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Not all textile companies are ready to implement the Industrial Revolution 4.0 PDF Print E-mail
Written by Maizer   
Thursday, 03 January 2019

The Indonesian Textile Association (API) said that the country's textile industry has now implemented the 4.0 industrial revolution. However, most implementations have only been carried out within the scope of company management or have not yet arrived at the production process.

 

He said system had been implemented on average by export-oriented companies. Because the average overseas buyer wants the implementation of SAP as a technical standard that must be met. Without the implementation of SAP, of course, the textile industry in the country will be difficult to compete with the textile industry in other developing countries.

 

Currently Indonesian textile industry must face a number of heavy competitors such as China and Vietnam for the Southeast Asian region. Indonesia's position on the global textile market is only 2%, far smaller than China, which ranked first at 30%.

 

The textile industry is the third largest contributor to Indonesia's foreign exchange earnings. This industry in 2017 contributed export foreign exchange of 2.54 billion US dollars (US). This contribution is ranked third after palm oil products amounted to US $ 22.9 billion and the tourism sector amounted to US $ 20 billion.

 

Related to the investment of the textile industry in the country facing the 4.0 industrial revolution, Ade called all back to each company with different needs.

 

Application of technology to deal with revolution 4.0 in the textile industry in the country on average the company independently. This means that each company conducts internal research without involving third parties or technology providers.

 

When mentioned about reduction of workforce due to implementation of the industrial revolution 4.0, Ade said all returned to the production capacity of each company. If the implementation of the production capacity also increases, the reduction in labor is unlikely. It is also possible that the company will increase employment if demand increases after the implementation of 4.0 industrial revolution.

 

So far the government is considered to have been good enough in helping textile industry implement 4.0 industrial revolution. The assistance provided by the government includes a number of operator-level training in the form of 3 in 1 system training (training, competency certification and work placement).

 

In addition, the Ministry of Industry (Kemperin) through one of its vocational education units, Surakarta Academy of Textile and Textile Products Industry (AK Textile) has scored 157 graduates in 2018.

 

Belum semua perusahaan tekstil siap terapkan Revolusi Industri 4.0

 

 

Asosiasi Pertekstilan Indonesia (API) menyebut pelaku industri tekstil Tanah Air saat ini sudah mengimplementasikan revolusi industri 4.0. Namun, implementasi tersebut sebagian besar baru dilakukan di lingkup manajemen perusahaan atau belum sampai pada proses produksi.

 

Ia mengatakan sistem tersebut rata – rata sudah diimplementasikan oleh perusahaan yang berorientasi ekspor. Karena pembeli dari luar negeri rata – rata menginginkan implementasi SAP sebagai standar teknis yang harus dipenuhi. Tanpa adanya implementasi SAP tentu industri tekstil tanah air akan sulit bersaing dengan industri tekstil di negara berkembang lainnya.

 

Asal tahu saja, saat ini industri tekstil Indonesia harus menghadapi sejumlah pesaing berat seperti China dan Vietnam untuk kawasan regional Asia Tenggara. Posisi Indonesia terhadap pasar tekstil global hingga saat ini baru sebesar 2%, jauh lebih kecil dibandingkan China yang menempati posisi pertama di angka 30%.

 

Industri tekstil merupakan penyumbang devisa ekspor terbesar ketiga bagi Indonesia. Industri ini pada tahun 2017 menyumbangkan devisa ekspor sebesar 2,54 miliar dollar Amerika Serikat (AS). Kontribusi ini berada di peringkat ketiga setelah produk sawit sebesar 22,9 dollar AS miliar dan sektor pariwisata sebesar 20 miliar dollar AS.

 

Terkait dengan investasi industri tekstil tanah air menghadapi revolusi industri 4.0, Ade menyebut semua kembali ke masing – masing perusahaan dengan kebutuhan yang berbeda – beda.

 

Penerapan teknologi untuk menghadapi revolusi 4.0 di industri tekstil tanah air rata – rata dilakukan perusahaan secara mandiri. Artinya masing – masing perusahaan melakukan riset internal tanpa melibatkan pihak ketiga atau penyedia jasa (provider) teknologi.

 

Ketika disinggung mengenai pengurangan tenaga kerja akibat implementasi revolusi industri 4.0, Ade menyebut semua kembali ke kapasitas produksi masing – masing perusahaan. Apabila dengan implementasi tersebut kapasitas produksi ikut meningkat maka pengurangan tenaga kerja kemungkinan tidak akan terjadi. Tidak menutup kemungkinan pula perusahaan akan melakukan penambahan tenaga kerja apabila permintaan meningkat setelah adanya implementasi revolusi industri 4.0.

 

Sejauh ini pemerintah dianggap sudah cukup baik dalam membantu pelaku industri tekstil menerapkan revolusi industri 4.0. Bantuan yang diberikan pemerintah diantaranya adalah sejumlah pelatihan tingkat operator berupa diklat sistem 3 in 1 (pelatihan, sertifikasi kompetensi dan penempatan kerja).

 

Selain itu, Kementerian Perindustrian (Kemperin) melalui salah satu unit pendidikan vokasinya, Akademi Komunitas Industri Tekstil dan Produk Tekstil (AK Tekstil) Surakarta mencetak lulusan sebanyak 157 orang pada tahun 2018.

 
		
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