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The performance of the textile and garment industry in 2016: Exports fell 1.9% while domestic garment consumption rose 2.2%.


	
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Home arrow Latest News arrow The Textile Industry and Its Products Still Need More Human Resources


				
			
			
The Textile Industry and Its Products Still Need More Human Resources PDF Print E-mail
Written by Maizer   
Tuesday, 06 November 2018

Although domestic economic growth in first half of this year reached 5.18%, it seems that it has not been able to drive the performance of textile companies. The average net profit collected by textile issuers in the first half of 2016 was still depressed. However, eight of 15 textile publishers managed to achieve a varied income increase of up to 30%.

 

President Director of PT Sri Rejeki Isman Tbk. (SRIL) Iwan Setiawan Lukminto said that textile industry is quite extensive. There are industries that are on the rise, not a few who are depressed.

 

"Our SRIL sector is still good and there is an increase. API is indeed pressing for electricity tariffs to be considered for old customers as well," he said.

 

Sritex's Corporate Secretary, Welly Salam, said he was optimistic that the company's performance this year was in line with the target set. This year's sales are targeted to increase 5% -8% to around US $ 680 million.

 

Management with SRIL stock code confirmed  contract until end of the year. For military clothing, he is optimistic that he will pocket a contract next year because the company's winning rate in tender reaches 90 percent.

 

"Overall, the sales target rose 5% -8%, in the first half alone 56% of total sales target," he said.

 

The company targets at least three new export destinations. Company owned by H.M. Lukminto also increases demand from existing countries.

 

This year,  management of Sri Rejeki Isman allocated a capital expenditure budget of US $ 50 million. Capital expenditure fell 37.5% compared to last year which reached US $ 80 million.

 

This year's decline in Capex occurred gradually after the company accelerated investment in 2014 from the initial target of US $ 55 million, to US $ 134 million. Last year, the company also budgeted US $ 104 million, reduced to US $ 80 million.

 

This year's capital expenditure budget of US $ 50 million, he said, will be used for finishing and repairs. The rest, a small portion of the funds will be used for clothing.

 

In the first half of this year, SRIL pocketed a net profit of US $ 32 million, an increase of 6.35% from the previous year of US $ 30.09 million. Meanwhile, SRIL sales rose 2.45% from US $ 362 million to US $ 371 million.

 

On a different occasion, the Corporate Secretary of PT Pan Brothers Tbk. (PBRX) Iswar Deni said the company's performance will peak in second half of this year. The company does not have an electric burden because it does not divide the working hours for 24 hours.

 

According to him, electricity only accounts for around 1% of the total costs in garment industry. Meanwhile,  textile and fiber industries are expected to be much more depressed.

 

"Its competitiveness is weak because we are late to invest there. Banks in Indonesia consider the textile industry to be a sunset, so banks do not disburse funds to the textile industry," he explained.

 

He considered, government support for  textile sector was a little late. The biggest challenges must be faced by textile companies because of increasing technology and machine prices.

 

Pan Brothers Deputy President Director Anne Patricia Sutanto on another occasion said that until the first semester of this year, the company's textile and garment production had reached 45% of  total target throughout the year. As of December 2016, total production is projected to reach 90 million pieces.

 

"We do not have an inorganic action plan because we only acquired the company in February. Production capacity will increase by 9 million pieces per year from new garment factories," he said recently.

 

Although not releasing mid-year financial reports, issuers coded PBRX shares are optimistic they will reap  target of this period. Capital expenditure (capex) has been absorbed by more than 60% of the total US $ 25 million.

 

Separately, Corporate Secretary of PT Eratex Djaja Tbk. (ERTX) Juliarti Pudji Kurniawati, assessed that her party could not represent the yarn and fabric industry due to differences in load. As a garment company, he acknowledged that the company did not use too much electricity.

 

 

Industri Tekstil dan Produknya Masih Butuh Lebih Banyak SDM

 

 

Kementerian Perindustrian (Kemenperin) bertekad untuk senantiasa melakukan penguatan bidang pendidikan dan pelatihan di sektor industri, seperti tekstil dan produk tekstil (TPT). Pasalnya, industri ini masih membutuhkan banyak tenaga kerja terampil.

 

“Industri TPT merupakan sektor padat karya dan berorientasi ekspor, yang menjadi salah satu prioritas dalam pengembangan,” kata Sekretaris Jenderal Kemenperin Haris Munandar pada acara Wisuda Lulusan Politeknik STTT Bandung, dalam keterangan tertulisnya yang diterima di Jakarta.

 

Apalagi, industri TPT menjadi satu dari lima sektor manufaktur yang ditetapkan sebagai pionir dalam kesiapan memasuki era revolusi industri keempat di Tanah Air sesuai peta jalan Making Indonesia 4.0.

 

Merujuk catatan Kemenperin, industri TPT di dalam negeri telah menyerap tenaga kerja sebanyak 3,58 juta orang atau 21,2 persen dari total tenaga kerja di sektor industri manufaktur saat ini.

 

Selanjutnya, industri TPT temasuk penghasil devisa negara yang signifikan melalui nilai ekspor sebesar US6,48 miliar pada triwulan II-2018.

 

“ Industri TPT memiliki peranan strategis, karena produk yang dihasilkan mulai dari bahan baku (seperti serat) sampai dengan barang konsumsi (pakaian jadi dan barang jadi), mempunyai keterkaitan baik antar industri maupun sektor ekonomi lainnya,” jelas Haris.

 

Oleh karena itu, guna semakin menggenjot daya saing industri TPT nasional di kancah global, Politeknik STTT Bandung sebagai salah satu unit pendidikan yang dimiliki Kemenperin selalu fokus untuk mencetak SDM terampil sesuai kebutuhan industri TPT yang dapat mengikuti perkembangan teknologi terkini.

 

Tahun ini, STTT Bandung mewisuda 369 lulusannya. Mereka terdiri dari 286 orang lulusan program Diploma IV atau Sarjana Terapan serta 83 orang lulusan program Diploma I hasil kerja sama dengan asosiasi dan perusahaan industri tekstil.

 

“Sebanyak 70 persen lulusan sudah terserap kerja di industri, sebelum waktu tiga bulan wisuda. Kami berharap, dalam waktu 3-6 bulan ke depan, seluruh lulusanya sudah bekerja atau melanjutkan program pendidikan tingkat yang tinggi,” paparnya.

 

Bahkan, seiring dengan banyaknya perusahaan TPT yang melakukan relokasi ke Jawa Tengah terutama di wilayah Solo dan sekitarnya, Kemenperin telah mendirikan Akademi Komunitas Industri TPT Program Diploma II di Solo untuk memenuhi kebutuhan tenaga kerja tersebut.

 

Sedangkan, untuk memenuhi tenaga kerja industri TPT tingkat operator, Kemenperin menyelenggarakan diklat sistem 3 in 1 (pelatihan, sertifikasi kompetensi dan penempatan kerja). Pada tahun 2017, program tersebut diikuti 7.764 peserta dan untuk tahun ini sudah menembus hingga 11.200 orang.

 

Direktur Politeknik STTT Bandung Tina Martina menjelaskan, tahun ini pihaknya mencetak 68 lulusan atau 18,42 persen yang berpredikat "Dengan Pujian”.

 

“Selain itu, pada tahun ini, kami menerima calon pendaftar mahasiswa baru hingga 3.000 orang, sementara yang bisa kami terima hanya 307 orang. Ini menunjukkan bahwa kampus Politeknik STTT memiliki nilai kompetitif yang baik,” tegasnya.

 

Di samping itu, untuk memenuhi kebutuhan tenaga kerja tingkat ahli yang mampu melakukan riset dan pengembangan teknologi serta diversifikasi produk tekstil menuju advance textile, mulai tahun ini telah dibuka program studi S2 Rekayasa Tekstil dan Apparel.

 

 

“Saat ini, gedung Magister Terapan Teknologi Tekstil telah dibangun dan akan dilengkapi dengan peralatan sesuai standar industri,” imbuhnya.

 

Politeknik STTT Bandung juga menyelenggarakan program D1 dan D2 bidang tekstil dan garmen kelas jarak jauh, dengan menggendeng asosiasi dan perusahaan industri tekstil. Lulusannya langsung ditempatkan bekerja di industri TPT baik di Jawa Tengah maupun di Jawa Timur.

 

“Upaya-upaya yang dilakukan ini karena Politeknik STTT Bandung hanya mampu meluluskan 300 orang dari program Diploma IV, sedangkan permintaan di industri setiap tahunnya mencapai 500 orang,” ungkap Haris.

 
		
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