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APSyFI: Garment imports are booming, domestic textile factory utilization is only 55% PDF Print E-mail
Written by Maizer   
Thursday, 20 September 2018

The fiber and yarn industry continues to fight for its fate in order to survive amid increasingly urgent import attacks.This was conveyed by the Indonesian Filament Yarn and Yarn Producers Association (APSyFI).

 

"The number of imported products that enter, makes the domestic industry overwhelmed. Even some factories have to go out of business because of difficulties in competing," said Ravi Shankar

 

Ravi added, almost all types of fibers and yarns were able to be met by domestic industries except cotton. The basic ingredients of cotton still cannot be produced in Indonesia so they need imports from China.

 

The Secretary General of APSyFI, Redma Gita Wirawasta added that competition with imported products should be fair when domestic supplies are unable to meet their needs or the domestic industry cannot produce these products.

 

"At present, if we talk about downstream industry or ready-made clothing, domestic production capacity reaches 2.7 million tons. While the domestic garment needs are 2.4 million tons including 600,000 tons for export," explained Redma. He added, at present the garment import reaches 800,000 tons. This means that domestic production absorbed in the local market is only 1.6 million tons. "It makes a lot of unemployed fabric," he said.

 

The large amount of unabsorbed fabric caused the utilization rate to only reach 55%.

 

In 2008, garment imports were allowed because they were considered to increase the capacity of local industrial exports. Redma explained, in 2008, garment imports amounted to only 300,000 tons while exports were larger, namely 500,000 tons. "Now, the import is 800,000 tons, the export is only 600,000 tons, the rest goes to the local market," he explained.

 

In APSyFI's data, the trade balance surplus in textile and textile products shrank to around US $ 3 billion to US $ 4 billion. In fact, in 2008-2009, TPT was able to surplus up to USD 7-8 billion.

 

A number of steps have been taken by APSyFI to fight for the fate of the industry from upstream to downstream. Among them is to propose anti dumping protection. "Some of the cases we have discussed with KADI (Indonesian Anti-Dumping Committee) and have been recommended, in fact there are already those recommended by the national interest team but have not been implemented," explained Redma.

 

Furthermore, APSyFI also complained about the Minister of Trade Regulation No. 64 of 2017. According to Redma, this rule has become one of the drivers of soaring imports. "Previous Minister of Trade's Regulation, namely the Minister of Trade Regulation No. 85 of 2016, only allows producers to import. Traders cannot be allowed for certain categories, especially fabrics," he explained. But in the Minister of Trade Regulation No. 64 of 2017, traders are allowed to import through PLB (Bonded Logistics Center).

 

 

 

 

APSyFI: Impor garmen membludak, utilisasi pabrik tekstil domestik hanya 55%

 

Industri serat dan benang masih terus memperjuangkan nasibnya agar bisa bertahan di tengah gempuran impor yang semakin mendesak.

 

Hal tersebut disampaikan oleh Asosiasi Produsen Serat dan Benang Filamen Indonesia (APSyFI). "Banyaknya produk impor yang masuk, membuat industri dalam negeri kewalahan. Bahkan beberapa pabrik harus gulung tikar karena kesulitan bersaing," ucap Ravi Shankar

 

Ravi menambahkan, hampir semua jenis serat dan benang mampu dipenuhi oleh industri dalam negeri kecuali kapas. Bahan dasar kapas masih belum dapat diproduksi di Indonesia sehingga membutuhkan impor dari China.

 

Sekretaris Jenderal APSyFI, Redma Gita Wirawasta menambahkan seharusnya persaingan dengan produk impor menjadi fair ketika suplai dalam negeri tidak mampu untuk memenuhi kebutuhannya atau industri dalam negeri tidak dapat memproduksi produk tersebut.

 

"Saat ini, jika kita bicara industri hilir atau pakaian jadi, kapasitas produksi dalam negeri mencapai 2,7 juta ton. Sementara kebutuhan garmen dalam negeri itu 2,4 juta ton termasuk 600.000 ton untuk ekspor," jelas Redma. Ia menambahkan, saat ini impor garmen mencapai 800.000 ton. Artinya, produksi dalam negeri yang terserap di pasar lokal hanya 1,6 juta ton. "Jadinya banyak kain yang nganggur," katanya.

 

Banyaknya jumlah kain yang tidak terserap tersebut menyebabkan tingkat utilisasi hanya mencapai 55%.

 

Pada tahun 2008 lalu, impor garmen diperbolehkan karena dianggap akan meningkatkan kapasitas ekspor industri lokal. Redma menjelaskan, pada tahun 2008, impor garmen hanya sebesar 300.000 ton sementara ekspor lebih besar, yakni 500.000 ton. "Nah saat ini, impor 800.000 ton, ekspornya cuma 600.000 ton, itu sisanya yang masuk ke pasar lokal," terangnya lagi.

 

Dalam data APSyFI, surplus neraca perdagangan TPT (Tekstil dan Produk Tekstil) menyusut menjadi sekitar US$ 3 miliar- US$ 4 miliar. Padahal, pada tahun 2008-2009, TPT mampu surplus hingga USD 7-8 miliar.

 

Sejumlah langkah telah dilakukan APSyFI untuk memperjuangkan nasib industri dari hulu ke hilir. Diantaranya ialah mengajukan perlindungan anti dumping. "Beberapa kasus sudah kita bicarakan dengan KADI (Komite Anti Dumping Indonesia) dan sudah direkomendasikan, malah sudah ada yang direkomendasikan tim kepentingan nasional namun belum diimplementasikan," terang Redma.

 

Selanjutnya, APSyFI juga mengeluhkan Permendag No. 64 Tahun 2017. Menurut Redma, aturan ini menjadi salah satu pendorong impor melonjak. "Permendag sebelumnya, yaitu Permendag No. 85 tahun 2016, yang diperbolehkan impor hanya produsen. Trader gak boleh untuk kategori tertentu terutama kain," jelasnya. Namun dalam Permendag No. 64 Tahun 2017, trader diperbolehkan melakukan impor melalui PLB (Pusat Logistik Berikat).

 

 
		
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