Advertisement Advertisement Advertisement
 
 
Lost Password?
APSyFI: The national textile industry is headed for a trade deficit, 2018 exports grow 1% and imports grow 14% (yoy).--IKATSI: The growth of the national textile industry is still hampered by floods of imports, Indonesia needs a clothing security law.


	
Product
Find millions of selling leads from around the world,now!
Featured Company
TIFICO FIBER INDONESIA PT (PT. TIFICO)
PAN ASIA, PT
SUSILIA INDAH SYNTHETIC FIBERS INDUSTRIES, PT (SULINDAFIN)
Pollyfin Canggih, PT
PT. TESTEX TESTING AND CERTIFICATION

Data & Statistic
  INDONESIA' EXPORTS / IMPORTS OF TEXTILE COMMODITIES JAN-MAR 2019
  INDONESIA' EXPORTS / IMPORTS OF TEXTILE COMMODITIES

Special Feature
  Texprocess presents ‘Digital Textile Micro Factory’ for the first time
Home arrow Latest News arrow Price Competition for Indonesian Products in the Nontraditional Export Market


				
			
			
Price Competition for Indonesian Products in the Nontraditional Export Market PDF Print E-mail
Written by Maizer   
Tuesday, 15 January 2019

The price of non-competitive products from Indonesia is the reason for  performance of non-oil exports to a number of non-traditional countries failed to reach the target last year.

 

Benny Soetrisno, Chairperson of the Indonesian Export Company Association (GPEI), admitted that all this time the entrepreneurs had difficulty spurring their exports to non-traditional trading partners because Indonesian products were more expensive than goods from competing countries.

 

He said, this condition mainly occurred in value-added manufacturing and processed products.

 

"We are unable to compete with countries like Vietnam and China that are more efficient in terms of production costs. "This problem is actually a problem that has long overtaken us, so it is not surprising that the performance of non-oil exports to non-traditional countries has not been too good," he explained.

 

For that, he hopes the government is willing to increase incentives for domestic manufacturing sector, especially those based on exports.

 

According to him, the issue of high labor costs and energy costs, as well as access to finance for exporters must be completed in the near future in order to support the performance of the export-based manufacturing industry.

 

Meanwhile, several industrial sectors are suspected of producing products with prices that are less competitive in non-traditional markets a.l. textiles and textile products (TPT), food and beverages (mamin), as well as crude palm oil / CPO derivatives.

 

In fact, said Benny, these commodities are processed products that are the mainstay of Indonesia's non-oil and gas exports.

 

"Problems like this must be considered first, before the government intensifies the opening of [market access] or trade promotion to non-traditional countries as voiced so far," he said.

 

Based on the Ministry of Trade's records, the performance of non-oil exports to a number of non-traditional countries that have trade representative offices was recorded as experiencing a correction in 2018 compared to 2017.

 

Based on data from the Central Statistics Agency (BPS), non-oil and gas exports to the United Arab Emirates (UAE) in 2018 corrected 8.31% year on year (yoy) to US $ 1.45 billion, while exports to Egypt dropped 17.49% to US $ 1.03 billion, and Saudi Arabia shrank 11.39% to US $ 1.22 billion.

 

Meanwhile, in the same period, exports to Latin America, such as Brazil, fell 6.51% to US $ 1.14 billion and to Chile only grew 0.27% to US $ 159.96 million. Furthermore, sales to South Africa also fell 6.05% to US $ 645, 12 million.

 

In fact, referring to the target set by the trade authority, non-oil and gas exports to these countries should be pegged to grow significantly, ranging from 1% -9%.

 

Responding to the negative trend, Deputy Chairperson of the Indonesian Employers' Association (Apindo) Shinta W. Kamdani argued that the low competitiveness of Indonesian products in non-traditional countries was one of the problems that hampered the performance of Indonesia's non-oil and gas exports.

 

The situation, he continued, was exacerbated by global economic conditions which still did not improve due to uncertainty about a trade war between the United States (US) and China.

 

"We need not less time to strengthen the market penetration of non-oil products to non-traditional partner countries. Because, we must compete strictly with products from other countries. Therefore, it is important for us to spur free trade agreement [FTA], as a solution to reduce price pressure, "he explained.

 

From the point of view of industry players, Chairperson of the Indonesian Textile Association (API) Ade Sudrajat stated, Indonesia must fight hard to compete with textile products from Vietnam, China and Bangladesh.

 

He gave an example, for exports to the African region, Indonesia must compete with China which already has more established global logistics and supply chain channels in the region.

 

Meanwhile, due to distance, textile exports from Bangladesh have become cheaper due to the relative proximity of Africa and the Middle East.

 

"That is why, we are now focusing more on TPT exports to the US and the European Union. "In the US, we already have trade agreements to absorb their cotton so that our textiles are bought more by the country," he said

 

At the same time, Ade said, TPT Homeland exporters were waiting for the implementation of a cooperation agreement between the Indonesia-European Union Comprehensive Economic Partnership Agreement (IEU-CEPA) in order to boost sales to the Blue Continent.

 

Because, according to him, with this comprehensive economic cooperation, Indonesian TPT will be exempted from import duties to the European Union. This will make TPT products from Indonesia able to compete with products from Vietnam.

 

 

Persaingan Harga Produk Indonesia di Pasar Ekspor Nontradisional

 

 

Harga produk asal Indonesia yang tidak kompetitif menjadi alasan kinerja ekspor nonmigas ke sejumlah negara nontradisional gagal mencapai target pada tahun lalu.

 

Ketua Umum Gabungan Perusahaan Ekspor Indonesia (GPEI) Benny Soetrisno mengaku, selama ini para pengusaha kesulitan memacu ekspornya ke mitra dagang nontradisional lantaran produk-produk asal Indonesia lebih mahal dibandingkan dengan barang-barang dari negara-negara kompetitor.

 

Dia menyebutkan, kondisi itu terutama terjadi kepada produk-produk manufaktur dan olahan bernilai tambah.

 

“Kami kalah bersaing dengan negara seperti Vietnam dan China yang lebih efisien dalam hal ongkos produksi. Masalah ini sebenarnya adalah persoalan yang cukup lama melanda kita, sehingga bukan hal yang mengagetkan kalau kinerja ekspor nonmigas ke negara nontradisional belum terlalu bagus,” jelasnya .

 

Untuk itu, dia berharap pemerintah bersedia meningkatkan insentif terhadap sektor manufaktur dalam negeri, terutama yang berbasis ekspor.

 

Menurutnya, persoalan biaya tenaga kerja dan ongkos energi yang tinggi, serta akses pembiayaan bagi eksportir harus dituntaskan dalam waktu dekat demi menunjang kinerja industri manufaktur berbasis ekspor.

 

Adapun, beberapa sektor industri yang ditengarai menghasilkan produk dengan harga yang kurang bersaing di pasar nontradisional a.l. tekstil dan produk tekstil (TPT), makanan dan minuman (mamin), serta produk turunan minyak sawit mentah (crude palm oil/CPO).

 

Padahal, kata Benny, komoditas-komoditas tersebut merupakan produk olahan yang menjadi andalan ekspor nonmigas RI.

 

“Persoalan seperti ini yang harus diperhatikan lebih dulu, sebelum pemerintah menggencarkan pembukaan [akses pasar] atau promosi dagang ke negara nontradisional seperti yang disuarakan selama ini,” tuturnya.

 

Berdasarkan catatan Kementerian Perdagangan, kinerja ekspor nonmigas ke sejumlah negara nontradisional yang memiliki kantor perwakilan dagang tercatat mengalami koreksi pada 2018 dibandingkan dengan 2017.

 

Berdasarkan data Badan Pusat Statistik (BPS), ekspor nonmigas ke Uni Emirat Arab (UEA) pada 2018 tekoreksi 8,31% secara year on year (yoy) menjadi US$1,45 miliar, sedangkan ekspor ke Mesir melorot 17,49% menjadi US$1,03 miliar, dan ke Arab Saudi menyusut 11,39% menjadi US$1,22 miliar.

 

Sementara itu, pada periode yang sama, ekspor ke negara Amerika Latin, seperti ke Brasil turun 6,51% menjadi US$1,14 miliar dan ke Chile hanya tumbuh 0,27% menjadi US$159,96 juta. Lebih lanjut, penjualan ke Afrika Selatan juga tercatat turun 6,05% menjadi US$645, 12 juta.

 

Padahal, mengacu pada target yang ditetapkan oleh otoritas perdagangan, ekspor nonmigas ke negara-negara tersebut seharusnya dipatok tumbuh cukup signifikan, yakni berkisar antara 1%—9%.

 

Menanggapi tren negatif tersebut, Wakil Ketua Umum Asosiasi Pengusaha Indonesia (Apindo) Shinta W. Kamdani berpendapat, rendahnya daya saing produk Indonesia di negara nontradisional menjadi salah satu persoalan yang menghambat kinerja ekspor nonmigas RI.

 

 

Situasi itu, lanjutnya, diperparah oleh kondisi ekonomi global yang masih belum membaik lantaran adanya ketidakpastian perang dagang antara Amerika Serikat (AS) dan China.

 

“Kita membutuhkan waktu yang tidak sedikit untuk memperkuat penetrasi pasar produk nonmigas ke negara mitra nontradisional. Sebab, kita harus berkompetisi ketat dengan produk dari negara lain. Maka dari itu, penting bagi kita untuk memacu kerja sama dagang bebas [free trade agreement/FTA], sebagai salah satu solusi mereduksi tekanan dari sisi harga,” jelasnya.

 

Dari sudut pandang pelaku industri, Ketua Umum Asosiasi Pertekstilan Indonesia (API) Ade Sudrajat menyatakan, Indonesia harus berjuang keras untuk bersaing dengan produk TPT dari Vietnam, China dan Bangladesh.

 

Dia mencontohkan, untuk ekspor ke regional Afrika, Indonesia harus bersaing dengan China yang sudah memiliki jalur logistik dan rantai pasok global yang lebih mapan di kawasan tersebut.

 

Adapun, terkait dengan jarak, ekspor TPT dari Bangladesh menjadi lebih murah lantaran jarak dengan Afrika dan Timur Tengah yang relatif lebih dekat.

 

“Itulah mengapa, kita sekarang lebih banyak fokus [ekspor TPT] ke AS dan Uni Eropa. Di AS kita sudah punya perjanjian dagang untuk menyerap kapas mereka supaya tekstil kita lebih banyak dibeli oleh negara itu,” ujarnya

 

Pada saat bersamaan, sebut Ade, para eksportir TPT Tanah Air sedang menantikan terlaksananya pakta kerja sama Indonesia-European Union Comprehensive Economic Partnership Agreement (IEU-CEPA) agar dapat menggenjot penjualan ke Benua Biru.

 

Pasalnya, menurut dia, dengan kerja sama ekonomi komprehensif tersebut, TPT Indonesia akan dibebaskan bea masuknya ke kawasan Uni Eropa. Hal itu akan membuat produk TPT asal Indonesia dapat bersaing dengan produk asal Vietnam.

 
		
More Latest News & Recent
Textile Market Growth Runs Stagnant
13 Points from the Indonesian Textile Industry to the President
Textile Association Hope Government to Fix Business Ecosystems
RI Textile Weak, Jokowi Regret Open Import Door
The Government Begins Safeguard Investigation for Textile Products
Latest Selling Leads
kain twill kembang 2019-03-26
Printmate 2017-10-27
Label 2017-04-07
Canvas Fabric 2016-04-29
POST   |   MORE
Latest Buying Leads
kain katun jepang 2019-03-26
Cari Kain 2019-03-26
Twill Pants 2017-04-07
All Finish Fabric 2016-03-21
POST   |   MORE
  EXPERT PERSPECTIVE
Export Perspective of Textiles Industry
Suharno
IKATSI Chairman
Export Perspective of Textiles Industry
Read more...
Advertisement
Advertisement
Advertisement
 
 | Home | About Us | Contact Us | Organization Link | Our Publication | Advertisement | Sitemap | CSR | Term & Condition  | 
Copyright © 2008, All rights reserved by CV. Gaindo Pratama Indonesia.