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Home arrow Latest News arrow Wait and See Textile Entrepreneurs in the Middle of Rupiah Fluctuations


				
			
			
Wait and See Textile Entrepreneurs in the Middle of Rupiah Fluctuations PDF Print E-mail
Written by Maizer   
Tuesday, 09 October 2018

Textile entrepreneurs have not planned to raise  selling price again amid strengthening of the dollar against the rupiah. Finally, in September, the textile industry hoisted prices around eight to 10 percent.

 

Chairman of the Indonesian Textile Association (API) Ade Sudrajat explained, the price increase must be carried out by  industry given  high use of imported raw materials. Import content reaches more than 50 percent with a value of around 10 billion US dollars per year.

 

"Entrepreneurs cannot resist price increases, especially for domestic industries that are oriented to the domestic market," he said

 

Cotton and yarn are the most dominant raw materials imported from China. According to Ade, imports are still needed because some textile products cannot be produced by domestic industries. However, what can be imported is auxiliary materials and raw materials, not in the form of finished fabrics or ready-made clothes.

 

Ade explained, the strengthening of the US dollar also had an impact on industries that focused on export markets. The rising prices of raw materials cause their production to be slightly hampered. Because, the component costs more than the cost for labor. In addition, compared to tax burden that must be paid, the profit margins of entrepreneurs become smaller.

 

In addition to  high use of imported raw materials, Ade said, another problem faced by  textile industry is  illegal import of fabrics and clothing. Last year, state losses from taxes and duties due to illegal imports reached Rp 40 trillion to Rp 50 trillion. "The domestic market is destroyed. They lose and close," he said.

 

Ade recommended that  government make efforts to prevent  condition from getting worse. Among to them is by tightening  regulation of trade processes and customs procedures. Imports of raw and auxiliary materials should also use  Bonded Logistics Center (PLB), both for imports from abroad and for imports from bonded zones in Indonesia.

 

Secretary General of the Indonesian Filament Fiber and Yarn Producers Association (APSyFI) Redma Gita Wiraswasta explained that the government is now too easy to allow foreign products to enter Indonesia. The proof, the domestic market worth 21 billion US dollars is actually filled with imported products that make local industries difficult to develop.

 

Redma said, garment imports currently reach 800 thousand tons per year, while exports are only 600 thousand tons. As many as 200 thousand tons went into the local market. "Our trade balance surplus has decreased. In 2008-2009, the surplus reached 7-8 billion US dollars, which is now only around 3-4 billion US dollars," he said.

 

 

Pengusaha Tekstil Wait and See di Tengah Fluktuasi Rupiah

 

Pengusaha bidang tekstil belum berencana menaikkan harga jual lagi di tengah penguatan dolar terhadap rupiah. Terakhir, pada September, industri tekstil mengerek harga sekitar delapan sampai 10 persen.

 

Ketua Umum Asosiasi Pertekstilan Indonesia (API) Ade Sudrajat menjelaskan, kenaikkan harga harus dilakukan oleh industri mengingat masih tingginya penggunaan bahan baku impor. Tingkat kandungan impor mencapai lebih dari 50 persen dengan nilai sekitar 10 miliar dolar AS per tahun.

 

"Pengusaha tidak bisa menahan kenaikan harga, apalagi untuk industri dalam negeri yang berorientasi pasar domestik," ujarnya

 

Kapas dan benang merupakan bahan baku yang paling dominan diimpor dari Cina. Menurut Ade, impor tetap dibutuhkan karena sebagian produk tekstil belum bisa diproduksi oleh industri dalam negeri. Namun, yang bisa diimpor adalah bahan penolong dan bahan baku, bukan berupa kain jadi maupun pakaian jadi.

 

Ade menjelaskan, penguatan dolar AS juga berdampak pada industri yang fokus pada pasar ekspor. Harga bahan baku yang naik menyebabkan produksi mereka sedikit terhambat. Sebab, komponen biayanya lebih besar dibanding dengan biaya untuk tenaga kerja. Selain itu, dibandingkan beban pajak yang harus dibayar, margin keuntungan pengusaha menjadi semakin kecil.

 

Di samping tingginya penggunaan bahan baku impor, Ade menyebutkan, permasalahan lain yang dihadapi industri tekstil adalah impor kain dan pakaian jadi ilegal. Pada tahun lalu, kerugian negara dari pajak dan bea akibat impor ilegal ini mencapai Rp 40 trilun hingga Rp 50 triliun. "Pasar domestik jadi hancur. Mereka merugi dan tutup," ucapnya.

 

Ade menganjurkan, pemerintah melakukan upaya-upaya untuk mencegah kondisi tersebut semakin buruk. Di antaranya dengan memperketat pengaturan proses tata niaga dan prosedur kepabanean. Impor bahan baku dan penolong pun sebaiknya menggunakan Pusat Logistik Berikat (PLB), baik untuk yang impor dari luar negeri maupun impor dari perusahaan Kawasan Berikat di Indonesia.

 

Sekretaris Jendral Asosiasi Produsen Serat dan Benang Filamen Indonesia (APSBFI) Redma Gita Wiraswasta menjelaskan, pemerintah saat ini terlalu mudah membiarkan produk luar negeri untuk masuk ke Indonesia. Buktinya, pasar dalam negeri yang bernilai 21 miliar dolar AS justru diisi oleh produk impor yang membuat industri lokal sulit berkembang.

 

Redma menuturkan, impor garmen saat ini mencapai 800 ribu ton per tahun, sedangkan ekspornya hanya 600 ribu ton. Sebanyak 200ribu ton masuk ke pasar lokal. "Surplus neraca perdagangan kita jadi semakin menurun. Pada 2008-2009, surplus mencapai 7-8 miliar dolar AS yang sekarang hanya sekitar 3-4 miliar dolar AS," tuturnya.

 
		
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