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APSyFI: The national textile industry is headed for a trade deficit, 2018 exports grow 1% and imports grow 14% (yoy).--IKATSI: The growth of the national textile industry is still hampered by floods of imports, Indonesia needs a clothing security law.

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Textile Industry Complains About Mafia Imports PDF Print E-mail
Written by Maizer   
Friday, 12 June 2020

The Textile Industry and Textile Products (TPT) once again complained about the importation of personal protective products or PPE. Chairman of the Indonesian Textile Expert Association (IKATSI) Suharno Rusdi said the import mafia was acting up again, they succeeded in penetrating Iobi to import imported goods so that it again made the national TPT industry bite the fingers.


In fact, Rusdi explained that the capacity of garment and small and medium sized convection industries, which reached 2.5 million tons per year or around 600 million pieces per month, was able to meet the needs of PPE, especially hazmat and gown clothes which were estimated to reach 10 million pieces per month.


"Even for raw materials from fabrics, yarns to fibers, we can also meet them from within the country, with an average capacity of more than 2.5 million tons per year," he said.


According to Rusdi, currently the Ministry of Health requires non-woven spunbond raw materials so that imports can enter freely. In fact, PPE material made from woven or woven fabric available has been tested in the Central Laboratory of Textile (BBT) testing laboratory and the Application of Technology (BPPT) and the results have met the hazmat and gown clothing standards of the World Health Organization (WHO) ).


In addition, PPE materials developed together with the National Disaster Management Agency (BNPB) are affordable and are safe and comfortable to wear. While based on the study of textile expertise at IKATSI, for aspects of water and blood absorption, woven and non woven materials have the same ability because they use the same coating or lamination technology.


However, woven material is more resistant to tearing, flexible and breathable compared to non woven material so that it is safer and more comfortable when worn by health workers.


"Woven material is much cheaper, because non woven spunbond uses polyprophilene, whose price has almost doubled because it is also used as a raw material for masks," Rusdi said.


Rusdi explained that the national non-woven production capacity that can be supplied to PPE is only around 1 million pieces per month. Meanwhile, the ability to supply woven materials can be more than 375 million pieces of PPE per month.


"So don't be surprised if many producers are forced to export PPE because there are a lot of local stocks and if there are local producers who claim to be able to supply PPE from non-woven more than 1 million per month, it must be investigated again, because it must be mixed with imported PPE. who has a production permit, distribution permit as well as an import permit, "said Rusdi.


He claimed this condition was in response to the question of Indonesia's dependence on imported medical devices because local producers were always cornered by imported goods so producers were reluctant to produce and chose to close their factories.


Rusdi hopes that the strong penetration of the imported mafia should be a concern for law enforcement, such as the case of 27 textile containers in Batam.


The Secretary General of the Indonesian Filament and Yarn Producers Association (APSyFI), Redma Gita Wirawasta, confirmed that his party produces PPE, especially hazmat and gown clothing, based on BNPB's directives regarding its standards to meet WHO criteria.


APSyFI members supply fiber, yarn, to woven fabrics, while members of the Indonesian Perteksman Association (API) produce their fabrics and garments.


"So with directives from BNPB, from upstream to downstream we are directly working on making PPE according to WHO standards, because we hear that medical staff in the field lacks PPE. Especially in our warehouses, there are a lot of fabric and yarn stock so the process is faster," Redma said.


At present some API and APSyFI members are disappointed that the government has not absorbed the PPE products they produce on the grounds of prioritizing non woven spund bond materials which are disposable products.


In fact, in the midst of the Covid-19 pandemic, PPE production can help the company's financial condition, especially for paying employee salaries, even though this is only about 3-5 percent of the total production normally done under normal circumstances.


Behind this PPE production there are also thousands of workers and dozens of companies involved. Redma said that 10 million pieces of PPE per month were done by 15,000 people in the garment. Then, 10,000 workers produce 30 million meters of fabric, and 7,000 workers produce 2,500 tons of clan yarn.


Then, 5,000 workers produce 2,500 tons of fiber so that a total of 37,000 workers are involved in PPE production from approximately 20 companies.


"If [PPE needs] are met by imports, how many workers are involved? How much foreign exchange is wasted?" said Redma.


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