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Home arrow Latest News arrow Exports Predicted to Stagnating, Immediately Increase Import Rates


				
			
			
Exports Predicted to Stagnating, Immediately Increase Import Rates PDF Print E-mail
Written by Maizer   
Tuesday, 22 January 2019

The government is expected to immediately realize a plan to increase import tariffs, especially on goods that can be produced domestically. It aims to put the brakes on the pace of imports to improve the trade balance deficit.

 

Because, on the other hand, Indonesia's export growth is predicted to stagnate following a slowdown in China's economic growth which in turn will also suppress the global economy. Indef researcher, Reza Akbar, said that to reduce imports, it is appropriate for the government to increase import tariffs, especially for various goods that can actually be produced domestically.

 

"Furthermore, to spur export revenues, the government must use fiscal instruments so that manufactured product exports increase and trade destination countries increase," he said.

 

According to Reza, Indonesia is constantly dependent on imports because large domestic demand is not supported in terms of production or supply. In fact, the lack of supply should only be for goods that do not have resources in Indonesia. "But, actually we have the potential of its resources. Unfortunately, that is not managed optimally, "said Reza.

 

Previously reported, the Finance Minister, Sri Mulyani, plans to increase import tariffs to improve the widening of the trade deficit, if Indonesia is unable to boost exports due to the global economic slowdown. The government has raised import tariffs for 1,100 items in 2018, after the rupiah weakened to the lowest level since the 1997-1998 Asian financial crisis.

 

"Whether through import tariffs or spurring export revenues, we will ensure that we will use fiscal instruments to support exports," Sri Mulyani told the Financial Times. "If needed, when exports cannot catch up ... then we must accept that the current account deficit can only be narrowed by cutting imports," he added.

 

Minister of Finance revealed that when Indonesia announced the worst record of trade deficit in 2018 amounting to 8.57 billion US dollars. Reza added, the low production side was mainly due to the weak structure of the domestic industry. Some of the causes are inefficient and lack of infrastructure.

 

However, nowadays infrastructure has been built so that the industry should be more competitive. "So that imported goods can be produced domestically more efficiently and competitively. Finally, we don't need to import, "he said.

 

 

 

Ekspor Diprediksi Tersendat, Segera Naikkan Tarif Impor

 

 

 

Pemerintah diharapkan segera merealisasikan rencana untuk menaikkan tarif impor terutama pada barang yang bisa diproduksi di dalam negeri. Ini bertujuan untuk mengerem laju impor guna memperbaiki defisit neraca perdagangan.

 

Sebab, di sisi lain, pertumbuhan ekspor Indonesia diprediksi bakal tersendat menyusul perlambatan pertumbuhan ekonomi Tiongkok yang pada akhirnya juga akan menekan perekonomian global. Peneliti Indef, Reza Akbar, mengemukakan untuk mengurangi impor, sudah sepantasnya pemerintah menaikkan tarif impor, khususnya untuk berbagai barang yang sebenarnya bisa diproduksi di dalam negeri.

 

“Selanjutnya, untuk memacu pendapatan ekspor, pemerintah mesti menggunakan instrumen fiskal agar ekspor produk manufaktur meningkat dan negara tujuan dagang makin bertambah,” ujar dia,

 

Menurut Reza, Indonesia terus-menerus bergantung impor karena permintaan dalam negeri yang besar tidak didukung dari sisi produksi atau penawaran. Padahal, semestinya ketiadaan supply itu seharusnya hanya untuk barang yang memang tidak ada sumber dayanya di Indonesia. “Tapi, sebenarnya kita itu punya potensi sumber dayanya. Sayangnya, itu nggak dikelola maksimal,” kata Reza.

 

Sebelumnya dikabarkan, Menteri Keuangan, Sri Mulyani, berencana menaikkan tarif impor untuk memperbaiki pelebaran defisit perdagangan, jika Indonesia tidak mampu mendorong ekspor akibat perlambatan ekonomi global. Pemerintah telah menaikkan tarif impor untuk 1.100 item pada 2018, setelah rupiah melemah hingga level terendah sejak krisis keuangan Asia 1997–1998.

 

“Apakah melalui tarif impor atau memacu pendapatan ekspor, kami akan memastikan bahwa kami akan menggunakan instrumen fiskal untuk mendukung ekspor,” ujar Sri Mulyani kepada Financial Times. “Jika diperlukan, ketika ekspor tidak dapat mengejar... maka kita harus menerima bahwa defisit transaksi berjalan hanya bisa dipersempit dengan memangkas impor,” imbuh dia.

 

Menkeu mengungkapkan hal itu ketika Indonesia mengumumkan rekor terburuk defisit perdagangan pada 2018 sebesar 8,57 miliar dollar AS. Reza menambahkan, rendahnya sisi produksi terutama disebabkan lemahnya struktur industri dalam negeri. Beberapa faktor penyebabnya adalah tidak efisien dan minimnya infrastruktur.

 

Namun, saat ini sudah banyak dibangun infrastruktur sehingga seharusnya industri lebih berdaya saing. “Sehingga barang-barang impor itu bisa diproduksi di dalam negeri dengan lebih efisien dan kompetitif. Akhirnya, kita nggak perlu impor,” papar dia.

 

 

 

 
		
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