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Home arrow Latest News arrow Increase in 2019 UMP Becomes Industry Threat


				
			
			
Increase in 2019 UMP Becomes Industry Threat PDF Print E-mail
Written by Maizer   
Wednesday, 14 November 2018

Although there were objections from some unions, a number of provinces announced the increase of the 2019 Provincial Minimum Wage (UMP) in accordance with the government's benchmark of 8.03%.

 

According to Minister of Manpower M Hanif Dhakiri, as many as 26 of the 34 provinces submitted reports on the establishment of the 2019 UMP.While eight other provinces have announced the UMP amount, they have not reported to the Ministry of Manpower because they have not been signed by the governor.

 

Calculation amount of UMP increase as stipulated in PP No. 78/2015,  increase in UMP is based on inflation and economic growth. As an assumption of a wage increase next year, the government uses an inflation assumption of 2.88% and economic growth of 5.15%. Before PP No. 78 of 2015 applies, the UMP calculation is calculated according to the survey of Decent Life Needs (KHL).

 

 

From the point of view of entrepreneurs,  calculation of the UMP increase based on PP No. 78/2015 is seen as providing more certainty than the formulation of the previous UMP increase.

 

Deputy Chairperson of the International Relations Chamber of Commerce (Kadin) in the field of International Relations Shinta Widjaja Kamdani said the calculation in the regulation had considered proposals from the business side. For this reason, he urged all business actors to follow the provisions.

 

 

However, Shinta did not deny the obligation to increase UMP to burden business world amid global uncertainty. "But that is a consequence that must be taken by employers how we continue to follow. "If indeed there will be a company that may be heavy, there will be its own mechanism," he said.

 

In line with Shinta, Chairman of the Indonesian Textile Association (API) Ade Sudrajat called the calculation of the UMP increase more rational. According to him, the calculation of the increase in the UMP amount is currently able to bridge two parties, both employers and workers.

 

 

However, Ade said that there were four labor intensive areas that needed adjustments, namely Bogor, Purwakarta, Bekasi, and Karawang. The four regions have a base of high minimum wages which is a continuation of wage fixing before PP 78/2015 applies.

 

 

In fact, the UMP increase before PP 78/2015 is quite high. In 2012, the average UMP increase was recorded at 10.27%, the following year  increase was even greater, which was 18.32%. After the enactment of PP 78/2015 the upward trend in the UMP tends to decline. The 2016 UMP rose 11.5%, then 2017 rose 8.91% and declined again this year at 8.71%.

 

The high wages for this labor-intensive area have made some industries choose to leave or relocate. They are looking for new areas with lower UMPs so that product prices are more competitive.

 

Ade explained that due to the phenomenon of industrial relocation, the garment industry in Karawang, which initially reached tens, is now only three. "The industry leaves because it is not conducive. For products that are the same as those in Tasikmalaya, Majalengka, or in Central Java, "he said.

 

For this reason, his party is trying to request a dispensation to  government regarding the increase in the UMP. At the very least, within one year, the industry can relocate its place of business. It proposes dispensation in the form of special wages or labor intensive wages.

 

Kenaikan UMP 2019 Jadi Ancaman Industri

 

 

Meski ada penolakan dari sebagian serikat pekerja, sejumlah provinsi telah mengumumkan kenaikan Upah Minimum Provinsi (UMP) 2019 sesuai dengan patokan pemerintah yaitu 8,03%. Menurut Menteri Ketenagakerjaan M Hanif Dhakiri, sebanyak 26 dari 34 provinsi telah menyerahkan laporan penetapan UMP 2019.

 

Sedangkan delapan provinsi lainnya sudah mengumumkan besaran UMP, belum melaporkan ke Kementerian Ketenagakerjaan karena belum ditandatangani oleh gubernur.

 

Perhitungan besaran kenaikan UMP seperti diatur dalam PP No 78/2015, kenaikan UMP didasarkan atas inflasi dan pertumbuhan ekonomi. Sebagai asumsi kenaikan upah tahun depan, pemerintah menggunakan asumsi inflasi sebesar 2,88% dan pertumbuhan ekonomi 5,15%. Sebelum PP Nomor 78 Tahun 2015 berlaku, perhitungan UMP dihitung sesuai survei Kebutuhan Hidup Layak (KHL).

 

 

Dari kacamata pengusaha, perhitungan kenaikan UMP berdasarkan PP No 78/2015 dipandang lebih memberikan kepastian daripada rumusan kenaikan UMP sebelumnya.

 

Wakil Ketua Umum Kamar Dagang dan Industri (Kadin) bidang Hubungan Internasional Shinta Widjaja Kamdani mengatakan perhitungan dalam beleid tersebut telah mempertimbangkan usulan dari sisi pengusaha. Untuk itu, ia mendorong seluruh pelaku usaha mengikuti ketetapan tersebut.

 

 

Namun demikian, Shinta tidak menampik kewajiban kenaikan UMP membebani dunia usaha di tengah ketidakpastian global. “Tapi itu konsekuensi yang harus diambil oleh pengusaha bagaimana kami tetap mengikuti. Kalau memang nanti ada perusahaan yang mungkin berat itu ada mekanismenya sendiri,” ujarnya.

 

Senada dengan Shinta, Ketua Asosiasi Pertekstilan Indonesia (API) Ade Sudrajat menyebut perhitungan kenaikan UMP lebih rasional. Menurutnya perhitungan kenaikan besaran UMP saat ini mampu menjembatani dua belah pihak baik pengusaha maupun pekerja.

 

 

Meski demikian, Ade menyebut ada empat daerah padat karya yang perlu penyesuaian, yakni Bogor, Purwakarta, Bekasi, dan Karawang. Keempat daerah itu memiliki basis upah minimum tinggi yang merupakan lanjutan dari penetapan upah sebelum PP 78/2015 berlaku.

 

 

Faktanya, kenaikan UMP sebelum PP 78/2015 terbilang cukup tinggi. Di tahun 2012, rata-rata kenaikan UMP tercatat 10,27%, tahun berikutnya kenaikan lebih besar lagi, yakni 18,32%. Setelah pemberlakuan PP 78/2015 tren kenaikan UMP cenderung turun. UMP 2016 silam naik 11,5%, kemudian 2017 naik 8,91% dan menurun lagi pada tahun ini yakni 8,71%.

 

Tingginya upah untuk kawasan padat karya tersebut, membuat beberapa industri memilih hengkang atau relokasi. Mereka mencari wilayah baru dengan UMP lebih rendah sehingga harga produk lebih kompetitif.

 

Ade memaparkan akibat fenomena relokasi industri itu, industri garmen di Karawang yang awalnya mencapai puluhan kini hanya tersisa tiga. “Industri hengkang dari situ karena tidak kondusif. Untuk produk yang sama dengan industri yang ada di Tasikmalaya, Majalengka, atau di Jawa Tengah” ujarnya.

 

Untuk itu, pihaknya tengah berupaya meminta dispensasi kepada pemerintah terkait kenaikan UMP. Paling tidak, dalam kurun waktu satu tahun hingga industri bisa merelokasi tempat usahanya. Pihaknya mengajukan dispensasi dalam bentuk upah khusus atau upah padat karya.

 

 

 

 
		
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