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APSyFI: The national textile industry is headed for a trade deficit, 2018 exports grow 1% and imports grow 14% (yoy).--IKATSI: The growth of the national textile industry is still hampered by floods of imports, Indonesia needs a clothing security law.


	
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Home arrow Latest News arrow Imports are rampant, local textile industry hopes there will be increase in demand face of Eid


				
			
			
Imports are rampant, local textile industry hopes there will be increase in demand face of Eid PDF Print E-mail
Written by Maizer   
Monday, 18 March 2019

The hustle and bust of textile and textile products (TPT) imports in the country is a serious challenge for producers of textile raw materials, such as raw fabrics, threads and filament fibers. The price of imported products that are usually cheaper causes domestic competition to be unhealthy.

The association hopes that this year the government will favor the domestic industry, especially in  second quarter of the year  demand for clothing can increase up to 100% compared to other periods. "For fiber and yarn, we still hope to be able to rise starting in April," Redma said.

 

Meanwhile, Prama Yudha Amdan, Assistant President Director of Corporate Communications at PT Asia Pacific Fibers Tbk (POLY) said that for example there is no textile component in the country, of course imports are not the right choice. This yarn and fiber producer exemplifies Turkey, for example, which holds safeguards in each of its textile production chains.

 

"The point is not to avoid competition, but this step is taken so that competition is more fair and playing fields between players are placed in the same situation," Prama said.

 

Current conditions with uncompetitive and fairly expensive gas energy are certainly far behind those of large textile importers such as China.

 

Moreover, said Prama, China also injected incentives into many industries including textiles. Some things become Prama's notes, namely that each local industry must improve its fundamentals in order to be competitive.

 

Then related to policies that regulate import of raw materials need to be re-evaluated. As well as the spread of textile industry which is expected to be integrated in the country, it still encounters logistical constraints in each remote area.

 

"For the fiber industry in Purwakarta, then the Chemical is in Karawang, while yarn processing is in Central Java, while many convection sales are in Bandung. This condition is a challenge in the future, besides the fiscal incentives," Prama explained.

 

He further explained that in industry there was actually an increase in the consumption of textile products per capita in Indonesia in 2018 yesterday compared to the previous year. From 2017 the per capita consumption of textile products is still in the range of 7.2 kilograms-7.3 kilograms, then in 2018 it was estimated that almost 8 kilograms of textile products per capita were estimated yesterday.

 

Unfortunately the high consumption is not seen in terms of the output volume of the domestic textile industry. The increase said Prama, at most 1% -1.5% last year on year (yoy). This is what the industry still questioned, whether the demand is still filled with imported products.

 

While the matter  trends in the fasting month and Eid holiday, Prama is admittedly there is usually an increase in demand two months before that moment because garment manufacturers will boost production to meet demand in the market. But until now the tendency to increase is still not visible.

 

 

Impor marak, industri TPT lokal berharap ada kenaikan permintaan jelang Lebaran

 

 

 

Ramainya produk Tekstil dan Produk Tekstil (TPT) impor di tanah air menjadi tantangan berat bagi produsen bahan baku tekstil, seperti kain mentah, benang dan serat filamen. Harga produk impor yang biasanya lebih murah menyebabkan kompetisi di dalam negeri menjadi tidak sehat.

 

Asosiasi Produsen Serat dan Benang Filament Indonesia (APSyFI) memaparkan untuk produk serat dan benang ada impor walau sedikit, sedangkan produk kain jauh lebih banyak. "Meskipun sedikit, (serat dan benang impor) tetap mengganggu stabilitas harga di pasar domestik karena mereka jual 20% lebih murah," ungkap Redma Gita Wirawasta, Sekretaris Jenderal APSyFI.

 

Harga yang murah tak terlepas dari ongkos produksi murah, khususnya dari segi energi gas, dan output yang berlebih dari negara asal impor seperti China. Sedangkan untuk produk kain impor, kata Redma, saat ini porsinya sudah sampai 45% dari kebutuhan lokal.

 

"Oleh karenanya kami minta Pusat Logistik Berikat (PLB) tidak dibuka untuk seluruh barang tekstil, tapi hanya untuk kapas saja yg memang tidak diproduksi di sini," sebut Redma terkait persoalan makin ramainya produk impor ini.

 

Sebelumnya asosiasi memang cukup vokal terhadap pemberlakuan PLB tersebut.

 

Menjelang lebaran, biasanya produksi garmen bakal ditingkatkan guna memenuhi permintaan pakaian kala libur panjang. Untuk itu tentunya permintaan bahan baku tekstil meningkat, namun kata kata Redma, sudah tiga tahun ini, momen lebaran sudah tidak berdampak signifikan terhadap industri dalam negeri dikarenakan pasar dibanjiri pakaian dan kain impor.

 

Asosiasi berharap pemerintah tahun ini berpihak kepada industri dalam negeri, apalagi di triwulan kedua setiap tahunnya permintaan pakaian dapat meningkat hingga 100% dibandingkan periode-periode lainnya. "Untuk serat dan benang kami masih berharap bisa naik mulai April nanti," sebut Redma.

 

Sementara itu, Prama Yudha Amdan, Assistant President Director Corporate Communications PT Asia Pacific Fibers Tbk (POLY) mengatakan kalau misalnya tidak ada komponen tekstil di dalam negeri, tentu impor bukanlah pilihan yang tepat. Produsen benang dan serat ini mencontohkan Turki misalnya yang mengadakan safeguard di setiap rantai produksi tekstilnya.

 

"Maksudnya bukan menghindari kompetisi, tapi langkah ini ditempuh agar persaingan lebih adil dan playing field antar pemain ditempatkan di situasi yang sama," tutur Prama.

 

Kondisi saat ini dengan energi gas yang tidak kompetitif dan terbilang mahal tentu kalah jauh dari importir tekstil besar seperti China.

 

Apalagi kata Prama, China juga menyuntikkan insentifnya ke banyak industri termasuk tekstil. Beberapa hal menjadi catatan Prama, yakni masing-masing industri lokal harus memperbaiki funfamentalnya agar dapat berdaya saing.

 

Lalu terkait kebijakan yang mengatur impor bahan baku perlu dievaluasi kembali. Serta penyebaran industri tekstil yang diharapkan terintegrasi di dalam negeri masih menemui kendala logistik masing-masing area yang jauh.

 

"Kalau industri fiber di Purwakarta, lalu Chemical-nya di Karawang, sedangkan pengolahan benang rata-rata di Jawa Tengah, sementara penjualan konveksi banyak di Bandung. Kondisi ini jadi tantangan ke depan, selain insentif fiskal tadi," urai Prama.

 

Lebih lanjut ia menjabarkan secara industri sebenarnya ada kenaikan konsumsi produk tekstil per kapita di Indonesia pada 2018 kemarin dibandingkan tahun sebelumnya. Dari tahun 2017 konsumsi per kapita produk tekstil masih kisaran 7,2 kilogram-7,3 kilogram, maka di tahun 2018 kemarin diperkirakan hampir mencapai 8 kilogram produk tekstil per kapita.

 

Sayangnya tingginya konsumsi tak terlihat dari segi output volume industri TPT dalam negeri. Kenaikannya kata Prama, paling kisaran 1%-1,5% di tahun kemarin secara year on year (yoy). Hal inilah yang masih dipertanyakan industri, apakah permintaan tersebut masih banyak diisi oleh produk impor.

 

Sementara soal tren di bulan puasa dan libur lebaran, memang diakui Prama biasanya ada kenaikan permintaan dua bulan menjelang momen tersebut lantaran pabrikan garmen akan menggenjot produksinya untuk memenuhi demand di pasar. Namun sampai sekarang tendensi kenaikan masih belum terlihat.

 
		
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