi di antara keduanya. Walau hanya sedikit kemungkinannya, dia mengatakan, Indonesia juga bisa mengambil peluang untuk menggantikan beberapa produk yang dibutuhkan kedua negara tersebut.


"China mengenakan tarif impor kedelai mahal, pasti mereka mencari alternatif lain untuk memenuhi kebutuhan minyak nabati dari kedelai. Nah, Indonesia bisa menggantikannya dengan CPO (Crude Palm Oil)," tutupnya.

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