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Home arrow Latest News arrow Governments Asked to Protect Downstream Textiles


				
			
			
Governments Asked to Protect Downstream Textiles PDF Print E-mail
Written by Maizer   
Wednesday, 18 July 2018

In order to encourage better TPT performance, Secretary General of Indonesian Textile Association (API) Ernovian G Ismy said that the textile industry asks the government to protect downstream textiles, not just upstream industries that produce raw materials. If this is done, the performance of the national textile industry, especially from the export side, can go faster.

 

According to him, the current development of TPT industry is hampered due to government protection against the upstream sector. In fact, the domestic market should also be given protection against the onslaught of imported finished products, which can already be produced domestically.

 

"If for yarns and other raw materials, maybe the import is not prohibited, but controlled only. Therefore, it is raw materials, so it should not be protected, because there are industrial users, namely downstream TPT that produces garment, "he said.

 

Ernovian said the government is currently protecting the upstream industry through antidumping import duties (BMAD), which is turning down the downstream industry. The upstream industry should provide enough fiscal incentives to attract investment and innovate. The downstream TPT industry, such as apparel, needs to be protected, especially from imported strikes that usually come at a cheaper price.

 

"For example, import-export of raw materials is given customs facilities because the yarns and fabrics are intended for the user industry, ie downstream TPT. Actually, raw material prices do not have to be cheaper, but important ones can be purchased by users. If in the upstream given safeguard, which is fighting downstream TPT industry, because the price of raw materials more expensive, "he explained

 

He added that the domestic market until the middle of this year down. Most of the industries that fill the domestic market are small and medium enterprises (SMEs). While large middle industry orientation more to export market. As a result, once imports are complicated, SMEs become only importers of finished products.

 

"Demand is declining because of many imported goods, there is no protection in apparel. Should it be subject to high import duties, for importers to get expensive prices, "he said.

 

Ernovian said that export market is still potential to rise rather than domestic. However, stimulus is needed to compete in export markets, especially in the United States (US) and the EU is still a major market.

 

Currently, according to Ernovian, Indonesian products are still unable to compete in the export market from Vietnam, which is given tariff preferences. "For example, if we work with Australia, import duties (BM) can go down, the market can be utilized. Now our goods there are still 1.8%, still small, when close, "said Ernovian.

 

 

Pemerintah Diminta Lindungi Tekstil Hilir

 

 

Guna mendorong kinerja TPT lebih bagus lagi, Sekjen Asosiasi Pertekstilan Indonesia (API) Ernovian G Ismy menuturkan, industri TPT meminta pemerintah melindungi tekstil hilir, bukan hanya industri hulu yang memproduksi bahan baku. Jika ini dilakukan, kinerja industri TPT nasional, terutama dari sisi ekspor, bisa melaju lebih kencang.

 

Menurut dia, saat ini perkembangan industri TPT terhambat akibat proteksi pemerintah terhadap sektor hulu. Padahal, pasar dalam negeri juga harus diberikan perlindungan terhadap gempuran impor produk jadi, yang sudah bisa diproduksi dalam negeri.

 

“Kalau untuk benang dan bahan baku lain, mungkin impornya bukan dilarang, tapi dikontrol saja. Sebab, itu bahan baku, sehingga tidak boleh diproteksi, karena ada industri penggunanya, yakni TPT hilir yang memproduksi garmen,” kata dia.

 

Ernovian mengungkapkan, saat ini pemerintah lebih melindungi industri hulu, melalui bea masuk antidumping (BMAD), yang malah mematikan industri hilir. Seharusnya industri hulu cukup diberikan insentif fiskal untuk menarik investasi dan berinovasi. Adapun industri TPT hilir, seperti pakaian jadi, butuh diproteksi, terutama dari gempuran impor yang biasanya masuk dengan harga lebih murah.

 

“Misalnya ekspor-impor bahan baku diberikan fasilitas kepabeanan karena benang dan kain ditujukan untuk industri pengguna, yakni TPT hilir. Sebenarnya, harga bahan baku tidak harus lebih murah, tapi yang penting bisa dibeli penggunanya. Kalau di hulu dikasih safeguard, yang berkelahi industri TPT hilirnya, karena harga bahan baku lebih mahal,” papar dia

   

Dia menambahkan, pasar domestik hingga pertengahan tahun ini turun. Kebanyakan dari industri yang mengisi pasar domestik adalah skala usaha kecil dan menengah (UKM). Sedangkan industri menengah besar orientasinya lebih ke pasar ekspor. Akibatnya, begitu impor dipersulit, UKM hanya menjadi importir produk jadi.

 

“Permintaan menurun karena banyak barang impor, tidak ada perlindungan di pakaian jadi. Harusnya itu yang dikenakan tarif bea masuk tinggi, agar importir mendapatkan harga mahal,” tandas dia.

 

Ernovian menuturkan, pasar ekspor masih berpotensi naik ketimbang domestik. Meski demikian, dibutuhkan stimulus untuk bersaing di pasar ekspor, terutama di Amerika Serikat (AS) dan Uni Eropa yang masih menjadi pasar utama.

 

Saat ini, menurut Ernovian, produk Indonesia masih kalah bersaing di pasar ekspor dari Vietnam, yang diberikan preferensi tarif. “Misalnya, kalau kita kerja sama dengan Australia, bea masuk (BM) bisa turun, pasarnya bisa dimanfaatkan. Sekarangkan barang kita ke sana masih 1,8%, masih kecil, padahal dekat,” kata Ernovian.

 
		
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