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APSyFI: The national textile industry is headed for a trade deficit, 2018 exports grow 1% and imports grow 14% (yoy).--IKATSI: The growth of the national textile industry is still hampered by floods of imports, Indonesia needs a clothing security law.


	
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Home arrow Latest News arrow Textiles Can Reduce USD 3.5 Billion Deficit


				
			
			
Textiles Can Reduce USD 3.5 Billion Deficit PDF Print E-mail
Written by Maizer   
Tuesday, 18 December 2018

The trade deficit in 2018 is estimated to be more than USD 8 billion, this condition directly affects the weakening of Rupiah. President Jokowi has repeatedly asked his ranks to improve trade balance.

 

The government has issued a number of policies to reduce imports starting from raising import PPH, B20 Biodiesel obligations, to delaying the construction of infrastructure using imported materials. But the government's efforts were deemed unsuccessful, the proof of trade deficit in November 2018 was recorded at USD 2.05 billion.

 

Secretary General of the Indonesian Association of Fiber and Yarn Producers (APSyFI), Redma Gita Wirawasta explained that basically we still need it if the goods cannot be produced domestically, but for goods that can be produced domestically it should not need to be imported.

 

"Through controlling imports, the textile sector can help government reduce the trade deficit, because most types of fibers, threads and fabrics can be produced domestically," Redma said.

 

Redma then explained that the import of fabrics could be reduced by USD 2.5 billion from USD 5 billion and fiber could be reduced from USD 2 billion to USD 1 billion. "So we can save a total of USD 3.5 billion in foreign exchange, because utilization of fabric production is still below 50% and utilization of artificial fibers is still 80%," he said.

 

APSyFI has repeatedly conveyed this to government, where import control can be done by returning PERMENDAG 64 2017 to PERMENDAG 85 in 2016 and implementation of trade remedies. However, every effort to save foreign exchange is always countered by import capitalist who are entrenched in the government. For this reason, he asked President Jokowi to immediately clean up his government from these capitalist.

 

Even though this import control will not have any effect on the export performance, we are still open to importing fabrics of USD 2.5 billion for garment export raw materials and USD 1 billion for imports of cotton. "Even the import control policy will not affect export performance at all because exports have been using Bonded Zone (KB) facilities and the Import Export Facility (KITE) facility," explained Redma.

 

Redma emphasized that in addition to saving money, controlling imports would also revive the domestic textile industry. "Because there is a market guarantee, investment will grow which will absorb more labor," he concluded.

 

 

Tekstil Bisa Kurangi Defisit USD 3,5 Milyar

 

 

 

 

Defisit perdagangan tahun 2018 diperkirakan lebih dari USD 8 milyar, kondisi ini secara langsung berpengaruh pada melemahnya Rupiah. Presiden Jokowi telah berulang kali meminta jajarannya untuk memperbaiki neraca perdagangan.

 

Pemerintah telah mengeluarkan beberapa kebijakan untuk mengurangi impor mulai dari menaikan Pph impor, kewajiban Biodiesel B20, hingga menunda pembangunan infrastruktur yang menggunakan bahan impor. Namun upaya pemerintah ini dinilai tidak berhasil, buktinya defisit perdagangan pada bulan November 2018 tercatat USD 2,05 milyar.

 

Sekretaris Jenderal Asosiasi Produsen Serat dan Benang Filament Indonesia (APSyFI), Redma Gita Wirawasta menjelaskan bahwa memang pada dasarnya kita masih perlu jika barang tersebut tidak bisa diproduksi didalam negeri, namun untuk barang yang sudah bisa diproduksi didalam negeri seharusnya tidak perlu diimpor.

 

“Melalui pengendalian impor, sektor tekstil bisa bantu pemerintah mengurangi defisit perdagangan, karena sebagian besar jenis serat, benang dan kain sangat bisa diproduksi didalam negeri” ujar Redma. Redma kemudian menjelaskan bahwa impor kain bisa dikurangi USD 2,5 milyar dari USD 5 milyar dan serat bisa dikurangi dari USD 2 milyar menjadi USD 1 milyar. “Jadi total USD 3,5 milyar kita bisa selamatkan devisa, karena utilisasi produksi kain masih dibawah 50% dan utilisasi serat buatan masih 80%” tegasnya.

 

APSyFI sudah berkali-kali menyampaikan hal ini kepada pemerintah, dimana pengendalian impor bisa dilakukan dengan mengembalikan PERMENDAG 64 2017 ke PERMENDAG 85 tahun 2016 serta penerapan trade remedies. Namun setiap upaya untuk menghemat devisa ini selalu dimentahkan oleh para cukong impor yang bercokol di pemerintahan. Untuk itu pihaknya meminta Presiden Jokowi segera membersihkan pemerintahannya dari para cukong ini.

 

Padahal pengendalian impor ini tidak akan berpengaruh sama sekali terhadap kinerja ekspor, karena kita masih buka impor kain sebesar USD 2,5 milyar untuk bahan baku garment ekspor dan USD 1 milyar untuk impor kapas. “Bahkan kebijakan pengendalian impor sama sekali tidak akan berpengaruh terhadap kinerja ekspor karena selama ini ekspor menggunakan fasilitas Kawasan Berikat (KB) dan Kemudahan Impor Tujuan Ekspor (KITE)” jelas Redma.

 

Redma menegaskan bahwa selain menghemat defisa, pengendalian impor juga akan kembali menggairahkan industri tekstil dalam negeri. “Karena ada jaminan pasar, investasi akan tumbuh yang akan menyerap lebih banyak tenaga kerja” pungkasnya.

 

 
		
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