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Home arrow Latest News arrow Textile Competition Indonesia, Bangladesh, and Vietnam


				
			
			
Textile Competition Indonesia, Bangladesh, and Vietnam PDF Print E-mail
Written by Maizer   
Wednesday, 25 July 2018

The contribution of textile and textile products (TPT) to 6.39 percent of gross domestic product (GDP) in 2017 makes it one of the priority industries. Nevertheless, the industry still has many problems faced by textile producers.

 

One of them is the price of raw materials available in the country. It was found that domestic raw material prices could not compete with the same materials labeled imports. The raw material is polyester fiber as yarn raw material.

 

According to Chairman of the Indonesian Textile Association (API) Ade Sudrajat Usman, the price of polyester raw materials in the country is 13 percent more expensive than prices from abroad. "This condition has resulted in a decline in the competitiveness of Indonesian textile product exports downstream," Ade said in a statement on Wednesday (7/25).

 

Ade explained, this significant price difference, confirms that the Indonesian textile industry is less competitive with other countries such as Vietnam, Bangladesh, and other countries that accept the United States (US) Generalized System of Preferences (GSP) facilities.

 

According to him, too, so that conditions do not worsen, it is necessary to collaborate between producers and policy makers to evaluate the application of commodity import duties (cases of polyester fiber import duties) and tightening supervision from relevant ministries.

 

"It is expected that if the polyester import duty policy can be reviewed again, the competitive price of raw materials can increase ITPT Indonesia's export productivity in the world market," he said.

 

This is also in line with the API target to increase net exports and the added value contributed by the textile industry until the end of 2018 to USD 4 billion, more than in 2017 which reached USD 3.5 billion.

 

Meanwhile, in the midst of waiting for decisions by the United States about evaluating the GSP facilities that they provide to trading partner countries, the API projects textile export growth this year to reach 7 percent. But this optimism must be supported by synergy between parties, such as a series of producers from upstream to downstream, supporting ITPT, and policy makers.

Persaingan Tekstil Indonesia, Bangladesh, dan Vietnam

 

Kontribusi tekstil dan produk tekstil (TPT) mencapai 6,39 persen terhadap produk domestik bruto (PDB) pada 2017 membuatnya menjadi salah satu industri prioritas. Namun demikian, industri ini masih banyak menyimpan permasalahan yang dihadapi oleh para produsen tekstil.

 

Salah satunya adalah harga bahan baku yang tersedia di dalam negeri. Ditemukan bahwa harga bahan baku dalam negeri justru kalah bersaing dengan bahan yang sama berlabel impor. Bahan baku tersebut adalah serat polyester sebagai bahan baku benang.

 

Menurut ketua Ketua Asosiasi Pertekstilan Indonesia (API) Ade Sudrajat Usman, harga bahan baku polyester di Tanah Air 13 persen lebih mahal dari pada harga dari luar negeri. "Kondisi ini mengakibatkan merosotnya daya saing ekspor produk tekstil Indonesia hingga ke hilir," ungkap Ade dalam keterangannya, Rabu (25/7).

 

Ade menjelaskan, perbedaan harga yang cukup signifikan ini, menegaskan industri tekstil Indonesia kalah bersaing dengan negara lain seperti Vietnam, Bangladesh, dan sesama negara penerima fasilitas Generalized System of Preferences (GSP) dari Amerika Serikat (AS).

 

Menurutnya juga, agar kondisi tidak semakin memburuk, maka perlu kerjasama antar produsen dan penentu kebijakan untuk mengevaluasi penerapan bea masuk komoditas bahan baku (kasus bea masuk serat polyester) dan pengetatan pengawasan dari kementerian terkait.

 

"Diharapkan bila kebijakan bea masuk polyester ini dapat ditinjau lagi, maka harga bahan baku yang berdaya saing bisa meningkatkan produktifitas ekspor ITPT Indonesia di pasar dunia," ungkap dia.

 

Hal ini juga sejalan dengan target API untuk meningkatkan net ekspor dan nilai tambah yang disumbang oleh industri tekstil sampai akhir tahun 2018 menjadi USD 4 miliar, lebih banyak dibandingkan dengan tahun 2017 yang mencapai nilai USD 3,5 miliar.

 

Sementara itu, di tengah-tengah waktu penantian keputusan oleh pihak Amerika Serikat tentang evaluasi fasilitas GSP yang mereka berikan kepada para negara mitra dagang, API memproyeksikan pertumbuhan ekspor tekstil tahun ini dapat mencapai 7 persen. Namun optimisme ini harus didukung oleh sinergitas antar pihak, seperti rangkaian para produsen dari hulu ke hilir, pendukung ITPT, dan penentu kebijakan

 

 
		
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