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Home arrow Latest News arrow Indonesia Has High Optimism Set Industry 4.0


				
			
			
Indonesia Has High Optimism Set Industry 4.0 PDF Print E-mail
Written by Maizer   
Thursday, 28 February 2019

Indonesia is considered to be a country at the Asean level that has high optimism regarding the readiness of industrial implementation 4.0. This was reflected in the launch of the road map of Making Indonesia 4.0 in April last year and the application of industrial digitalization by a number of domestic manufacturing companies.

 

The Minister of Industry also said, based on McKinsey's research results, Indonesia ranked second as country with the highest optimism in implementing industry 4.0, which was 78%. Above Indonesia there is Vietnam at 79%, while under Indonesia it is occupied by Thailand, around 72%, Singapore 53%, Philippines 52% and Malaysia 38%.

 

McKinsey research also shows that industry 4.0 will have a significant impact on the manufacturing sector in Indonesia. For example, digitalization will encourage an increase of as much as USD150 billion in Indonesia's economic output in 2025. About a quarter of that figure, or valued at USD38 billion, is generated by the manufacturing sector.

 

To that end, in order to optimize performance of national manufacturing industry, efforts are needed to accelerate the application of digital technology. The technology is determinant of success in industrial adaptation 4.0, including the Internet of Things, Big Data, Cloud Computing, Artificial Intelligence, Mobility, Virtual and Augmented Reality, sensor systems and automation, and Virtual Branding.

 

Minister of Industry explained, industry 4.0 was a big leap in the manufacturing sector through maximum utilization of information and communication technology. Not only in terms of production, but also the entire value chain to achieve optimal efficiency so as to give birth to new digital-based business models.

 

In addition, added Airlangga, initiative 4.0 industry not only has tremendous potential in driving policy changes in the manufacturing sector, but also able to change various aspects of human civilization life.

 

Making Indonesia 4.0 has selected five manufacturing sectors that will be the pioneers in implementation of the digitalization era, namely food and beverage industry, textiles and clothing, automotive, chemical, and electronics. This manufacturing group was chosen because of its high contribution to the national economy, with contributions of up to 60 percent in GDP, export value, and employment.

 

The implementation of industry 4.0 will open up employment opportunities for up to 17 million people who are literate in digital technology, with a composition of 4.5 million from the manufacturing sector and 12.5 million from the supporting industries.

 

"In order to fulfill these HR competencies, we have to retraining skills for new jobs. This is in line with the wishes of President Joko Widodo, who this year focused on building quality human resources through massive vocational training and industrial education activities, with dual system concepts in vocational and polytechnic," he said.

 

Since 2017, the Ministry of Industry has launched a vocational education program that links and matches between SMK and industry. Until now, it has reached Java, Sumatra, Kalimantan to Sulawesi by cooperating with 2,074 SMKs and 745 companies involving more than 441,800 students.

 

In addition, a competency-based industry training program with a 3 in 1 system (training, certification and work placement) is held that is targeted at capturing 72,000 participants in 2019. Then a Diploma I program which graduates are immediately absorbed working in the industry with a target of 600 college student.

 

 

Indonesia Punya Optimisme Tinggi Tetapkan Industri 4.0

 

 

Indonesia dinilai menjadi negara di tingkat Asean yang memiliki optimisme tinggi terhadap kesiapan implementasi industri 4.0. Hal ini tercermin dari peluncuran peta jalan Making Indonesia 4.0 di April tahun lalu dan penerapan digitalisasi industri oleh sejumlah perusahaan manufaktur di dalam negeri.

 

Menperin juga menyebutkan, berdasarkan hasil riset McKinsey, Indonesia menempati posisi kedua sebagai negara dengan optimisme tertinggi dalam menerapkan industri 4.0, yakni sebesar 78%. Di atas Indonesia terdapat Vietnam sebesar 79%, sedangkan di bawah Indonesia ditempati Thailand sekitar 72%, Singapura 53%, Filipina 52% dan Malaysia 38%.

 

Riset McKinsey juga menunjukkan, industri 4.0 akan berdampak signifikan pada sektor manufaktur di Indonesia. Misalnya, digitalisasi bakal mendorong pertambahan sebanyak USD150 miliar atas hasil ekonomi Indonesia pada tahun 2025. Sekitar seperempat dari angka tersebut, atau senilai USD38 miliar, dihasilkan oleh sektor manufaktur.

 

Untuk itu, guna mengoptimalkan kinerja industri manufaktur nasional, diperlukan upaya akselerasi penerapan teknologi digital. Adapun teknologi yang menjadi penentu keberhasilan pada adaptasi industri 4.0, antara lain Internet of Things, Big Data, Cloud Computing, Artificial Intelligence, Mobility, Virtual and Augmented Reality, sistem sensor dan otomasi, serta Virtual Branding.

 

Menperin menjelaskan, industri 4.0 merupakan sebuah lompatan besar pada sektor manufaktur melalui pemanfaatan teknologi informasi dan komunikasi secara maksimal. Tidak hanya dari segi produksi, namun juga keseluruhan rantai nilai untuk mencapai efisiensi yang optimal sehingga melahirkan model bisnis baru yang berbasis digital.

 

Selain itu, tambah Airlangga, inisiatif industri 4.0 tidak hanya memiliki potensi luar biasa dalam mendorong perubahan kebijakan sektor manufaktur, tetapi juga mampu mengubah berbagai aspek kehidupan peradaban manusia.

 

Making Indonesia 4.0 telah memilih lima sektor manufaktur yang akan menjadi pionir penerapan era digitalisasi, yakni industri makanan dan minuman, tekstil dan pakaian, otomotif, kimia, serta elektronika. Kelompok manufaktur ini dipilih karena berkontribusi tinggi terhadap ekonomi nasional, dengan sumbangsih hingga 60 persen pada PDB, nilai ekspor, dan penyerapan tenaga kerja.

 

Implementasi industri 4.0 akan membuka peluang kerja hingga 17 juta orang yang melek teknologi digital, dengan komposisi 4,5 juta orang dari sektor manufaktur dan 12,5 juta orang dari industri penunjangnya.

 

"Guna memenuhi kompetensi SDM tersebut, kita harus melakukan retraining skill untuk pekerjaan baru. Ini sejalan keinginan Presiden Joko Widodo yang tahun ini difokuskan untuk membangun SDM berkualitas melalui kegiatan pelatihan dan pendidikan vokasi industri secara masif, dengan konsep dual system di SMK dan politeknik," tuturnya.

 

Sejak tahun 2017, Kementerian Perindustrian meluncurkan program pendidikan vokasi yang link and match antara SMK dengan industri. Hingga saat ini, telah menjangkau wilayah Jawa, Sumatera, Kalimantan hingga Sulawesi dengan menggandeng sebanyak 2.074 SMK dan 745 perusahaan yang melibatkan lebih dari 441.800 siswa.

 

Di samping itu, diselenggarakan program pelatihan industri berbasis kompetensi dengan sistem 3 in 1 (pelatihan, sertifikasi, dan penempatan kerja) yang ditargetkan dapat menjaring 72.000 peserta pada tahun 2019. Kemudian dilaksanakan pula program Diploma I yang lulusannya langsung terserap bekerja di industri dengan target 600 mahasiswa.

 
		
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