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Home arrow Latest News arrow Fashion Businessman: Tax Makes Trading More Organized


				
			
			
Fashion Businessman: Tax Makes Trading More Organized PDF Print E-mail
Written by Maizer   
Wednesday, 16 January 2019

The fashion design association stated that distribution chain of various fashion products is now far more efficient as  trade access is open online. In line with the various facilities available, business people should obey the rules including tax matters.

 

President of the Indonesian Fashion Entrepreneurs Designer Association (APPMI) Poppy Dharsono acknowledges that creative efforts in the fashion sector are micro and small scale. They need support to develop their business.

 

"However, it must also be taxed to be orderly. The presence of e-commerce has already cut sales (distribution) channels. And those who buy also become more numerous, yes, they should obey taxes," he said.

 

Before e-commerce was widespread, the distribution channels of fashion products involved several parties before they could be reached by consumers. After being produced, the goods must pass through at least three channeling agencies first.

 

First of all, producers interact with agents to distribute goods to large traders. Then the goods stop at the retailer, then they are sold to the end consumers.

 

A long distribution channel raises a number of costs then compensates for the selling price. The presence of various e-commerce platforms can shorten the chain of distribution of goods. Manufacturers can even directly reach end users.

 

"In the past, to (reach out) the department store might have to (this cost). Even though (e-commerce) would be much regulated, the distribution channel would still be much easier," said Poppy.

 

The Ministry of Finance (MoF) realizes the need for equal treatment between electronic and conventional trade. Therefore, as of April 1, 2019, the Minister of Finance Regulation (PMK) No. 210 / PMK.101 / 2018 concerning Tax Treatment of Trade Transactions Through E-commerce Electronic Systems.

 

The e-commerce platform provider must collect Value Added Tax (PPN). This rule applies to platforms that provide a marketplace to traders / service providers. In addition, the activity of delivering taxable goods / services through marketplaces or other means is also subject to VAT.

 

APPMI considers that the regulation is the right policy to be taken by the government. Because, electronic commerce is increasingly prevalent in the coming years. "See, now Hero (conventional retail) closes. Metro and others can slowly close too, moving to online," Poppy said.

 

On the other hand, the Association of Indonesian Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises (Akumindo) stated that MSME players in the creative sector such as fashion and other fields still need support and partisanship from the government. They need the right incentives.

 

"(Incentives) in the form of taxes are also suitable so that the selling price can remain cheap. This can stimulate MSMEs (more) towards the export market. This alignment for MSMEs can rise again," said Akumindo General Chairman Ikhsan Ingratubun separately.

 

The Center for Indonesia Taxation Analysis (CITA) previously stated that incentives for micro, small and medium enterprises should not be flat. The government needs to sort according to the characteristics of the business sector and not be uniform into one concept that is too broad.

 

 

 

Pebisnis Fesyen: Pajak Bikin Perdagangan Lebih Tertib

 

 

 

Asosiasi perancang mode busana menyatakan, rantai distribusi berbagai produk fesyen kini jauh lebih efisien seiring terbukanya akses perdagangan secara daring. Sejalan dengan berbagai kemudahan yang ada, pebisnis selayaknya taat aturan termasuk soal pajak.

 

Presiden Asosiasi Perancang Pengusaha Mode Indonesia (APPMI) Poppy Dharsono mengakui bahwa usaha kreatif di bidang fesyen sebagian berskala mikro dan kecil. Mereka membutuhkan dukungan untuk mengembangkan bisnisnya.

 

"Tapi, juga memang harus dipajaki agar tertib. Kehadiran e-commerce sudah banyak memangkas jalur (distribusi) penjualan. Dan yang membeli juga jadi lebih banyak, ya seharusnya taat pajak," ujarnya.

 

Sebelum perdagangan secara elektronik (e-commerce) marak, saluran distribusi produk fesyen melibatkan beberapa pihak sebelum bisa dijangkau konsumen. Setelah diproduksi, barang harus melewati setidaknya tiga lembaga penyalur lebih dulu.

 

Pertama-tama, produsen berinteraksi dengan agen untuk mendistribusikan barang kepada para pedagang besar. Kemudian barang singgah di pengecer, barulah selanjutnya dijajakkan kepada konsumen akhir.

 

Saluran distribusi yang panjang menimbulkan sejumlah biaya lantas dikompensasikan dalam harga jual. Kehadiran berbagai platform e-commerce mampu memperpendek rantai penyaluran barang. Produsen bahkan dapat langsung menjangkau end user.

 

"Dahulu, untuk (menjangkau) department store mungkin harus (biaya) ini itu. Meskipun (e-commerce) akan banyak diatur, masih tetap jauh lebih mudah saluran distribusinya," tutur Poppy.

 

Kementerian Keuangan (Kemenkeu) menyadari perlu kesetaraan perlakuan di antara perdagangan elektronik dan konvensional. Oleh karena itu, per 1 April 2019 diberlakukan Peraturan Menteri Keuangan (PMK) No. 210/PMK.101/2018 tentang Perlakuan Pajak Atas Transaksi Perdagangan Melalui Sistem Elektronik E-commerce.

 

Penyedia platform e-commerce wajib memungut Pajak Pertambahan Nilai (PPN). Aturan ini berlaku bagi platform yang menyediakan marketplace kepada pedagang/penyedia jasa. Selain itu, aktivitas penyerahan barang/jasa kena pajak melalui marketplace maupun cara lain juga dikenakan PPN.

 

APPMI menilai aturan tersebut merupakan kebijakan yang selayaknya ditempuh pemerintah. Pasalnya, perdagangan elektronik semakin marak pada tahun-tahun mendatang. "Lihat, sekarang Hero (retail konvensional) tutup. Metro dan lainnya pelan-pelan bisa tutup juga, pindah ke online," ucap Poppy.

 

Pada sisi lain, Asosiasi Usaha Mikro, Kecil, dan Menengah Indonesia (Akumindo) mengutarakan bahwa pelaku UMKM di sektor kreatif seperti fesyen maupun bidang lain tetap membutuhkan dukungan dan keberpihakan pemerintah. Mereka butuh insentif yang tepat.

 

"(Insentif) dalam bentuk pajak cocok juga agar harga jual bisa tetap murah. ini dapat merangsang pelaku UMKM (lebih banyak) mengarah ke pasar ekspor. Keberpihakan ini untuk UMKM bisa bangkit kembali," kata Ketua Umum Akumindo Ikhsan Ingratubun secara terpisah.

 

Center for Indonesia Taxation Analysis (CITA) sebelumnya menyatakan, insentif bagi usaha mikro, kecil, dan menengah sebaiknya tidak pukul rata. Pemerintah perlu memilah sesuai karakteristik bidang usaha dan tidak menyeragamkan menjadi satu konsep yang terlalu luas.

 
		
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