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APSyFI: The national textile industry is headed for a trade deficit, 2018 exports grow 1% and imports grow 14% (yoy).--IKATSI: The growth of the national textile industry is still hampered by floods of imports, Indonesia needs a clothing security law.


	
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Home arrow Latest News arrow Textile and Apparel Exports are Projected to Grow 5% -6% Next Year


				
			
			
Textile and Apparel Exports are Projected to Grow 5% -6% Next Year PDF Print E-mail
Written by Maizer   
Thursday, 20 December 2018

Exports of textiles and apparel next year are projected to grow 5% -6% on an annual basis or through US $ 14 billion.

 

Throughout this year, exports of textiles and apparel are projected to be worth US $ 13.50 billion. Ade Sudrajat, Chair of the Indonesian Textile Association (API), said that next year's growth will be driven by one of the factors being the trade agreement that the government and other countries seek.

 

"The government is aggressively making trade agreements with various countries, such as the European Free Trade Association (EFTA), India, Australia, Algeria, and Morocco," he said.

 

For information, trade agreements between Indonesia and Australia have reached an agreement and are just waiting for the signing of the two countries, while the Indonesia-European Free Trade Association (EFTA) was signed this month and Indonesia with Chile in early 2018.

 

In addition, the government will also pursue the completion of trade agreements currently in process such as Mozambique, Tunisia, Morocco, the European Union and the Regional Comprehensive Economic Partnership (RCEP).

 

According to Ade, the government's efforts to open up the increase in exports to these countries also need to be accompanied by support from within the country, among others in the form of harmonizing tariffs from upstream to downstream and competitive energy prices.

 

"Upstream, for example purified therephtalic acid (PTA) as a raw material for polyester and plastic, do not have excessive protection, as well as polyester. We have already been burdened with more than 10 years import duty so that the prices of products are less competitive than other countries' products, "he explained.

 

Meanwhile, the export and textile destination for next year is estimated to still be dominated by European countries, the United States and Japan, and the possibility of an increase to countries whose trade agreements have been completed.

 

Meanwhile, the Ministry of Industry projects chemical, textile and miscellaneous industries (IKTA) to grow higher next year. Achmad Sigit Dwiwahjono, Director General of IKTA of the Ministry of Industry, said the sector's projection in the upcoming land pig year is in the range of 3.6% -4%, while growth at the end of 2018 is 3.4%.

 

"Next year is better, one of which is because there is a large investment in upstream petrochemicals by Lotte Chemical Indonesia, its investment is US $ 3.5 billion and it has been groundbreaking, the land has already arrived, at least construction has begun or a third of investments have been entered. Later 2020, the equipment will come to US $ 2 billion, "he said.

 

In the textile sector there are also investments, especially in the intermediate or midstream sectors. Sigit said that currently some Chinese investors are interested in investing their capital in the country by building production facilities. However, the government pushed into the fabric dyeing and coloring industry.

 

"Our textile industry is still weak there. There is already a joint venture taking over the factory, "he said.

 

Previously, Ade said that currently there was the third largest textile company in China currently finalizing plans to invest in the fabric and dyeing sector in Indonesia. The company is a producer of high quality fabrics, especially for premium brand shirts, such as Hugo Boss.

 

The investor from Panda Country will conduct negotiations related to location, workers, buyers, and so on. According to him, one of the factors driving the interest in investment is the pressure of lead time, not because of the trade war between the United States and China.

 

Ade said that the funds invested by the Chinese company were around Rp500 billion and were expected to increase to close to Rp1 trillion, depending on the incentives obtained from the government.

 

 

 

Ekspor Tekstil dan Pakaian Jadi Diproyeksi Tumbuh 5%-6% Tahun Depan

 

 

 

Ekspor tekstil dan pakaian jadi pada tahun depan diproyeksikan tumbuh 5%-6% secara tahunan atau tembus US$14 miliar.

 

Sepanjang tahun ini, ekspor tekstil dan pakaian jadi diproyeksikan senilai US$13,50 miliar. Ade Sudrajat, Ketua Asosiasi Pertekstilan Indonesia (API), mengatakan pertumbuhan pada tahun depan didorong salah satunya oleh faktor perjanjian perdagangan yang diupayakan pemerintah dengan negara lain.

 

“Pemerintah sedang gencar membuat perjanjian dagang dengan berbagai negara, seperti dengan European Free Trade Association (EFTA), India, Australia, Aljazair, juga Maroko,” ujarnya.

 

Sebagai informasi, perjanjian dagang antara Indonesia dan Australia telah mencapai kesepakatan dan tinggal menunggu penandatanganan kedua negara, sedangkan Indonesia-European Free Trade Association (EFTA) Comprehensive Economic Partnership Agreement (IE-CEPA) ditandatangani pada bulan ini dan Indonesia dengan Chile pada awal 2018.

 

Selain itu, pemerintah juga akan mengejar penyelesaian perjanjian dagang yang sedang dalam proses seperti dengan Mozambik, Tunisia, Maroko, Uni Eropa dan Regional Comprehensive Economic Partnership (RCEP).

 

Menurut Ade, upaya pemerintah untuk membuka peningkatan ekspor ke negara2 tersebut juga perlu dibarengi dengan dukungan dari dalam negeri, antara lain berupa harmonisasi tarif dari hulu ke hilir dan harga energi yang berdaya saing.

 

“Di hulu, misalnya purified terephtalic acid (PTA) sebagai bahan baku poliester dan plastik jangan ada perlindungan yang berlebihan, begitu juga untuk poliester. Kami sudah dibebani bea masuk 10 tahun lebih sehingga harga produk kurang bersaing dibandingkan produk negara lain,” jelasnya.

 

Adapun, tujuan ekspor tekstil dan pakaian jadi pada tahun depan diperkirakan masih didominasi ke negara-negara Eropa, Amerika Serikat, dan Jepang, dan kemungkinan terjaid peningkatan ke negara-negara yang perjanjian dagangnya telah diselesaikan.

 

Sementara itu, Kementerian Perindustrian memproyeksikan industri kimia, tekstil, dan aneka (IKTA) bisa tumbuh lebih tinggi tahun depan. Achmad Sigit Dwiwahjono, Dirjen IKTA Kemenperin, mengatakan proyeksi sektor tersebut pada tahun babi tanah mendatang di kisaran 3,6%-4%, sedangkan pertumbuhan pada akhir 2018 sebesar 3,4%.

 

“Tahun depan lebih baik, salah satunya karena ada investasi besar di hulu petrokimia oleh Lotte Chemical Indonesia, investasinya US$3,5 miliar dan sudah groundbreaking, tanah sudah kebeli, minimal konstruksi sudah dimulai atau sepertiga investasi sudah masuk. Nanti 2020, alat-alatnya datang sudah US$2 miliar,” katanya.

 

Pada sektor tekstil juga terdapat investasi, terutama di sektor antara atau midstream. Sigit menyebutkan saat ini beberapa investor asal China berminat untuk menanamkan modalnya di dalam negeri dengan membangun fasilitas produksi. Namun, pemerintah mendorong ke industri pencelupan dan pewarnaan kain.

 

“Industri tekstil kita masih lemah di situ. Sudah ada yang joint venture mengambil alih pabrik,” katanya.

 

Sebelumnya, Ade menuturkan saat ini terdapat perusahaan tekstil ketiga terbesar di China sedang mematangkan rencana investasi di sektor kain dan pencelupan di Indonesia. Perusahaan tersebut merupakan produsen kain dengan kualitas tinggi, terutama untuk kemeja merek-merek premium, seperti Hugo Boss.

 

Investor asal Negeri Panda tersebut akan melakukan negoisasi terkait lokasi, pekerja, pembeli, dan sebagainya. Menurutnya, salah satu faktor pendorong minat investasi tersebut adalah desakan lead time, bukan karena perang dagang antara Amerika Serikat dengan China.

 

Ade menyebutkan dana yang ditanamkan oleh perusahaan China tersebut sekitar Rp500 miliar dan diperkirakan bisa meningkat mendekati Rp1 triliun, tergantung dari insentif yang didapatkan dari pemerintah.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
		
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